Enlightenment Vocabulary

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Enlightenment

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13 Terms

1

Enlightenment

Period in 18th century when many writers and scientists began to argue that reason was more important than tradition

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2

Natural Rights

The rights that humans have by nature: life, liberty, and property

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3

Separation of Powers

The division of power into separate branches

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4

Social Contract

Agreement between people and their government to limit their rights to create a organized society

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5

Absolute Rule

King or Queen who has unlimited power

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6

Consent of the Governed

Idea that the government exists because the people have agreed to obey laws

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7

Humanism

Belief that humans are good and can use reason to solve their problems

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8

Limited Government

Theory where the government only has power that is listed in a written constitution

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9

Self-Determination

Freedom to decide which form of government is best

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10

Free-Market Economy

System in which supply and demand determine prices

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11

Government Regulation

The standards that determine what people, businesses, and organizations are allowed to do

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12

Laissez Faire

Policy that allows businesses to develop without government control

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13

Mercantilism

Policy used by countries to sell more goods than they bought

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