Human Geography unit 1

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Human Geography

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33 Terms
1
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Human Geography

Study of the events and process that have shaped how humans understand, use, and alter the Earth

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Absolute Location

The exact location of an object, usually expressed in coordinates of longitude and latitude

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Relative location

Description of where a place is in relation to other places or features

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Site

Absolute location and physical characteristics of a place

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Situation

A place's location in relation to other places or the surrounding features

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Density

Number of things- people, animals, objects- in a specific area

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Flow

Of people, goods, and information and the economic, social, political, and cultural effects of these movements on society

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Pattern

How things are arranged in a particular space

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Distribution

Arrangement of things in a given place

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Distance decay

The trailing-off phenomenon of diminishing contact with the increase in distance

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Environmental possiblism

Argues that humans a are active agents in determining their behaviors

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Sustainability

The use of earths land and natural resources in ways that will be available in the future

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Scales of analysis

Global, regional, national, state, local

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Region

Area of earths surface with certain characteristics that make it distinct from others

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15
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Wallerstein World Systems Theory

1970: describe the spatial and functional relationship between countries in the world economy

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Cartography

The science of map making

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Mercator projection

<p>•shows true direction •good for navigational purposes •distorts area •distorted near poles</p>

•shows true direction •good for navigational purposes •distorts area •distorted near poles

<p>•shows true direction •good for navigational purposes •distorts area •distorted near poles</p>
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Galls-Peter Projection

<p>•shows true direction •area is relatively precise •distorts shape •continents appear elongated</p>

•shows true direction •area is relatively precise •distorts shape •continents appear elongated

<p>•shows true direction •area is relatively precise •distorts shape •continents appear elongated</p>
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Robinson Projection

<p>•appearance” looks real” •distorts size and shape, but not too much •imprecise measurements •extreme distortion of poles; flat on poles, compressed on equator</p>

•appearance” looks real” •distorts size and shape, but not too much •imprecise measurements •extreme distortion of poles; flat on poles, compressed on equator

<p>•appearance” looks real” •distorts size and shape, but not too much •imprecise measurements •extreme distortion of poles; flat on poles, compressed on equator</p>
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Azimuthal Projection

<p>•practices direction •when used from the point of North Pole, no country seen as center •distorts shape and area •only shows 1/2 of Earth</p>

•practices direction •when used from the point of North Pole, no country seen as center •distorts shape and area •only shows 1/2 of Earth

<p>•practices direction •when used from the point of North Pole, no country seen as center •distorts shape and area •only shows 1/2 of Earth</p>
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Isoline Map

Uses lines of equal value to represent data like elevation, barometric pressure, or temperature

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Chloropeth Map

A variable is depicted with shading, patterns, or colors

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Proportion symbol map

Size of the symbol varies in proportion to the intensity of the mapped variable

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Dot map

A dot represents some frequency of the mapped variable

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Cartogram map

Uses relative size of political unites to convey value

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The goal of geography

Identify and explain equal patterns and processes of humans and the physical environment

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Geographic Positioning System (GPS)

Gives us an absolute or mathematical location (longitude and latitude)

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Geographic Information System (GIS)

A computer system that stores and queries data stored in LAYERS

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Space-Time Compression

Describes shrinking of relative distance between places due to advance in transportation and communication (importance of globalization)

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Globalization

Expansion of economic, cultural, and political process on a worldwide scale

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Quantitive data collection

Information measured by numbers

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Qualitative data collection

Interpretation of data

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Physical Geography

Study of where things are found on earths surface and the reasons for their locations

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