History Exam 1 post 1860

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Welfare Capitalism

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Welfare Capitalism

A big businesses tactic of creating a stronger loyalty to the company then loyalty to their social class. Benefits like subsidized housing, health insurance, or turkeys at the holidays, Pullman Palace Car Company, prevent strikes.

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George Creel

An investigative journalist turned into the Head of the US Committee on public information AKA an organization created by Woodrow Wilson during WW1 to spread propaganda and have more Americans come to support the war by portraying the German soldiers as evil. German Soldiers Stealing milk from babies, German soldiers depicted as a monkey stealing a women, and campaigns to get men to enlist also spread ideas to ration food for soldiers such as meatless Mondays and wheat-less Wednesdays

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American Anti-Imperialist League

This group was put together to oppose the US acquiring any colonies, specifically the Philippines tho. They believed imperialism was against the fundamentals America was built on. They believed in "Consent of the Governed".

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Muckrakers

Journalists, writers, and photographers who sought to help reform society. They exposed corruption in many institutions and wrongs done by big businesses. Trying to raise public awareness and anger at urban poverty, unsafe working conditions, prostitution, and child labor to have people want to fight for reform as well.

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The Platt Amendment

Approved on May 22, 1903, the Platt Amendment was a treaty between the U.S. and Cuba that attempted to protect Cuba's independence from foreign intervention. It permitted extensive U.S. involvement in Cuban international and domestic affairs for the enforcement of Cuban independence.

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Dawes Act (AKA Indian Allotment Act) 1887

This Act Allowed the president to break up Native American reservation land originally held by the whole tribe into smaller pieces of land and given to individuals "Each Native American family head was given 320 acres of grazing land or 160 acres of farmland. If they were single, they were given 80 acres."

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Eugene Vic. Debs

A socialist who was known for his opposition to Corporations and WW1. Was sent to jail for Impeding the war effort. he created the Social Democratic Party of America.

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Fredrick W. Taylor

known as the Father of Scientific Management he promoted the idea of "a fair day's pay for a fair day's work." he also thought manufacturing plant managers should determine the best way for the worker to do a job, to provide the proper tools and training to do the job. methods to improve industrial efficiency

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Roosevelt Corollary

This was an addition to the Monroe Doctrine it nations of the Western Hemisphere not open to colonization by European powers, and that the United States would protect them to preserve order and life in the western hemisphere.

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Ida B. Wells

A black female Journalist who Exposed many Lynchings to the public, especially the lynchings of Business owning Black men at the hands of scared white men. She sought to expose these atrocities happening across the country, not just in the south, and demanded change.

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Jane Addams

A white upper-class woman who helped the poor immigrants. She is seen as the founder of social work, supported the temperance movement, Founded the Hull House, the first settlement house in North America, and fought for reforms while also being gender-conscious; she offered food, housing, and training for jobs.

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William Jennings Bryan

Was a leader of the democratic party put up as their presidential candidate many times supported by farmers and laborers during the progressive era, Gave the "cross of gold" speech and had strong opinions of the free coinage of silver.

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Social Darwinism

The idea "that certain people become powerful in society because they are innately better" was used to justify imperialism racism, and eugenics the idea was invented by Herbert Spencer, the reason the term "Survival of the fittest" was coined

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Plessey V. Ferguson

The supreme court case that upheld train segregation laws in Louisiana because the segregated areas were "separate but Equal" this decision set into motion the passing of many segregation/Jim crow laws

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Triangle Shirtwaist Fire

A factory's owners, hoping to cut down on unscheduled employee breaks, purposely locked exit doors. A fire started in the factory, and the workers were trapped inside 146 workers died. The first state fire laws were created immediately following the fire.

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League of Nations

The first worldwide intergovernmental organization whose principal mission was to maintain world peace. It was Woodrow Wilsons idea, but the US did not join to try and maintain neutrality.

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Pinkerton Detective Agency

Businesses hired this Agency to infiltrate unions, supply guards, keep strikers and suspected unionists out of factories, and recruit goon squads to intimidate workers. They were brought in to break up the homestead strike of 1892

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Nativism

Intense opposition to an internal minority on the grounds of their foreign connections. This xenophobic idea appeared in the progressive era because Americans laborers jobs were being taken by immigrants who were willing to work for less.

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“Frontier Thesis”

A theory that the availability of unsettled land throughout much of American history was the most important factor determining national development. Frontier experiences and new opportunities forced old traditions to change, institutions to adapt, and society to become more democratic as class distinctions collapsed.

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The “Rough Riders"

A nickname for people who volunteered to go fight in Cuba during the Spanish American war

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Wounded Knee

The slaughter of approximately 150–300 Lakota Indians by United States Army troops as a reaction to the Ghost dance religious movement that was spreading across the country

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Booker T. Washington

This man had a more conservative view on segregation and thought that black Americans should not fight it he supported big businesses and discouraged black people from joining unions and strikes. He believed in the talented 10th being superior to other Black Americans. Helped found Tuskegee University a primarily black Trade school.

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Open Door Policy

It called for protection of equal privileges for all countries trading with China and for the support of Chinese territorial and administrative integrity.

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Birth of a Nation

A film that portrayed black men as being a threat to white women. Was responsible for a resurgence of the KKK in the progressive era.

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The Lusitania

A British passenger ship sunk by a german submarine For being suspect of having weapons on board. Americans on board died prompting the US to enter the war.

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