Topic 5 Lesson 3

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otto von bismarck

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otto von bismarck

worked briefly as a civil servant before his career in government. He served as a diplomat to the German Federation, and he became chancellor of the German Empire in 1871, a position he held for 19 years.

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chancellor

the highest official of a monarch, prime minister

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realpolitik

realistic politics based on the needs of the state

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annex

add a territory to an existing state or country

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kaiser

emperor of Germany

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reich

German empire

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kulturkampf

Bismarck's "battle for civilization," intended to make Catholics put loyalty to the state above their allegiance to the Church

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william ii

the last German emperor and king of Prussia. He ruled the German empire and the kingdom of Prussia from 1888 to 1918. He led Germany into World War I. An ineffective military leader, he lost the support of his army and fled to exile in the Netherlands in November 1918.

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social welfare

programs provided by the state for the benefit of its citizens

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