9th Grade Biology Prefixes, Suffixes, and Roots

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80 Terms

1

a-, an-

not, without

ex) abiotic, anaerobic, anemia

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2

alt-, alto-

high, elevated

ex) altitude, alto saxophone

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3

aero-

air, oxygen

ex) aerobic

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4

anti-, ant-

opposite

ex) anti-inflammatory, antiseptic

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5

anthro-

human

ex) anthropology

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6

aq-, aqua-, hydro-

water

ex) aquatic, hydration

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7

arthro-

joint, jointed

ex) arthritis

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8

-ation

action

ex) vocalization, migration

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9

auto-

self

ex) automatic, automobile

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10

avi-, ave-, orno-

bird, related to flying

ex) aviation, aviary, ornithology

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11

bacterio-, -bacter

related to bacteria

ex) bacteriological, campylobacter

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12

bi-, di-

two, double

ex) bicycle, diurnal

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13

bio-

life, living

ex) biology, biotic, biosphere

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14

calor-

energy, especially because or from food

ex) calorie, caloric

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15

carcin-

cancer

ex) carcinogenic (cancer causing)

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16

cardi-

heart

ex) cardiac arrest, cardiovascular

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17

centri-

center

ex) centralized, heliocentric

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18

chemo-

relating to chemicals

ex) chemotherapy, chemistry, chemical

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19

chron-

time

ex) chronological, chronicle

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20

chloro-

green

ex) chlorophyll

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21

-cide

kill, death

ex) homicide, herbicide

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22

co-

with

ex) codominant, collaborate

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23

con-, com-

together

ex) compress, converge, combine

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24

cyto-, -cyte

cell, cellular

ex) cytoplasm, cytoskeleton

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25

derm-

skin

ex) dermatology, epidermis

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26

deut-, deutero

second, two

ex) deuterostome, deuterium

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27

dis, dys, dif

apart, separate

ex) dismiss, different, disperse

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28

dyna-

power

ex) dynamite, dynamic, dynamo

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29

ect-, ecto-

outside

ex) ectomorph, ectoplasm

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30

electro-

electricity, current

ex) electronic, electricity

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31

endo-

in, into

ex) endoscope, endotoxin

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32

epi-

above, on top

ex) epicenter, epidemic

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33

equi-

equal

ex) equilibrium, equator

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34

e-, ex-, exo-

out, away, out of

ex) emit, exhale, exit, expel

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35

gastro-

stomach

ex) gastrointestinal

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36

glyco-

sugar

ex) glycolysis

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37

gen-, genesis, -genic

origin of

ex) carcinogenic, genetic, genes

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38

-graph

write, illustrate

ex) graph, seismograph, photograph

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39

heli-

spiral

ex) helicopter, helix

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40

helio-

sun

ex) heliograph, helium, heliocentric

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41

hema-, hemo-

blood

ex) hematologist, hematoma

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42

hemi-, semi-

half, partial

ex) hemisphere, semicircle

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43

herb-, phyto-

relating to plants

ex) herbicide, phytochemical

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44

hetero-

different

ex) heterogynous, heterosexual, heterozygous

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45

hyper-

over, exaggerated

ex) hypertonic, hyperventilate, hyperactive

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46

hypo-

under, less then

ex) hypothermia, hypotonic, hypodermic

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47

-ia

condition (especially long lasting)

ex) dyslexia, hypotonia, schizophrenia

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48

inter-

between

ex) interphase, intercept

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49

intra-

among or within

ex) intracellular

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50

iso-, homo-

same

ex) isotonic, homozygous, homogeneous

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51

-itis

inflammation, swelling

ex) bronchitis, arthritis

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52

lys-, -lysis

split, separate

ex) cytosis, paralysis

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53

macro-

large

ex) macroscopic

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54

meta-

change, after

ex) metabolism, metastasis

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55

-meter

measuring tool

ex) thermometer, meter, barometer

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56

micro-

small

ex) microscope, micrometer

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57

mono-, uni-

one, single

ex) monotheism, unicorn, unicellular, monomer

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58

mort-

death

ex) mortal, mortician

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59

morph-

form

ex) ectomorph, morphology

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60

myco-

fungus

ex) mycology

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61

nano-

extremely small

ex) nanoparticle, nanometer

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62

neo-

new, young

ex) neolithic, neosphere

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63

neuro-

relating to nerves or neurons

ex) neurons, neurosurgeon

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64

-ology

the study of

ex) biology, cardiology, homology, oncology

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65

-opt, -pter

wing

ex) helicopter

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66

-ose

sugar

ex) glucose

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67

ov-, ova

egg

ex) oviduct, ovation

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68

ox-, oxy-

oxygen

ex) hypoxia, oxygen

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69

paleo-, archae-

old

ex) paleontology, archaeology

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70

-pathy

disease

ex) neuropathy, telepathy

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71

-phage

eat, consume

ex) phagocyte, bacteriophage

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72

phil-, -phile

like, love

ex) philanthropy, hydrophile

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73

phobe

fear, afraid of

ex) claustrophobic, hydrophobic

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74

-phoresis

to carry, or move across

ex) electrophoresis

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75

photo-

sun, light

ex) photograph, photosynthesis

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76

-plasm

gel

ex) cytoplasm

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77

pneumo-

air, gas

ex) pneumonia

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78

-pod

foot

ex) gastropod

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79

poly-, multi-

many

ex) polymer, polygon, multiple

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80

-port

move

ex) import, export, passport

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