International Politics S1

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Adviser

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254 Terms
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Adviser

A person who gives advice to a decision-maker

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Advocate

Someone who publicly supports and recommends a case, a cause or a policy.

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Conciliatory

Intended or likely to make something less angry or hostile

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Policy

A course or principle of action adopted or proposed by an organization or individual.

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Contain

To limit to one area; to control or to restrain

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Predict

To say or estimate that something will happen in the future or will be a consequence of something

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Human Rights

A right which is believed to belong to every person; a right viewed as basic and necessary

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Surplus

An abundance of something

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Implied

suggested but not directly expressed

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Booming Market

A market with elevated or increased growth in a short period of time

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Deficit Spending

When government spending exceeds revenue

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Foreign

Of another country

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Domestic

Of one’s own country

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Candidate

A person who applies for an election

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Alleviate

To make something less severe

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Allies

A person or organization that cooperates with or helps another in a particular activity.

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Scenario

A suggested sequence or development of events.

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High Stakes

A situation that has a lot of risk and in which someone is likely to either get or lose an advantage, a lot of money, etc.

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Aid

Help, often practical.

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Ethics

Moral principles that govern a person's behavior or the conducting of an activity; Moral correctness of a specified conduct.

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Quandary

A state of uncertainty over what to do in a difficult situation.

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Dilemmas

A situation in which a difficult choice has to be made between two or more alternatives, especially ones that are equally undesirable.

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Bureaucracy

A system of government in which most of the important decisions are taken by state officials rather than by elected representatives.

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NGOs

(Non Governmental Organizations) nonprofit entities independent of governmental influence

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Sanctions

a threatened penalty for disobeying a law or rule.

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Oust

expel someone from a position or a place; to take away in a matter of jurisdiction

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Repress

to subdue by force; restrain, prevent, and inhibit.

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Regime

a system or ordered way of doing things; typically governmental

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Theory

generalized explanation for a set of essentially similar phenomena

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Globalization

the connection and integration of the world through trade and technology.

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Degradation

treat or regard with contempt or disrespect.

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Ambiguity

the quality of being open to more than one interpretation

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Fundamentalism

strict adherence to the basic principles of any subject or discipline.

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Inevitable

certain to happen

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NATO

North Atlantic Treaty Organization; intergovernmental military alliance

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Assertions

a confident and forceful statement of fact or belief.

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Scrutinize

analyze in detail

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Analysis

detailed examination of the elements or structure of something.

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Skepticism

doubt as to the truth of something.

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Political Science

a social science dealing with systems of governance and power, and the analysis of political activities, political thought, political behavior, and associated constitutions and laws.

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Methodology

a system of methods used in a particular area of study or activity.

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Rhetoric

language designed to have a persuasive or impressive effect, but which is often regarded as lacking in sincerity or meaningful content.

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Macroeconomics

branch of economics that studies how an overall economy—the markets, businesses, consumers, and governments—behave

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Skew

more developed on one side or in one direction than another

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Conventional Wisdom

a generally accepted theory or belief.

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Prominent

important; most noticable

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Statistics

mathematical body of science that pertains to the collection, analysis, interpretation or explanation, and presentation of data

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Variables

something whose associated value may be changed

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Variants

a form or version of something that differs in some respect from other forms of the same thing or from a standard.

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Credible

able to be believed

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Consensus

a general agreement

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Assumption

something that you accept as true without question or proof

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Dubious

not to be relied upon; suspect.

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Supposition

a belief held without proof or certain knowledge; an assumption or hypothesis.

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Utility

the state of being useful, profitable, or beneficial.

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Plausible

seeming reasonable or possible

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Grievances

a real or imagined cause for complaint, especially unfair treatment

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Nomads

a person with no settled home, moving from place to place as a way of obtaining food, finding pasture for livestock, or otherwise making a living.

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Concession

a thing that is granted, especially in response to demands.

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“Unequal Treaties”

any of a series of treaties and agreements in which a nation was forced to concede many of its territorial and sovereignty rights; Happened a lot with China

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Atrocities

an extremely wicked or cruel act, typically one involving physical violence or injury

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Mao Zedong

formally proclaimed the founding of the People's Republic of China

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World Trade Organization

an intergovernmental organization that regulates and facilitates international trade

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Sovereign State System

independent state having a permanent population, defined territory, one government, and the capacity to enter into relations with other states

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City-States

independent sovereign city which serves as the center of political, economic, and cultural life over its contiguous territory; Florence, Milan, Venice (Renaissance time)

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Thucydides

Author of History of the Peloponnesian War; “The strong do what they can and the weak suffer what they must.”; International politics depends on distribution of power and is beyond morality

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Imbalance

lack of proportion or relation between corresponding things.

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Ambitions

goals of someone or something

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Roman Empire

Empire between Greek city-states and nation-states; Dominated international politics until 500 A.D.

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Feudal System

a vassal received a piece of land in return for serving a lord or king, especially during times of war; System of hierarchy

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Church of Rome

High political and religious power in Europe; led by the Pope; controled aspects of daily life for people

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Westphalian System

System which codified the basis for sovereign states; a state has complete control over their land; After the Thirty Years War (1618-1648).

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Thirty Years War

Series of religious wars in 1618-1648; fought in phases; war between Catholics and Protestants; ended with the Treaty of Westphalia and started the Westphalian System.

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Illegitimate

not authorized by the law; not in accordance with accepted standards or rules.

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Consolidation

the action or process of combining a number of things into a single more effective or coherent whole; often related to power.

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Interference

intervene in a situation without invitation or necessity

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Pluralism

the presence of a number of competing actors or ideas

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Segmented

divided into parts

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Trait

a distinguishing quality or characteristic

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Recognition

the acceptance by the international community of a stat’s sovereignty over its territory

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Balance of Power

A system in which no state is allowed to become powerful enough to defeat the others; power is adequately distributed

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Anarchy

the absence of a higher political authority over states; not chaos

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Prudence

cautiousness, care, etc.

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Policy

a course or principle of action adopted or proposed by an organization or individual

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