17.1-17.2 Bio Quiz

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Evolution

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28 Terms

1

Evolution

The changing of organisms and life over time

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2

Fossils

Preserved remains or traces of ancient organisms

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3

Artificial selection

Selective breeding where nature provides the inherited variations

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4

Which two geologists proposed important hypotheses about Earth changing?

James Hutton and Charles Lyell

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5

What did Hutton and Lyell conclude that was previously debated on?

That the earth was extremely old.

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6

What was Hutton’s concept called?

Deep time

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7

What was Lyell’s way of thinking called?

Uniformitarianism

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8

Define uniformitarianism.

The geological processes we see today are the same processes that shaped earth years ago.

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9

Who suggested that individual organisms could change during their lifetimes by selectively using or not using parts of their bodies?

Jean-Baptiste Lamarck

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10

Who reasoned that if the human population grew unchecked, there wouldn’t be enough living space and food for everyone?

Thomas Malthus

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11

What was the ship that Darwin sailed on?

The HMS Beagle

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12

Why was Darwin on the Beagle?

He was invited to keep the captain company.

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13

Who developed a theory of biological evolution that offered a scientific explanation for the unity and diversity of life?

Charles Darwin

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14

What were Darwin’s observations from the voyage?

Species vary globally, locally and over time

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15

What did Darwin notice about habitats around the globe?

That different, yet ecologically similar, species inhabited separated, but ecologically similar, habitats around the globe.

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16

Define creationism.

The church’s belief that God made everything

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17

Define epigenetics.

Some genes can be changed and passed on.

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18

What did Malthus think human population was limited by?

War, famine & disease.

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19

What did Darwin notice about species within local areas?

That different, yet related, species often occupied different habitats within a local area.

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20

Where did Darwin explore different species?

The Galapagos islands

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21

What were some species Darwin studied?

Finches, tortoises, and mockingbirds.

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22

What did Darwin note about fossils?

That the fossil record included many extinct animals that were similar to, yet different from, living species.

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23

What are some examples of things evolutionary theory helped us understand?

Emergence of drug resistant bacteria or influenza

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24

What three species of birds found globally are similar?

Rhea, Emu & Ostrich

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25

Who’s theory was it that population grows faster than food supply?

It was Malthus’ theory.

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26

What is differential reproductive success?

Many die and only a few survive and reproduce.

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27

What kind of animal did Darwin experiment with and make “fancy unusual versions” of?

Pigeons

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28

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