Hgap unit 2 test

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Crude Birth Rate

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36 Terms
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Crude Birth Rate

the number of births in a given year per 1,000 people in a given population

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Natural Rate of Increase

the percentage by which a population grows in a year

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Pronatalist

policies that encourage births and aim to accelerate population growth.

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Antinatalist

policies are designed to curb population growth by discouraging citizens from having children.

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Internal Migration

permanent move within the same country

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International Migration

permanent move from one country to another.

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Interregional Migration

Movement between regions of a country

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Intraregional Migration

Movement within the same region

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Political Push Factors:

-Political Persecution -Intolerance of dissent -Abuse of power by ruling parties -Open Violence /Conflict

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Political Pull Factors:

-Peace -Greater freedoms from government oversight

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Economic Push factors:

-Poor job prospects -Low wages -Weak national economy -No opportunities for the highly skilled or educated.

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Economic Pull factors:

-Better employment opportunities -High wages -Low unemployment -Strong national economy

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Demographic Push factors:

-Overpopulation -Lack of access to needed services

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Demographic Pull factors:

-Imbalance in gender ratio (ability to find a spouse) -Low population

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Environmental Push factors:

-Drought -Flooding -Crop failures

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Environmental Pull factors:

-Desirable climate -Fertile soil -Flat land

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Human Migration

a permanent move to a new location

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Net migration

the difference between the number of immigrants and emigrants in a location.

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refugee

A refugee has been forced to migrate to avoid a potential threat to his or her life, and they cannot return for fear of persecution.

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Brain drain

the loss of trained or educated people to the lure of work in another, often richer, country

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Thomas Malthus

He theorized that the world’s population was growing exponentially while food production was growing arithmetically.

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transhumance

the action or practice of moving livestock from one grazing ground to another in a seasonal cycle, typically to lowlands in winter and highlands in summer.

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Total Fertility Rate

is the average number of children one woman in a given country or region will have during her childbearing years.

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Antinatalist

policies are designed to curb population growth by discouraging citizens from having children.

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Pronatalist

policies that encourage births and aim to accelerate population growth.

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Carrying Capacity

The maximum population size an environment can sustain

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Relocation diffusion

the spread of ideas and culture traits through migration.

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Dependency Ratio

The number of people who are too young/old to work, compared to the number of people in their productive years.

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Forced Migration

the forcibly induced movement of people, for example, when migrants are forced to flee to escape conflict or persecution or become trafficked.

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Voluntary migration

when people CHOOSE to move, this is often for economic reasons for work or for social reasons such as to be closer to family.

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Intervening obstacles

an occurrence that causes a migrant to pause their journey. This can be by choice (intervening opportunity) or by force (obstacle).

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Intervening opportunities

JOBS!

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epidemic

a widespread occurrence of an infectious disease in a community at a particular time.

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Pandemic

(of a disease) prevalent over a whole country or the world.

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Internally Displaced Person

Is similar to a refugee, but they have not migrated across an international border.

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:)

:D

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