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who approves knowledge and technology?

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who approves knowledge and technology?

by communities of scholars

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economic development

means that there's a lot of technology, productivity

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where does economic development occur?

everywhere where there's incentive

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migration of smarter people

they migrate to countries with more technological advancements

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countries with over 10,000 academic papers

us canada uk india china australia

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what led to an evolution in the spread of knowledge?

the invention of paper, writing, publishing, and printing

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the industrial revolution

when industry that used to be limited became much more advanced across the world due to expanded use of natural resources changed the nature of human life

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problems of the industrial revolution

pollution caused by petroleum and greenhouse gases increased cancer rates and illness

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humanity's power on earth has...

led to a movement to a new era, the anthropocene

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anthro

human

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cene

new era

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anthropocene

era of history where human beings have become an agent of change on and for the planet

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the 1950s

led to a big change in population health, cities, and technology were accessible to most people

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how much land do humans manage?

3/4 except the artics

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cons of the anthropocene

sea levels rising loss of biodiversity holes in ozone with high co2 levels risks of destabilization of the planet climate change land system change

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the era of the anthropocene

the current epoch in which humans and their societies have become a global geophysical forces

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geophysical forces

volcanoes, rain, and natural disasters that radically change the earth

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humanity

has changed the nature of earth itself

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when did the anthropocene begin?

in the 18th century with the rise of western industrialization

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nature is

feeling the effects of human actions

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pakistan

a third of the country is under water 33 million people have lost everything

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european heat waves

uk, sweden, and portugal have had awful heat waves because they dont have acs

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anything that affects human life can be...

political

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why are decisions are political?

because it can affect millions of people

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what is politics concerned with?

with the fate of all people on the planet as individuals, communities, states, etc

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affects on the environment...

also impact livelihood and the economy

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science is not immune to...

politics

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resources

have to be acquired from somewhere

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when science advances...

it needs to look for resources

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discipline of knowledge

have evolved to better understand the anthropocene many disciplines is trying to contribute to understand it

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what role does science play in the anthropocene?

its a lab where all these sciences work to understand what is happening and to know what to do about it

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science is a...

collective effort a process to validate knowledge through testing, critiques, and changes

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risks on the planet

we have created an understanding of the risks and opportunities on the planet

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the first thing to acquire knowledge

comes from an understanding

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the internal dynamics of the anthropocene

production/consumption core driven by energy systems and shaped by human societies which are influenced by cultures, institutions, and knowledge

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production/consumptions

if nobody consumes, you cannot produce they make up one another through supply and demand

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energy systems

you cannot sustain without energy

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the world is a...

network of connections

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nodes

represent the countries people or groups

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edges

the lines that connect nodes represent the interaction between those groups either socially, economically, or politically

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what is a feature of human kind?

technology we cannot do without it

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the reality of technology

not everyone benefits in the same way and not everyone has access

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in order to have technology, you need...

science

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humans are now what?

a geophysical force beyond the planet

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politics shows us that

humanity thrives across challenges and we will always be useful to politics

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can technology be political?

yes because humans drive tech, therefore it is because humans are inherently political

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decisions on what is good or bad are?

political

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model

a simplification of a collections of concepts that we put together in order to explain or understand something

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what is our basic system?

the earth

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institutions

rules and norms that are repeatedly used by human beings so that they shape the behavior, thinking, and actions that people often take for grnated

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buildings

are not an institution

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human beings role in an institution

they are expected to uphold and apply those rules and norms

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what is the base of using resources and uphold institutions?

knowledge

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interactions between the anthropocene and the earth system

go both ways example: greenhouse gas emissions, resource extractions, and pollutants driving impacts that reverberate through the geosphere and biosphere

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the observer and the observed

cannot be separated because of the anthropocene because humans fit both roles

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example of a political debate in the anthropocene

abortion rights politics decides whats deemed as alive or not

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younger generations vs older generations

younger takes risks, older is wiser

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certains tools created by humanity

are no longer in our control things are going too fast and we can no longer stop it

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change

can leave people behind or push people to the forefront

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knowledge

interact with: population energy institutions political economy production/consumption

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understanding the anthropocene

there is no beginning point and no ending point

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the anthropocene will always be about what?

politics

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there is one

civilization

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what separates people?

culture

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what drives technological changes?

political changes

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what can technological changes generate?

economic growth

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are advancements always a good thing?

no economic growth does not meaning that everyone is doing well in a nation

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what does technology provide to humanity?

power to improve our lives and communicate across the planet

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the interaction between technological and political changes

technological changes --> social and political instability of world politics --> changes in international politics --> economic growth --> reduced resources and economic resources --> technological changes

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how to humans determine whether tech is good or bad?

with how they use it

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are the effects of technology reversible?

yes

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the nuclear bomb

first one was used in the heat of the war, but the second was used for politics to show russia not to mess with the us the threat led to the arms race but after japan, no bombs have been deployed therefore, scholars believe its taboo to use nuclear arms

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humanit does act in beneficial ways in the...

long term but can occur in the short time

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when do political decisions change?

when context changes

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example of political decisions changing

germany wanted to close nuclear power plants but had to keep them open to provide energy to homes during harsh winters

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political decisions are made at the...

scale of the world the intention is local but they have consequences that can affect everyone on the planet

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why are political decisions made at the scale of the world?

because people are interdependent, with limited resources, and always growing in size

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three dimensions of acceleration

technical acceleration acceleration of social change acceleration of the pace of life

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what questions has the change in nature led to?

existential questions how do we define life? how do we decide if a person is dead or still alive?

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what does technology allow us to do with changes in nature?

take those questions and apply it on a farther scale

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technology has led to what kind of acts?

acts with rapid and white ranging ramifications for the international system

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examples of technology that had rapid ramifications

electric power internet printing

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technology is

a game changer

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technology as a game changer

changer of operations of the international system a provider of advantage to different actors in the international system

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technology is a source of what?

of risks, issues, or problems for the global community

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since technology is rapid, what can it become?

obsolete

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identified patterns

advances in scientific knowledge and technological capability that heighten issues, risks, and uncertainties to which they have given rise

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technology

any application of organized technical knowledge about the natural world for a practical purpose, or the capacity to develop and use such knowledge

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knowledge can equal

authority and power

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competing narratives of knowledge

challenge, lead to skepticism, and can have positive or negative effects

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imperial and colonial use of science and tech

helped control and administration over distant territories

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examples of negative technological impacts

pollution environmental and resource degradation consumerist and capitalist culture cyberwarfare excessive surveillance disparate distribution

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the human ability to produce and store info can be seen as what?

a positive hallmark of science and technology

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surveillance can be

good and bad security increased vs liberty potentially impinged

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examples of positive technological impacts

artifical intelligence medical advancements transportation enhanced communication research and innovatio9n vaccines

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bottom up aka the ordinary

lifestyle adjustments to ensure safe technological use

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top down aka the elite government

formulate policy, input the management and direct the technical acumen to address ongoing international issues

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