Poetry Unit Vocab

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Onomatopoeia

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Tags and Description

English

12th

Bob's Poe-a-tree Unit

46 Terms

1

Onomatopoeia

using words that imitate the sound they denote

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2

Vowels

a, e, i, o, u, sometimes w, y

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3

Semivowels

f, h, j, l, m, n, r, s, v, w, c, g, z - contributes to a euphonious sound

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4

Mutes

k, p, t, b, d, q, c - contributes to a cacophonous sound

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5

Alliteration

repetition of initial consonant sounds

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6

Assonance

repetition of vowel sounds

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7

Consonance

repetition of consonant sounds

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8

Euphony

a pleasing sound through a harmonious combination of words

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9

Cacophony

a harsh sound through a discordant mixture of sounds

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10

Explosive

a mute followed by a vowel

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11

Liquid Consonants

l, m, n, r - contributes to a euphonious sound

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12

Prosody

the metrical composition of a poem

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13

Scansion

the action of scanning a line of verse to determine its rhythm

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14

Metrical Lines

collections of syllables with a particular emphasis

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15

Iambic

a metrical foot consisting of one unstressed syllable followed by one stressed syllable

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16

Trochee

a metrical foot consisting of one long or stressed syllable followed by one short or unstressed syllable

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17

Dactyl

a metrical foot consisting of one stressed syllable followed by two unstressed syllables

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18

Anapest

a metrical foot consisting of two short or unstressed syllables followed by one long or stressed syllable

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19

Spondee

a foot consisting of two long (or stressed) syllables

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20

Caesura

a break between words within a metrical foot

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21

Iambic Pentameter

a line of verse with five metrical feet, each consisting of an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable

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22

Longer Line Effect

A feeling of epicness,

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23

Shorter Line Effect

A feeling of excitement and agitation

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24

True Rhyme

Rhymes on the final syllable (Can be masculine - ends with stressed syllable, or feminine - ends with unstressed syllable)

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25

Slant Rhyme

Similar but not identical vowel/consonant sounds that rhyme

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26

Blank Verse

A verse without rhyme (Overall meter is iambic pentameter)

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27

Enjambment

The continuation of a sentence without a pause beyond the end of a line, couplet, or stanza

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28

Self-enclosed

A line with punctuation at the end, stopping the reader before they move on to the next line

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29

Couplet

A pair of successive rhyming lines

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30

Tercet

A triplet of successive rhyming lines

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31

Quatrain

A quadruplet of successive rhyming lines

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32

English (Shakesperean) Sonnet

A sonnet that usually uses iambic pentameter, and has no octave/sestet structure to it. The final couplet is the defining feature. Usually as the following rhyme scheme (ababcdcdefef gg)

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33

Italian (Petrarchan) Sonnet

A sonnet that usually uses iambic pentameter, and has an octave of eight lines followed by a sestet of six. Possible rhyme schemes include: ababcdcd cdecde abbaabba cddcee

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34

Free Verse

Poetry that doesn't use a strict rhyme scheme or meter

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35

Connotation

The meaning behind a word - beyond its literal meaning

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36

Denotation

The literal meaning of a word

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37

Imagery

Elements of a poem that invoke any of the 5 senses

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38

Figurative Language

Non-literal language: metaphor, simile, hyperbole etc.

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39

Simile

A comparison between two objects using "as" or "like"

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40

Metaphor

A comparison between two objects by describing them as being the same as each other (no like/as)

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41

Personification

A figure of speech in which the poet describes an non-living object as having human features

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42

Allusion

A brief, intentional reference to a historical, mythic, or literary person, place, event, or movement

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43

Metonymy

A figure of speech in which a related term is substituted for the word itself. (ex: Referring to the President and their administration as "The White House")

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44

Synecdoche

A figure of speech in which a part of something stands for the whole. (ex: “I've got wheels” for “I have a car,”)

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45

Apostrophe

An address to a dead or absent person, or personification as if he or she were present

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46

Form

the physical structure of the poem: the length of the lines, their rhythms, their system of rhymes and repetition - ALL POEMS HAVE THIS!

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