Imperialism flashcards

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Imperialism

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49 Terms

1

Imperialism

The seizure of a country by another stringer country “The bully effect”

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2

Reason for imperialism

Europe was kicked out of the Americas and needed to find resources elsewhere.

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3

Geography of Africa

They had the Sahara desert, and lots of diseases.  Lots of rough terrain. Made it so that Europe had not gone far into it previously.

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4

white man's burden

the supposed responsibility of the white race to provide care for their non-white subjects.

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5

A nation divided

Will never stand or win

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6

The Berlin Conference

When Europe decided how to split up Africa. All they needed to do was say what part they wanted, and prove that they had an army their to control it.

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7

Militarism

Strict rule by a military to achieve control.

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8

Zulu Tribe

A tribe in Africa that was able to do good against the British

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9

Shaka Zulu

Leader of the Zulu Tribe. Came up with many good ways to win battles.

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10

Africa today

It is very divided because when Europe left they grouped many tribes together based on who had ruled them. This often put opposing and rival tribes together.

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11

The Jewel Of The Crown

How Britain referred to India, when it was their colony

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12

Indian products

Tea, Indigo, cotton, and Opium

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13

The British East India Company

The company which controlled India for the British.

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14

Sepoys

The Indian soldiers for the British East India Company.

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15

The Sepoy Mutiny

a revolution by the Sepoy because they were scared of being converted to christianity, and realized that they were biting bullets greased in cow and pig fat.

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16

British response to the Sepoy Mutiny

Sent their own soldiers to defeat them, and afterward put themselves in charge of the country. Making India controlled by the British Parliament.

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17

The DIvision of Bengal

In 1905 the Muslims agreed to move to Bengal.

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18

Ethnocentrism

The idea that your country or ideas are better than everyone else’s.

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19

Ethnocentrism in China

Made China isolated and set trade imbalances in their favor.

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20

Mandate of Heaven

Like divine right in Europe, they thought rulers were chosen by god.

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21

Dynastic Cycle

A ruling family would rue for many years until they became too corrupt, then the people would revolt and choose a new ruling family. This cycle was repeated many times.

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22

The Manchu Dynasty

The last ruling dynasty in China.

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23

Opium

A drug which was introduced to China by the British. Got the Chinese people addicted. The British introduced it to get rid of trade imbalances.

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24

Opium wars

After the Emperor banned Opium, a British smuggler ship was sunk, allowing Britain to declare war. Britain ended up winning, making the Treaty of Nanking, and setting up many spheres of influence.

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25

Treaty of Nanking

Britain gets 5 ports to trade, China pays for war, Britain gets Hong Kong, and others ruled in Britain's favor.

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26

Spheres of Influence

A section in China where only one country has special trading rights, only they can trade in that area, nobody else.

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27

Open Door Policy

The U.S proposed that the Chinese had to trade with anyone, so that they wouldn't get left out.

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28

Taiping Rebellion

The people tried to get rid of the Manchus, because they lied and said China was strong.

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29

Boxer Rebellion

Chinese people revolted to get foreigners out of the country.

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30

The Kuomintang

Takes over China, and sets up a more modern, Western style government.

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31

Sun Yixian

Leader of the Kuomintang.

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32

Japanese Emperor

A figure head for the Japanese government

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33

The Shogun

Was in charge of the Japanese military, and held most of the power.

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34

Matthew Perry

Who the U.S sends to Japan to convince them to trade before the rest of Europe does. Shows them many new advanced gadgets to shows power.

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35

The Shogun's downfall

Agrees to be imperialized, making the people mad so they turn to Emperor

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36

Emperor Meiji

Also agrees to be imperialized, but only because he wants Japan to also imperialize. This will allow them to modernize the country, and industrialize.

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37

SIno-Japanese war

Japan fought against China to take over modern day Korea. Allowed them to also take over Manchuria.

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38

Sino- Russian war

Japan got some land from defeating Russia

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39

Sultan

Leader of the Ottoman Empire

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40

Suleyman I

Last strong Sultan, once he died many more weak sultans ruled leading to the Empire's downfall.

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41

Crimean War

Russia tried to fight the Ottomans for a warm water port in the Black Sea, but got were defeated with the help from France and Britain, who stepped in when they realized the Empire couldn’t win alone.

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42

Results of the Crimean War

Showed the world how weak the Ottomans were; their land was for the taking.

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43

Egypt

Broke away from the Ottoman Empire and modernized.

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44

The Suez Canal

Constructed by Egypt, and connected the Red Sea to the Mediterranean. Was mostly financed by England. When Egypt couldn't pay them back, Britain insisted on overseeing Egypts financials. Thus taking over Egypt.

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45

Mexican American War

The U.S fights Mexico in order to get Texas, Arizona, and southern California.

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46

Manifest Destiny

The belief that the U.S has to move West

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47

Panama Canal

Connects from the Pacific to the Caribbean. It was built by the U.S after they take control of Panama.

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48

Monroe Doctrine

Europe should stay out of the Americas or else.

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49

Roosevelt Corollary

added on to the Monroe Doctrine saying that the U.S would intervene in Latin America if the counties could not pay back European countries.

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