TUS MAMAS ᕦ(▀̿ ̿ -▀̿ ̿ )つ︻デ═一

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Culture:

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Tags and Description

40 Terms

1

Culture:

all of a group's learned behaviors,actions, beliefs, and objects are a part of this

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2

Cultural traits:

The specific customs that are part of the everyday life of a particular culture, such as language, religion, ethnicity, social institutions

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3

Taboo:

behaviors heavily discouraged by a culture

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4

Traditional/Folk culture:

beliefs, values and practices that are passed down through generations and generally resistant to rapid changes

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5

Global/Popular culture:

cultural traits that spread quickly over a large area and are adopted by various groups around the world

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6

Cultural landscape:

the modification of the environment by a group and is a visible reflection of that groups cultural beliefs and values

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7

Material culture:

cultural objects that consist of tangible things or those that can be experienced by the senses

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8

Artifacts:

an object made by human beings

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9

Mentifacts:

intangible concepts or those not having a physical presence

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10

Nonmaterial culture:

Anything on the landscape that comprises culture that cannot be physically touched

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11

Sociofacts:

ways people organize their society and relate to one another

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12

Traditional architecture:

a style that reflects a local cultures history, beliefs, values and community adaptations

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13

Post modern architecture:

developed after the 1960s that focuses on high rise construction and large amounts of steel and glass

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14

Cultural realms:

several regions that have a few traits that they all share

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15

Sequent occupancy:

The notion that successive societies leave their cultural imprints on a place, each contributing to the cumulative cultural landscape.

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16

Culture hearth

where a religion or ethnicity began

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17

Ethnicity:

membership in a group of people who share characteristics such as ancestry, language, customs, history and common experiences

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18

Centripetal forces:

those that unify a group of people or region

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19

Centrifugal forces:

those that divide a group of people or a region

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20

Ethnocentrism:

people who believe that their own cultural group is more important and superior to other cultures

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21

Cultural relativism:

the concept that a persons or groups beliefs, values, norms and practices should be understood from the perspective of the other groups culture

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22

Cultural appropriation:

the action of adopting traits, icons, or other elements of another culture

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23

Diffusion

the spread of information, ideas, behaviors and other aspects of culture from their hearths to wider areas

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24

Relocation diffusion:

the spread of culture and or cultural traits by people who migrate and carry their cultural traits with them

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25

Expansion diffusion

the spread of cultural traits outward through exchange without migration

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26

Contagious diffusion:

when a cultural trait spreads continuously outward from its hearth through contact among people

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27

Hierarchical diffusion

the spread of culture outward from the most interconnected places or from centers of wealth and influences

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28

Stimulus diffusion:

when an underlying idea from a cultural hearth is adopted by another culture but the adopting group modifies or rejects one trait

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29

Lingua franca:

a common language used by people who do not share the same native language

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30

Pidgin language

when speakers of two different languages have extensive contact with each other, often because of trade, they sometimes develop this

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31

Creole language

when two or more languages mix and develop a more formal structure and vocabulary so that they are no longer a pidgin language

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32

Social constructs

Ideas, concepts or perceptions that have been created and accepted by people in a society or social group and are not created by nature

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33

Time space convergence

the greater interconnection between places that results from improvements in transportation

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34

Cultural convergence

cultures becoming similar to each other and sharing more cultural traits, ideas and beliefs

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35

Cultural divergence

the idea that culture may change over time as the elements of distance, time, physical separation and modern technology create divisions and changes

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36

Indo European language family

a large group of languages that might have descended from a language spoken around 6,000 years ago

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37

Romance languages

Portuguese, Spanish, French, Italian and Romanian

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38

Isoglosses

the boundaries between variations in pronunciations or word usages

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39

Dialects

variations in accent, grammar, usage and spelling

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40

Official language

designated by the law to be the language of the government

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