carbohydrates

studied byStudied by 71 People
0.0(0)
get a hint
hint

carbohydrates

1/26

Tags & Description

Studying Progress

New cards
26
Still learning
0
Almost done
0
Mastered
0
26 Terms
New cards

carbohydrates

-grain -veggies -milk -fruits

New cards
New cards

hydroxyl

function group of carbs

New cards
New cards

function group

a group of atoms responsible for the characteristic behavior of the class of compounds in which the group occurs

New cards
New cards

glucose

-monosaccharide -blood sugar

New cards
New cards

fructose

-monosaccharide -fruit sugar

New cards
New cards

galactose

-monosaccharide -sugar found in milk

New cards
New cards

sucrose

-disaccharide -table sugar -(glucose+fructose)

New cards
New cards

lactose

-disaccharide -milk sugar -(gluctose+galactose)

New cards
New cards

polysaccharide

polymers of glucose: -starch -chitin -glycogen -cellulose

New cards
New cards

starch

-polysaccharide -plants store excess sugar

New cards
New cards

chitin

-polysacchride -exoskeleton of animals

New cards
New cards

cellulose

-polysaccharide -cell wall of plants

New cards
New cards

carb-poly-starch

baked potato

New cards
New cards

carb-poly-starch

donut

New cards
New cards

carb-di-sucrose

kool-aid

New cards
New cards

carb-mono-fructose

cherry

New cards
New cards

carb-di-lactose

icecream

New cards
New cards

carb-di-sucrose

cotton candy

New cards
New cards

a fiber

veggies act as a ________.

New cards
New cards

carb-poly-cellulose

celery

New cards
New cards

CHO in a 1-2-1 ratio

describe the proportion of the elements that make up carbohydrates:

New cards
New cards

they provide the raw fuel for cellular energy production

why are carbs important?

New cards
New cards

sugars

what is the common name for the monosaccharides in general?

New cards
New cards

dehydration synthesis

how are disacchardies formed

New cards
New cards

the creation of larger molecules from smaller monomers where a water molecule is released

what occurs in dehydration synthesis

New cards
New cards

monosaccharide

the polysaccharides are long chains of _______ arranged in different ways

New cards