History Unit 2 Test Review

studied byStudied by 32 people
5.0(2)
get a hint
hint

Who was Czar Nicholas II?

1 / 64

Tags and Description

65 Terms

1

Who was Czar Nicholas II?

The last czar of Russia, weak leader, suffered an embarrassing defeat in the Russo-Japanese War

New cards
2

Who was Czarina Alexandra?

Wife of Nicholas II, manipulated by Rasputin because of her son's illness

New cards
3

Who was Prince Alexis Romanov?

Heir of the throne, born with hemophilia, believed to be a 'political problem'

New cards
4

Who was Rasputin?

Healer, took care of the czar's son, made key decisions in the government, wounded the reputations of the Romanov family

New cards
5

Who was Michael Romanov?

Brother of Nicholas II, next heir to the throne after Alexis Romanov, had a controversial marriage, declined the throne after Nicholas abdicated

New cards
6

February 1917 Revolution

The monarchy collapses, set up the Provisional Government

New cards
7

When did Czar Nicholas II abdicate?

March 15, 1917

New cards
8

Who was Lenin?

Leader of the Bolsheviks and first leader of the Soviet Union, (Peace, Land, Bread)

New cards
9

The Kornilov Affair

in late 1917 Kerensky's commander in chief, General Laver Kornolov led a feeble attack against the provincial government in September; his forces were quickly defeated.

New cards
10

Who was Alexander Kerensky?

Leader of the provisional government and the Mensheviks

New cards
11

October 25, 1917

Bolsheviks storm and seize control of the Winter palace -arrest the Provisional Gov't

  • announces the start of the Soviet Union

New cards
12

When was the October Manifesto issued?

October 17th 1905

New cards
13

What was the October Manifesto?

Tsars' speech to create reforms after bloody Sunday, guaranteed civil liberties (e.g., freedom of speech, press, and assembly), and a legislative body (the Duma) whose members would be popularly elected

New cards
14

Karl Marx

Father of Communism, Communist Manifesto

New cards
15

Who were the Marxists?

These were socialists who supported and claimed there would be a worker's revolution in which workers would seize control of factors and create a socialist society; formed the basis for the theory and practice of communism

New cards
16

Where did Lenin flee to?

Finland

New cards
17

Where was Lenin during the February Revolution?

Exiled to Switzerland

New cards
18

What were the causes of the Russo-Japanese War?

-both Russia and Japan wanted to establish a presence in Manchuria in order to advance their own industrial development -both wanted to possess the physical wealth that Korea owned -both saw themselves as ascendent Pacific powers

New cards
19

What were the impacts of the Russo-Japanese War on Japan?

demolished the Russian army and won the war, claimed Lushun, began industrial development in Manchuria, and controlled Korea

New cards
20

What were the impacts of the Russo-Japanese War on Russia?

their first defeat to a non-western nation, Tsar's popularity plummeted, and the government was ridiculed by the middle class, massive worker strikes

New cards
21

How did western powers perceive the outcome of the Russo-Japanese War?

-Britian ensured Japan was an ally to them -USA saw Japan as a real threat

New cards
22

What is the Duma?

Russia's first elected parliament, established by Nicholas II in the October manifesto, wasn't as powerful as it was said to be

New cards
23

War Communism

in World War I Russia, government control of banks and most industries, the seizing of grain from peasants, and the centralization of state administration under Communist control

New cards
24

Who was Trotsky?

A commander of the new Bolshevik army, the Red Army

New cards
25

Who was Stalin?

Joseph Stalin was the leader of the Soviet Union from the mid-1920s until his death in 1953.

New cards
26

What type of revolution did Trotsky want?

socialist revolution, believed that an economic system must be seen and understood as a world system rather than as a national one.

New cards
27

What type of revolution did Stalin want?

socialist revolution, could be achieved "in one country," independent of other countries.

New cards
28

Russian Purges under Stalin

  • 1921 to 1953

  • between 3 and 60 million deaths attributed to the direct and indirect policies of Stalin's regime

New cards
29

Who were the Mensheviks?

Minority group, wanted a neat and orderly revolution- (wanted support of everyone)

New cards
30

Who were the Bolsheviks?

Radical Marxist group in Russia that wanted change immediately

New cards
31

What was the Provisional Government?

The temporary government put in place while the Russians decided what type of government they wanted

New cards
32

When did the Provisional Government take power?

March 1917 after the abdication of the Tsar

New cards
33

When did the provisional government fall?

October 1917

New cards
34

Who was Kornilov?

A right-wing war hero who despised Socialism - from a humble background - great military record.

New cards
35

What did Kornilov want?

to overthrow radical socialists, continue an offensive war and restore order

New cards
36

What did Kornilov do?

He ordered 6 regiments of troops to march on Petrograd - intended to crush the Soviet and establish a dictatorship.

New cards
37

What did Rasputin do?

He opposed reform measures and obtained powerful positions for his friends

New cards
38

what did Rasputin make Alexandra do?

appoint and fire whichever government officials he wanted

New cards
39

Who were the Kulaks?

Wealthy farmers/peasants

New cards
40

What did the kulaks oppose?

the Soviet Government for making them collective farm

New cards
41

What is isolationism?

a policy of remaining apart from the affairs or interests of other groups, especially the political affairs of other countries.

New cards
42

Why did the US practice isolationism?

They didn't want to interfere with international affairs

New cards
43

What was the League of Nations?

After the First World War it was an organization formed to help countries settle their differences peacefully rather than war

New cards
44

Who was in the League of Nations?

Britain, France, Italy, Japan,

New cards
45

What did the League of Nations do?

Maintain world peace, preventing wars through collective security and disarmament, and settling international disputes through negotiation and arbitration.

New cards
46

consumer society

Refers to the fact the US became a society where people spent money and bought new products rather than saving

New cards
47

What is laissez-faire?

policy of minimum governmental interference in the economic affairs of individuals and society.

New cards
48

What is Keynesian economics?

created by John Maynard Keynes, large scale government spending to stimulate the economy.

New cards
49

Woodrow Wilson

28th president of the United States, known for World War I leadership, created progressive income tax, lower tariffs, women's suffrage (reluctantly), Treaty of Versailles, sought 14 points post-war plan, League of Nations (but failed to win U.S. ratification

New cards
50

Warren G. Harding

Pres.1921 laissez-faire, little regard for gov't or presidency. "Return to normalcy" after Wilson + his progressive ideals. Office became corrupt: allowed drinking in prohibition

New cards
51

Calvin Coolidge

(1923-1929), small gov't conservative; laissez faire ideology; in favor of immigration restriction (Immigration Act); reduced the tax burden; the Bonus Bill was passed over his veto; Revenue Act of 1924; Kellogg-Briand Pact

New cards
52

Herbert Hoover

The 31st President of the United States; President during the stock market crash of '29

New cards
53

Franklin D. Roosevelt

32nd US President - He began New Deal programs to help the nation out of the Great Depression, and he was the nation's leader during most of WWII

New cards
54

income inequality

the unequal distribution of household or individual income across the various participants in an economy

New cards
55

New Deal

A series of reforms enacted by the Franklin Roosevelt administration between 1933 and 1942 with the goal of ending the Great Depression.

New cards
56

What did the New Deal do?

FDR had bank holidays and closed the banks. He created programs to provide work, direct relief to people and aid to relief agencies, and built infrastructure.

New cards
57

Did the New Deal end the Great Depression?

No, WWII did

New cards
58

Hoovervilles

a shantytown built by unemployed and destitute people during the Depression of the early 1930s.

New cards
59

Tariffs

Taxes on imports or exports

New cards
60

Neutrality Acts

4 laws passed in the late 1930s that were designed to keep the US out of international incidents

New cards
61

What did the Neutrality Acts do?

No American can sell anything to a war country. No loans to countries in war.

New cards
62

Who passed the Neutrality Acts?

US Congress

New cards
63

TVA

(Tennessee Valley Authority Act) Relief, Recover, and Reform. one of the most important acts that built a hyro-electric dam for a needed area.

New cards
64

What did the TVA do?

Government built dams to provide electricity to rural areas around the Tennessee River

New cards
65

Cash and Carry Policy

policy adopted by the United States in 1939 to preserve neutrality while aiding the Allies. Britain and France could buy goods from the United States if they paid in full and transported them.

New cards

Explore top notes

note Note
studied byStudied by 2 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 43 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 58 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 4 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 59 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(5)
note Note
studied byStudied by 10850 people
Updated ... ago
4.9 Stars(51)
note Note
studied byStudied by 4 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 17 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)

Explore top flashcards

flashcards Flashcard39 terms
studied byStudied by 8 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
flashcards Flashcard52 terms
studied byStudied by 2 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard42 terms
studied byStudied by 2 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard33 terms
studied byStudied by 2 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard30 terms
studied byStudied by 2 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard42 terms
studied byStudied by 29 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
flashcards Flashcard128 terms
studied byStudied by 53 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard50 terms
studied byStudied by 51 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)