Progressive Era

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Alice Paul

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US History

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1

Alice Paul

founder of the National Woman's Party who used militant methods to campaign for passage of the 19th Amendment

<p>founder of the National Woman&apos;s Party who used militant methods to campaign for passage of the 19th Amendment</p>
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2

Carrie Chapman Catt

(1859-1947) A suffragette who was president of the National Women's Suffrage Association, and founder of the International Woman Suffrage Alliance. Instrumental in obtaining passage of the 19th Amendment in 1920.

<p>(1859-1947) A suffragette who was president of the National Women&apos;s Suffrage Association, and founder of the International Woman Suffrage Alliance. Instrumental in obtaining passage of the 19th Amendment in 1920.</p>
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3

Ida Tarbell

reporter who exposed illegal corporate activity in A History of the Standard Oil Company (1901)

<p>reporter who exposed illegal corporate activity in A History of the Standard Oil Company (1901)</p>
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4

Jacob Riis

photojournalist who exposed the terrible conditions of New York City tenements in How the Other Half Lives (1890)

<p>photojournalist who exposed the terrible conditions of New York City tenements in How the Other Half Lives (1890)</p>
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5

Lincoln Steffens

criticized urbanization and political corruption in American cities with a series of magazine articles titled The Shame of the Cities (1904)

<p>criticized urbanization and political corruption in American cities with a series of magazine articles titled The Shame of the Cities (1904)</p>
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6

Theodore Roosevelt

26th POTUS, Republican (1901-1909) known for the Square Deal, trust-busting, environmental conservation, and creation of the Food and Drug Administration domestically, and Big Stick diplomacy, the Great White Fleet, the Roosevelt Corollary to Monroe Doctrine, and construction of the Panama Canal in foreign affairs

<p>26th POTUS, Republican (1901-1909) known for the Square Deal, trust-busting, environmental conservation, and creation of the Food and Drug Administration domestically, and Big Stick diplomacy, the Great White Fleet, the Roosevelt Corollary to Monroe Doctrine, and construction of the Panama Canal in foreign affairs</p>
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7

Upton Sinclair

author of The Jungle (1904), a novel revealing gruesome details about the meat packing industry and immigrant life in Chicago

<p>author of The Jungle (1904), a novel revealing gruesome details about the meat packing industry and immigrant life in Chicago</p>
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8

William Howard Taft

27th POTUS, Republican (1909-1913) who pledged to carry on Roosevelt's progressive program; he disappointed Roosevelt through overcautious reforms and his support for the Payne-Aldrich Tariff

<p>27th POTUS, Republican (1909-1913) who pledged to carry on Roosevelt&apos;s progressive program; he disappointed Roosevelt through overcautious reforms and his support for the Payne-Aldrich Tariff</p>
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9

Woodrow Wilson

28th POTUS, Democratic (1913-1921); known for creating the Federal Reserve, the Clayton Antitrust Act, progressive income tax, women's suffrage, and the First World War and the Paris Peace Conference

<p>28th POTUS, Democratic (1913-1921); known for creating the Federal Reserve, the Clayton Antitrust Act, progressive income tax, women&apos;s suffrage, and the First World War and the Paris Peace Conference</p>
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10

Progressive movement

aimed to restore economic opportunities and correct injustices in American life

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11

Muckrakers

Journalists who attempted to find corruption or wrongdoing in industries and expose it to the public

<p>Journalists who attempted to find corruption or wrongdoing in industries and expose it to the public</p>
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12

Trustbuster

a person working to destroy monopolies and trusts

<p>a person working to destroy monopolies and trusts</p>
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13

Square Deal

President Roosevelt's platform. 3 C's: Consumer Protection, Conservation, Control of Corporations

<p>President Roosevelt&apos;s platform. 3 C&apos;s: Consumer Protection, Conservation, Control of Corporations</p>
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14

Meat Inspection Act

1906 - Laid down binding rules for sanitary meat packing and government inspection of meat products crossing state lines.

<p>1906 - Laid down binding rules for sanitary meat packing and government inspection of meat products crossing state lines.</p>
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15

Pure Food and Drug Act

the act that prohibited the manufacture, sale, or shipment of impure of falsely labeled food and drugs

<p>the act that prohibited the manufacture, sale, or shipment of impure of falsely labeled food and drugs</p>
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16

Conservation

Protecting and preserving natural resources and the environment

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17

Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire

(1911) 146 women killed while locked into the burning building (brought attention to poor working conditions)

<p>(1911) 146 women killed while locked into the burning building (brought attention to poor working conditions)</p>
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18

Federal Reserve Act

a 1913 law that set up a system of federal banks and gave government the power to control the money supply

<p>a 1913 law that set up a system of federal banks and gave government the power to control the money supply</p>
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19

Sixteenth Amendment

Amendment to the U.S. Constitution that authorized Congress to enact a national income tax.

<p>Amendment to the U.S. Constitution that authorized Congress to enact a national income tax.</p>
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20

Seventeenth Amendment

1913 constitutional amendment allowing American voters to directly elect US senators

<p>1913 constitutional amendment allowing American voters to directly elect US senators</p>
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21

Eighteenth Amendment

Prohibited the manufacture, sale, and distribution of alcoholic beverages

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22

Suffrage

the right to vote

<p>the right to vote</p>
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23

Nineteenth Amendment

1920 constitutional amendment guaranteeing women the right to vote

<p>1920 constitutional amendment guaranteeing women the right to vote</p>
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24

Social Darwinism

belief in the "survival of the fittest" human societies as a justification for imperialism and capitalism

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25

Jim Crow laws

Laws designed to enforce segregation of Black people from White people.

<p>Laws designed to enforce segregation of Black people from White people.</p>
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26

Booker T. Washington

progressive African American leader who supported segregation; urged blacks to acquire useful labor skills and prove their economic value to society in order to achieve racial equality; founded the Tuskegee Institute

<p>progressive African American leader who supported segregation; urged blacks to acquire useful labor skills and prove their economic value to society in order to achieve racial equality; founded the Tuskegee Institute</p>
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27

W.E.B. DuBois

first African American to receive a doctorate from Harvard; opposed Booker T. Washington calling for social and political integration and higher education for African Americans; led the Niagara Movement and was a founder of the NAACP

<p>first African American to receive a doctorate from Harvard; opposed Booker T. Washington calling for social and political integration and higher education for African Americans; led the Niagara Movement and was a founder of the NAACP</p>
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28

Ida B. Wells

African-American journalist who published statistics on lynching and fought for anti-lynching laws and was a founder of the NAACP

<p>African-American journalist who published statistics on lynching and fought for anti-lynching laws and was a founder of the NAACP</p>
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29

Initiative, Referendum, and Recall

Government and voting processes that gave ordinary people more power in the government.

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