Anatomy terminology lab 1 (copy)

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Anatomical position/standard position

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Anatomical position/standard position

<p>standing erect, looking straight ahead, arms at the sides, fingers straight, and palms facing forward thumbs facing outwards of body</p>

standing erect, looking straight ahead, arms at the sides, fingers straight, and palms facing forward thumbs facing outwards of body

<p>standing erect, looking straight ahead, arms at the sides, fingers straight, and palms facing forward thumbs facing outwards of body</p>
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Anterior/ ventral

<p>toward the front of the body ex. nose and eyes are on the anterior aspect of the head</p>

toward the front of the body ex. nose and eyes are on the anterior aspect of the head

<p>toward the front of the body ex. nose and eyes are on the anterior aspect of the head</p>
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Posterior/dorsal

<p>toward the back of the body ex. the vertebral column is located in the posterior portion of the body</p>

toward the back of the body ex. the vertebral column is located in the posterior portion of the body

<p>toward the back of the body ex. the vertebral column is located in the posterior portion of the body</p>
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Superior/ cranial

<p>upward or toward the head ex. the chest is superior to the hips</p>

upward or toward the head ex. the chest is superior to the hips

<p>upward or toward the head ex. the chest is superior to the hips</p>
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inferior/ caudal

<p>downward or away from the head</p>

downward or away from the head

<p>downward or away from the head</p>
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Medial

<p>toward the vertical midline of the body</p>

toward the vertical midline of the body

<p>toward the vertical midline of the body</p>
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Lateral

the opposite of medial, away from the midline of the body

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proximal

closer to the point of attachment

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distal

farther away from the point of attachment

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superficial

toward the surface of the body

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deep

away from the surface of the body

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parietal

toward the outer wall of a body cavity

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visceral

pertaining to the covering of an organ, shiny surface

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Midsagittal

<p>a cut from anterior to posterior, separating the body into right and left halves</p>

a cut from anterior to posterior, separating the body into right and left halves

<p>a cut from anterior to posterior, separating the body into right and left halves</p>
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parasagittal

<p>a section parallel to a midsagittal plane</p>

a section parallel to a midsagittal plane

<p>a section parallel to a midsagittal plane</p>
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transverse/ cross section

<p>a cut in a horizontal plane separating the body into upper and lower portions</p>

a cut in a horizontal plane separating the body into upper and lower portions

<p>a cut in a horizontal plane separating the body into upper and lower portions</p>
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coronal (frontal)

<p>a section through the body which produces a front (anterior) portion and a back (posterior) portion.</p>

a section through the body which produces a front (anterior) portion and a back (posterior) portion.

<p>a section through the body which produces a front (anterior) portion and a back (posterior) portion.</p>
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cranial

skull

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cephalic

head

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frontal

forehead

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mental

chin

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buccal

cheek

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cervical

neck

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acromial

shoulder

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axillary

armpit

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brachial

arm

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antebrachial

forearm

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cubital (olecranal)

elbow

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antecubital

front of elbow

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carpal

wrist

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pollex

thumb

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visceral

internal organ

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somatic

related to body

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coxal

hip

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gluteal

buttock

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inguinal

groin

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pubic

genital

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perineal

between anus and external genitalia

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Crural

leg

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femoral

thigh

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patellar

knee

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popliteal

back of knee

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Calcaneal

heel of foot

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plantar

sole of foot

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hallux

big toe

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cranial cavity

located in the skull and contains the brain

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spinal cavity

located within the spinal column, surrounds and protects the spinal cord

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orbital cavity

for the eyes

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nasal cavity

located within and posterior to the nose

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buccal cavity

the space behind the mouth

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thoracic cavity

<p>contains heart and lungs, superior to diaphragm</p>

contains heart and lungs, superior to diaphragm

<p>contains heart and lungs, superior to diaphragm</p>
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abdominal cavity

<p>contains primarily the major organs of digestion, inferior to the diaphragm</p>

contains primarily the major organs of digestion, inferior to the diaphragm

<p>contains primarily the major organs of digestion, inferior to the diaphragm</p>
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pelvic cavity

<p>Contains urinary bladder, reproductive organs, and rectum, formed by hip bones</p>

Contains urinary bladder, reproductive organs, and rectum, formed by hip bones

<p>Contains urinary bladder, reproductive organs, and rectum, formed by hip bones</p>
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Four quadrants of the abdominopelvic cavity

<p>Right upper quadrant (RUQ) Left upper quadrant (LUQ) Right lower quadrant (RLQ) Left lower quadrant (LLQ)</p>

Right upper quadrant (RUQ) Left upper quadrant (LUQ) Right lower quadrant (RLQ) Left lower quadrant (LLQ)

<p>Right upper quadrant (RUQ) Left upper quadrant (LUQ) Right lower quadrant (RLQ) Left lower quadrant (LLQ)</p>
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nine abdominopelvic regions

<p>right hypochondriac, epigastric, left hypochondriac, right lumbar, umbilical, left lumbar, right iliac, hypogastric, left iliac</p>

right hypochondriac, epigastric, left hypochondriac, right lumbar, umbilical, left lumbar, right iliac, hypogastric, left iliac

<p>right hypochondriac, epigastric, left hypochondriac, right lumbar, umbilical, left lumbar, right iliac, hypogastric, left iliac</p>
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flexion

<p>bending a joint towards the body</p>

bending a joint towards the body

<p>bending a joint towards the body</p>
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extension

<p>bending a joint away from the body</p>

bending a joint away from the body

<p>bending a joint away from the body</p>
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rotation

moving a part around an axis (twisting the head from side to side)

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circumduction

<p>the circular movement at the far end of a limb (moving head in a circular motion)</p>

the circular movement at the far end of a limb (moving head in a circular motion)

<p>the circular movement at the far end of a limb (moving head in a circular motion)</p>
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abduction

<p>Movement away from the midline of the body (going out)</p>

Movement away from the midline of the body (going out)

<p>Movement away from the midline of the body (going out)</p>
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adduction

<p>Movement toward the midline of the body (going in)</p>

Movement toward the midline of the body (going in)

<p>Movement toward the midline of the body (going in)</p>
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supination

<p>turning the palm upward</p>

turning the palm upward

<p>turning the palm upward</p>
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pronation

<p>turning the palm downward</p>

turning the palm downward

<p>turning the palm downward</p>
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inversion

<p>Turning the sole of the foot inward</p>

Turning the sole of the foot inward

<p>Turning the sole of the foot inward</p>
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Eversion

<p>turning the sole of the foot outward</p>

turning the sole of the foot outward

<p>turning the sole of the foot outward</p>
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opposition

<p>moving the thumb to oppose the rest of the fingers</p>

moving the thumb to oppose the rest of the fingers

<p>moving the thumb to oppose the rest of the fingers</p>
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elevation

<p>movement of the lower jaw upward (closed)</p>

movement of the lower jaw upward (closed)

<p>movement of the lower jaw upward (closed)</p>
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depression

<p>movement of the lower jaw downward (open)</p>

movement of the lower jaw downward (open)

<p>movement of the lower jaw downward (open)</p>
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protraction

<p>movement of the lower jaw forward</p>

movement of the lower jaw forward

<p>movement of the lower jaw forward</p>
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retraction

<p>movement of the lower jaw backward</p>

movement of the lower jaw backward

<p>movement of the lower jaw backward</p>
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head

<p>bony expansion carried on a narrow neck (top of femur)</p>

bony expansion carried on a narrow neck (top of femur)

<p>bony expansion carried on a narrow neck (top of femur)</p>
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Condyle

<p>rounded articular projection (bottom of femur)</p>

rounded articular projection (bottom of femur)

<p>rounded articular projection (bottom of femur)</p>
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facet

<p>smooth, nearly flat articular surface</p>

smooth, nearly flat articular surface

<p>smooth, nearly flat articular surface</p>
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fossa

<p>Shallow, basin like depression in a bone, often serving as an articular surface</p>

Shallow, basin like depression in a bone, often serving as an articular surface

<p>Shallow, basin like depression in a bone, often serving as an articular surface</p>
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fovea

<p>tiny pit or depression</p>

tiny pit or depression

<p>tiny pit or depression</p>
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ramus

<p>armlike bar of bone (jawline)</p>

armlike bar of bone (jawline)

<p>armlike bar of bone (jawline)</p>
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Tuberosity

<p>large rounded projection</p>

large rounded projection

<p>large rounded projection</p>
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Tubercle

<p>small rounded projection</p>

small rounded projection

<p>small rounded projection</p>
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process

any bony prominence (spine)

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crest

<p>narrow ridge of bone</p>

narrow ridge of bone

<p>narrow ridge of bone</p>
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line

Narrow ridge of bone; less prominent than a crest

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spine

<p>sharp, slender, often pointed projection</p>

sharp, slender, often pointed projection

<p>sharp, slender, often pointed projection</p>
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Epicondyle

<p>Raised area on or above a condyle</p>

Raised area on or above a condyle

<p>Raised area on or above a condyle</p>
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foramen

Round or oval opening through a bone (whole in pelvis)

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meatus

<p>canal-like passageway</p>

canal-like passageway

<p>canal-like passageway</p>
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groove

<p>a furrow in the bone</p>

a furrow in the bone

<p>a furrow in the bone</p>
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sulcus

<p>a very shallow furrow</p>

a very shallow furrow

<p>a very shallow furrow</p>
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fissure

<p>Narrow, slit like opening</p>

Narrow, slit like opening

<p>Narrow, slit like opening</p>
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notch

<p>indentation at the edge of a bone</p>

indentation at the edge of a bone

<p>indentation at the edge of a bone</p>
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sinus

<p>Air-filled cavity within a bone</p>

Air-filled cavity within a bone

<p>Air-filled cavity within a bone</p>
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