English terms and devices A-J

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Allegory

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English

9th

34 Terms

1

Allegory

word conveying hidden meaning

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2

Alliteration

a repeating letter/sound in a sentence

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3

Allusion

unexplained reference to something outside of the text (political events)

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4

Anachronism

a person/thing placed in the wrong time period

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5

Analogy

a comparison written to explain an idea by comparing it to something else

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6

Anaphora

figure of speech which words repeat at the beginning of sentences

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7

Antagonist

a character opposing the main character - queen in snow white

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8

Antithesis

a figure of speech juxtaposing two opposing ideas

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9

assonance

figure of speech where the same vowel sound repeats

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10

asyndeton

a figure of speech where conjunctions are left out

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11

Ballad

a poem that tells a story

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12

Cacophony

a combination of words that sound unpleasant together

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13

caesura

a pause within poetry marked by punctuation

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14

catharsis

releasing strong emotions through art

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15

cliché

a phrase that is overused and lacks originality

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16

climax

a figure of speech when phrases are arranged in order of importance

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17

colloquialism

the use of informal words in writing

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18

connotation

an array of emotions suggested by words associated with that word

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19

deus ex machina

a plot device where an unsolvable conflict is resolved by an implausible character

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20

diction

a writers unique style of expression in choice and arrangement of words

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21

dramatic irony

a plot device in theatre were the audience has knowledge that the character does not

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22

dénouement

the final section of a story's plot where all the loose ends are tied up

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23

Enjambment

continuation of a sentence across a line break.

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24

Epigraph

short quotation, phrase or poem that is placed at the beginning of another piece of writing to show the works main themes/set the tone.

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25

Euphony

combination of works that sound pleasant together (opposite of cacophony)

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26

exposition

Description of background information within literature.

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27

Foreshadowing

when authors hint at plot developments that will occur later in the story.

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28

Free verse

name given to poetry that doesn't have any strict scheme/meter. can be any line length.

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29

Hamartia

refers to tragic error that leads to a characters downfall.

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30

Hyperbole

obvious exaggerations for the sake of emphasis.

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31

Idiom

phrase conveying meaning that is impossible to understand on literal interpretation. e.g. 'its raining cats and dogs'

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32

Internal Rhyme

a rhyme occurring in the middle lines of poetry, instead of at the end of lines.

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33

Irony

what things seem to be is very different from how they are.

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34

Juxtaposition

an author places two things side by side to highlight their differences.

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