ARTH 121 - Unit 10 - Late 20th and 21st Century Art

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54 Terms

1

contemporary art

art produced today

exact starting point of this genre is still debated

considered to start in the late 1960s or early 1970s (end of modern art)

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2

joseph beuys

social sculpture

created the concept of the world being an artwork itself

  • all of us contributing to building the world become artists towards that idea that everyone can be an artist

he was a performance artist

one of his most famous pieces was how to explain pictures to a dead hare

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3

social sculpture

comes from Joseph Beuys

a social organism as a work of art - every human being is an artist

creating of the world being an artwork itself

everyone is an artist

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4

7000 oaks

City Forestation Instead of City Administration

Joseph Beuys - 1982

notable work when we look at social sculpture

as part of a public art program and project, he planted 7000 trees, each with its own stone marker

him as an artist is working to make the world a better place by planting these trees

<p>City Forestation Instead of City Administration</p><p>Joseph Beuys - 1982</p><p>notable work when we look at social sculpture</p><p>as part of a public art program and project, he planted 7000 trees, each with its own stone marker</p><p>him as an artist is working to make the world a better place by planting these trees</p>
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5

Joseph Beuys (1982)

Artist?

<p>Artist?</p>
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6

relational aesthetics

a set of artistic practices which take as their theoretical and practical point of departure the whole of human relations and their social context, rather than an independent and private space

aesthetics that comes about through relations between people, rather than art that comes about by an individual looking at a work of art created by another individual without there being any relation between those two

becomes an experiential event

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the artist is present

Marina Abramovic - 2010

most influential work of relational aesthetics lately

performance by the artist where she would sit in the gallery wordlessly across from a participant and they would just look at it

<p>Marina Abramovic - 2010</p><p>most influential work of relational aesthetics lately</p><p>performance by the artist where she would sit in the gallery wordlessly across from a participant and they would just look at it</p>
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8

Marina Abramovic

Artist?

<p>Artist?</p>
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9

Tomorrow is the Question

Rirkrit Tiravanija - 2019

after Julius Koller

relational aesthetic

installation of tennis tables

encouraged people to play table tennis with each other

continued the artistic idea (since he wasn’t the first to do it)

<p><span>Rirkrit Tiravanija</span> - 2019</p><p>after Julius Koller</p><p>relational aesthetic</p><p>installation of tennis tables</p><p>encouraged people to play table tennis with each other</p><p>continued the artistic idea (since he wasn’t the first to do it)</p>
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10

Rirkrit Tiravanija

artist?

<p>artist?</p>
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11

socially engaged practice

social practice or socially engaged art

include any artform, which involves people and communities in debate, collaboration or social interaction

organized as the result of an outreach or education program, but many independent artists also use it within their work

going back to the concept of social sculpture

idea of bettering the communities we belong in

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Artist-run centres

enabled people who felt outside of the art world (either in Canada or outside one of the major centres in Canada) to form these collectives of artists

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Aka

Artist-run centre

bring together artists and the community practice

Saskatoon

<p>Artist-run centre</p><p>bring together artists and the community practice</p><p>Saskatoon</p>
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paved arts

media arts run centre

created by the amalgamation of Saskatoon’s first video art centre and Saskatoon’s photography collective

<p>media arts run centre</p><p>created by the amalgamation of Saskatoon’s first video art centre and Saskatoon’s photography collective</p>
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15

Cindy Sherman

best known for her photographic practice

became famous for a series of photos called Untitled film stills

art where you don’t quite know what it means or what it’s getting at

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Untitled Film Still

Cindy Sherman - 1977-80

self-portraits

creates characters - dresses up as if she’s in a movie and these are taken during the shooting of the movie

captures in film the way women in society are generally treated

this is all make-believe and it’s quite ambiguous what she’s getting at

<p>Cindy Sherman - 1977-80</p><p>self-portraits</p><p>creates characters - dresses up as if she’s in a movie and these are taken during the shooting of the movie</p><p>captures in film the way women in society are generally treated</p><p>this is all make-believe and it’s quite ambiguous what she’s getting at</p>
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Cindy Sherman (1977-80)

Artist?

<p>Artist?</p>
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Untitled (1987)

Barbara Kruger - 1987

american artist

came out of a commercial art background

embedded throughout her works is text-based artwork and commercial style photography

  • both shown in galleries but often just shown in the streets of New York where she lived

  • part of the commercial landscape of the city

<p>Barbara Kruger - 1987</p><p>american artist</p><p>came out of a commercial art background</p><p>embedded throughout her works is text-based artwork and commercial style photography</p><ul><li><p>both shown in galleries but often just shown in the streets of New York where she lived</p></li><li><p>part of the commercial landscape of the city</p></li></ul>
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Untitled (coleman skate park)

Barbara Kruger - 2017

more recent work

embedded in the fabric of New York City is her text-based questioning that make up the beliefs of New York and America in general

kind of looks like a supreme logo

<p>Barbara Kruger - 2017</p><p>more recent work</p><p>embedded in the fabric of New York City is her text-based questioning that make up the beliefs of New York and America in general</p><p>kind of looks like a supreme logo</p>
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20

Barbara Kruger (1987)

Artist?

<p>Artist?</p>
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Barbara Kruger (2017)

Artist?

<p>Artist?</p>
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22

Ways of Seeing

John Berger

art historian who wrote a book called Ways of Seeing

to be naked is to be oneself

to be nude is to be seen naked by others and yet not recognized by oneself

a nude has to be seen as an object in order to be a nude

<p>John Berger</p><p>art historian who wrote a book called Ways of Seeing</p><p>to be naked is to be oneself</p><p>to be nude is to be seen naked by others and yet not recognized by oneself</p><p>a nude has to be seen as an object in order to be a nude</p>
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John Berger

Artist?

<p>Artist?</p>
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Untitled (Basquiat)

Jean-Michael Basquiat - 1982

american painter

did not live a long life

emerged as one of the first prominent African American painters in the US

  • emerged out of the graffiti scene of the late 1970s 1980s in New York

becomes one of the best-known American artists of the late 20th century

<p>Jean-Michael Basquiat - 1982</p><p>american painter</p><p>did not live a long life</p><p>emerged as one of the first prominent African American painters in the US</p><ul><li><p>emerged out of the graffiti scene of the late 1970s 1980s in New York</p></li></ul><p>becomes one of the best-known American artists of the late 20th century</p>
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Jean-Michel Basquiat (1982)

Artist?

<p>Artist?</p>
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Red Kings

Jean-Michel Basquiat - 1981

another one of his works

seen in season 2 Luke Cage

<p>Jean-Michel Basquiat - 1981</p><p>another one of his works </p><p>seen in season 2 Luke Cage</p>
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Jean-Michel Basquiat (1981)

Artist?

<p>Artist?</p>
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A pole of crowns for Kean-Michel Basquiat

Keith Haring - 1988

friend and artist collaborator to Basquiat

created this artwork as a tribute to Basquiat referencing his painting Red Kings with the cowns

came out of that same graffiti era in New York and rose to prominence with an art style that played off popular culture

<p>Keith Haring - 1988</p><p>friend and artist collaborator to Basquiat</p><p>created this artwork as a tribute to Basquiat referencing his painting Red Kings with the cowns</p><p>came out of that same graffiti era in New York and rose to prominence with an art style that played off popular culture</p>
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Keith Haring (1988)

Artist?

<p>Artist?</p>
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30

Unfinished Painting

Keith Haring - 1989

he died during the AIDS crisis during the late 80s and 90s

knew he was going to die and he intentionally set out to create an unfinished painting speaking about how his life itself was being cut short

<p>Keith Haring - 1989</p><p>he died during the AIDS crisis during the late 80s and 90s</p><p>knew he was going to die and he intentionally set out to create an unfinished painting speaking about how his life itself was being cut short</p>
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Keith Haring (1989)

Artist?

<p>Artist?</p>
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32

Ai Weiwei

most influential international artist practicing right now

often called an iconoclast

  • a person who attacks cherished beliefs or institutions

more of a creator than a destroyer

dynamically synthesizing the clash between reverence for the past and the irrepressible drive toward the future

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33

Wangechi Mutu

Kenyan American artsit

one concept that underlies her work is Afrofuturism

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Afrofuturism

an aesthetic that uses the imaginative strategies of science fiction to envision alternate realities for Africa and people of African descent

i.e., Black Panther

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Forbidden Fruit Picker

Wangechi Mutu - 2015

practice emerged in collage

  • would cut apart magazines and other printed materials

  • often pornographic materials capturing African women’s bodies

<p>Wangechi Mutu - 2015</p><p>practice emerged in collage</p><ul><li><p>would cut apart magazines and other printed materials</p></li><li><p>often pornographic materials capturing African women’s bodies</p></li></ul>
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Wangechi Mutu (fruit)

Artist?

<p>Artist?</p>
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You are my sunshine

Wangechi Mutu - 2015

works on paper - collage

<p>Wangechi Mutu - 2015</p><p>works on paper - collage</p>
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Wangechi Mutu (sunshine)

Artist?

<p>Artist?</p>
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39

Wafaa Bilal

Iraqi artist

lived in the gallery for thirty days

  • paintball gun that could be remotely controlled by the internet

  • lived in constant threat of being shot by the gun

  • comment on Iraq war and the emergence of drone warfare

what actually emerged was a group of people coordinated through the message board to protect him

<p>Iraqi artist</p><p>lived in the gallery for thirty days</p><ul><li><p>paintball gun that could be remotely controlled by the internet</p></li><li><p>lived in constant threat of being shot by the gun</p></li><li><p>comment on Iraq war and the emergence of drone warfare</p></li></ul><p>what actually emerged was a group of people coordinated through the message board to protect him</p>
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Lonely Surfer Squaw

Lori Blondeau - 1997

from Saskatchewan, she’s a Soto Cree Metis woman who studied at the U of S

building upon Cindy Sherman’s practice

done a lot of work as a performance artist and photography and video capturing that performance

examining the way that Indigenous women and Indigenous women’s bodies are thought of and captured in the media

reclaiming and some ways questioning a term often used as a pejorative in the past to describe Indigenous women

<p>Lori Blondeau - 1997</p><p>from Saskatchewan, she’s a Soto Cree Metis woman who studied at the U of S </p><p>building upon Cindy Sherman’s practice</p><p>done a lot of work as a performance artist and photography and video capturing that performance</p><p>examining the way that Indigenous women and Indigenous women’s bodies are thought of and captured in the media</p><p>reclaiming and some ways questioning a term often used as a pejorative in the past to describe Indigenous women</p>
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Lori Blondeau (1997)

Artist?

<p>Artist?</p>
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Asiny Iskwew (rock woman)

Lori Blondeau - 2016

bringing attention to Indigenous sacred sites that were destroyed during the flooding of the Qu’Appelle river to create Lake Diefenbaker

<p>Lori Blondeau - 2016</p><p>bringing attention to Indigenous sacred sites that were destroyed during the flooding of the Qu’Appelle river to create Lake Diefenbaker</p>
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Lori Blondeau (2016)

Artist?

<p>Artist?</p>
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44

early plotter drawing

Vera Molnar - 1968

one of the pioneers of using computers to create artwork

plotter

  • think of a CNC or laser cuter now

  • would design algorithms to create artworks

<p>Vera Molnar - 1968</p><p>one of the pioneers of using computers to create artwork</p><p>plotter</p><ul><li><p>think of a CNC or laser cuter now</p></li><li><p>would design algorithms to create artworks</p></li></ul>
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Vera Molnar

Artist?

<p>Artist?</p>
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Artificial Realities: Coral

Refik Anadol - 2023

contemporary computer artist

superstar of AI algorithmic generated art right now

generates coral structures based on millions of pictures of actual coral structures

<p>Refik Anadol - 2023</p><p>contemporary computer artist</p><p>superstar of AI algorithmic generated art right now</p><p>generates coral structures based on millions of pictures of actual coral structures</p>
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Refik Anadol (2023)

Artist?

<p>Artist?</p>
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48

Faig Ahmed

Artwork that has come out post the digital era that’s influenced by the digital

Azerbaijani artist

looking at the traditions of carpet making from his part of the world, he works with craftspeople to create carpets that look like they’ve glitched digitally

questions the divide between the real and the virtual

<p>Artwork that has come out post the digital era that’s influenced by the digital</p><p>Azerbaijani artist</p><p>looking at the traditions of carpet making from his part of the world, he works with craftspeople to create carpets that look like they’ve glitched digitally</p><p>questions the divide between the real and the virtual</p>
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49

African Figurative Painting

genre of art that has been emerging as one of the most prominent in art markets

general move in figurative painters from African and of African descent capturing their stories and their bodies

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Black Allegiance to the Cunning

Lynette Yiadom-Boakye - 2012

UK artist

African figurative painting

portraits of imaginary black people

  • doesn’t paint portraits of real people

  • imagines these people in these scenes

<p>Lynette Yiadom-Boakye - 2012</p><p>UK artist</p><p>African figurative painting</p><p>portraits of imaginary black people</p><ul><li><p>doesn’t paint portraits of real people</p></li><li><p>imagines these people in these scenes</p></li></ul>
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Lynette Yiadom-Boakye

Artist?

<p>Artist?</p>
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The Death of Hyacinth

Kehinde Wiley - 2022

practice is highly realistic and does capture and paint real people

painting in a fashion akin to Renaissance painting

known for painting the official portrait of Obama

<p>Kehinde Wiley - 2022</p><p>practice is highly realistic and does capture and paint real people</p><p>painting in a fashion akin to Renaissance painting</p><p>known for painting the official portrait of Obama</p>
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Kehinde Wiley

Artist?

<p>Artist?</p>
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Michelle Jacques

art curator from Saskatoon

tries to make the gallery a welcoming space for people who may not feel welcome

won the Governor Generals in the Arts Award

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