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Ecology

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Ecology

the study of the interactions of organisms with their environment

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7 Levels of Ecological Organization

  1. organism

  2. population

  3. community

  4. ecosystem

  5. landscape

  6. biome

  7. biosphere

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Population

all individuals of the same species in a given area

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Community

all individuals of all species in an area

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Ecosystem

all individuals of all species in a given area plus abiotic factors

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Landscape

multiple adjacent ecosystems that may interact

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Biome

all ecosystems of the same type in the world

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Biosphere

all ecosystems on the planet

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Dichotomous key

an identification guide to the species in a particular taxonomic group for a particular region

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List the 7 ecosystems of SoCal

  1. Coastal Strand

  2. Coastal Salt Marsh

  3. Oak Savannah

  4. Riparian Woodland

  5. Southern Live Oak Woodland

  6. Coastal Sage Scrub

  7. Chaparral

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Coastal Strand location

sandy areas by the sea

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Coastal Salt Marsh location

low-lying areas near the ocean; usually where freshwater meets the ocean

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Oak Savannah location

usually next to large prairies near rolling hills

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Riparian Woodland location

usually in a narrow band immediately adjacent to a freshwater source

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Southern Live Oak Woodland location

in canyons such as Topanga and Malibu Canyons

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Coastal Sage Scrub location

hillsides at lower elevations and near the ocean

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Chaparral location

inland and higher elevation hillsides and ridges throughout our area

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Coastal Strand abiotic conditions

high levels of salt, little shade, lots of sun

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Coastal Strand plant adaptations

large vacuole in each plant cell; allows storage of extra salt

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Coastal Salt Marsh abiotic conditions

high levels of salt, varying levels of water

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Coastal Salt Marsh plant adaptations

large vacuole in each plant cell; allow storage of extra salt

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Oak Savannah abiotic conditions

low precipitation, poor soil, frequent wildfires

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Oak Savannah plant adaptations

pubescent leaves; retain moisture

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Riparian Woodland abiotic conditions

dominated by trees; little sun exposure

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Riparian Woodland plant adaptations

relatively large leaves; maximize sun absorption flexible/compound leaves; allows contact of sunlight from many directions

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Southern Live Oak Woodland abiotic conditions

shaded by surrounding hills; limited sunlight increased moisture from rainfall that runs down nearby hills and collects in low-lying areas

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Southern Live Oak Woodland plant adaptations

tall trees to catch sunlight from low elevation

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Coastal Sage Scrub abiotic conditions

moisture from periodic rain/coastal fogs relatively dry excessive evaporation and sun exposure

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Coastal Sage Scrub plant adaptations

pubescent leaves; retain moisture

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Chaparral abiotic conditions

hot/dry summers, little rain, frequent fire

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Chaparral plant adaptations

small/wavy/nearly vertically attached leaves; reduce sun exposure light in color; reflect sunlight tough/thick/folded/pubescent leaves; reduce evaporation by wind

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List the 5 plants with compound leaves

  1. Bladderpod

  2. California walnut

  3. Poison oak

  4. Deerweed

  5. Elderberry

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What is the single non-native plant we studied?

Wild mustard

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<p>Common Name: ______ Family: _____ Ecosystem(s): _____</p>
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<p>Common Name: ______ Family: _____ Ecosystem(s): _____</p>

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Saltbush Family Chenopodiaceae Coastal Strand, Coastal Salt Marsh

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Pickleweed Family Chenopodiaceae Coastal Salt Marsh

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Bladderpod Family Cleomaceae Coastal Salt Marsh, Coastal Sage Scrub

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Dodder Family Convolvulaceae Coastal Salt Marsh, Coastal Sage Scrub, Chaparral

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Salt grass Family Poaceae Coastal Salt Marsh

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Valley oak Family Fagaceae Oak Savannah

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Wild mustard Family Brassicaceae Oak Savannah

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Willow Family Salicaceae Riparian Woodland

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Black cottonwood Family Salicaceae Riparian Woodland

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White alder Family Betulaceae Riparian Woodland

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Elderberry Family Adoxaceae Riparian Woodland, Southern Live Oak Woodland

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Mule fat Family Asteraceae Riparian Woodland

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California sycamore Family Platanaceae Riparian Woodland

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California bay Family Lauraceae Riparian Woodland, Southern Live Oak Woodland

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Coast live oak Family Fagaceae Riparian Woodland, Southern Live Oak Woodland

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Wild cucumber Family Cucurbitaceae Riparian Woodland, Southern Live Oak Woodland, Coastal Sage Scrub, Chaparral

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Mistletoe Family Viscaceae Riparian Woodland, Southern Live Oak Woodland

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Coffeeberry Family Rhamnaceae Southern Live Oak Woodland

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Poison oak Family Anacardiaceae Southern Live Oak Woodland

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Toyon Family Rosaceae Southern Live Oak Woodland, Coastal Sage Scrub, Chaparral

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California walnut Family Juglandaceae Southern Live Oak Woodland

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Golden currant Family Grossulariaceae Southern Live Oak Woodland

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California sagebrush Family Asteraceae Coastal Sage Scrub

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Bush sunflower Family Asteraceae Coastal Sage Scrub

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Coyote brush Family Asteraceae Coastal Sage Scrub, Chaparral

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Purple sage Family Lamiaceae Coastal Sage Scrub, Chaparral

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Black sage Family Lamiaceae Coastal Sage Scrub, Chaparral

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Laurel sumac Family Anacardiaceae Coastal Sage Scrub, Chaparral

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Lemonadeberry Family Anacardiaceae Coastal Sage Scrub

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California buckwheat Family Polygonaceae Coastal Sage Scrub, Chaparral

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Coastal prickly pear Family Cactaceae Coastal Sage Scrub, Chaparral

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Chamise Family Rosaceae Chaparral

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Mountain mahogany Family Rosaceae Chaparral

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Holly-leaved cherry Family Rosaceae Chaparral

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Chaparral yucca Family Agavaceae Chaparral

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Manzanita Family Ericaceae Chaparral

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Yerba santa Family Boraginaceae Chaparral

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California lilac Family Rhamnaceae Chaparral

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Redberry Family Rhamnaceae Chaparral

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Deerweed Family Fabaceae Chaparral

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Sticky monkeyflower Family Phrymaceae Chaparral

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Tree poppy Family Papaveraceae Chaparral

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Woolly blue curls Family Lamiaceae Chaparral

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Desert brittle bush Family Asteraceae Chaparral

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Sugar bush Family Anacardiaceae Chaparral

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Scrub oak Family Fagaceae Chaparral

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California cholla Family Cactaceae Chaparral

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Family Adoxaceae

Blue elderberry

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Family Agavaceae

Chaparral yucca

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Family Anacardiaceae

Laurel sumac Lemonade berry Sugar bush Poison oak

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Family Asteraceae

California sagebrush Coyote brush Mule fat Bush sunflower Desert brittlebush

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