chapter 5 flashcards (MAIN ONES)

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macromolecule

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65 Terms

1

macromolecule

a giant molecule (molecule = multiple elements), one which contains a large number of covalently connected atoms

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2

amino acids lipids carbohydrates nucleic acids

four types of macromolecules (A, L, C, N)

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3

polymer

a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical building blocks LINKED BY COVALENT BONDS

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4

monomers

polymers are made up of smaller units called __________

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5

condensation dehydration

monomers are connected to make macromolecules through a c________ or d__________ reaction

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6

condensation reaction

a reaction in which two molecules combine to form one molecule through the loss of a small molecule (use the one that starts with C)

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7

hydrolysis

when polymers are broken up/digested to monomers, this process is known as

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8

monosaccharides

GLad i have GAllons of RIpe FRUit juice helps you remember...

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9

glucose galactose ribose fructose

name the monosaccharides in order of the saying used to remember them (glad...)

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10

maltose

glucose + glucose =

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11

lactose

glucose + galactose =

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12

sucrose

glucose + fructose =

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13

disaccharides

DIana wants to SUCk on a MALT but can't bc shes LACTOSE intolerant helps you remember the

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14

sucrose maltose lactose

name the disaccharides in order of the saying used to remember them (diana...)

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15

monosaccharide disaccharide polysaccharide

three types of carbohydrates? (m d p)

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16

71

if you join 72 monosaccharides together to create a polysaccharide you get ho wmany water molecules?

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17

5419

if we break apart a polymer of sugar that is 5420 molecules, how many water molecules do we need to break it apart?

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18

polysaccharides

poly lives in a cell with her kitten, eats starch which she stores as glycogen helps you remember what

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19

cellulose chitin glycogen starch

name the polysaccharides (ce, ch, g, s)

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20

hydrophobic

what is the one trait that all lipids have in common? they are __________

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21

glycogen

What is the polysaccharide used by animals to store glucose?

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22

chitin

Which polysaccharide makes up the exoskeleton of insects?

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23

fructose

Which monosaccharide is the sweetest?

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24

ose

Sugars all end with what three letter ending?

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25

carbohydrates

___________ are the main source of energy for the body

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26

monosaccharides

What is the monomer of carbohydrates?

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27

fats phospholipids steroids

name the types of lipids (f, p, s)

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28

no

is glycerol a lipid?

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29

glycerol fatty acids

fats are made up of g________ and f______ a_______

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30

ester

fats are made when 3 fatty acids bond to glycerol through a dehydration reaction and form an _______ linkage

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31

pig

remember ester the wonder ______ because these animals have a lot of at

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32

3

how many fatty acids in fat?

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33

2

how many fatty acids in phospholipids?

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34

phospholipids

what is a major component of the plasma membrane (also known as the phospholipid bilayer)

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35

steroids

what are lipids characterized by a carbon skeleton consisting of 4 fused rings?

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36

proteins

what is used for structural support, storage, transport of other substances, signaling, movement, defense against foreign substances, and enzyme activity

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37

primary structure

the linear sequence of amino acids in a peptide/protein

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38

secondary structure

the three dimensional form of local segments of protein

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39

tertiary structure

the overall three dimensional strcture resulting from folding and covalent cross linking of a protein

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40

quaternary structure

the association of 2 or more polypeptide chains into a multisubunit or oligomeric protein

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41

done folding

tertiary structure: still folding or done folding?

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42

nucleic acids

what is made up of monomers called nucleotides?

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43

adenine guanine

the purines are __________ and ___________ (AG)

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44

cytosine uracil thymine

the pyrimidines are _________, ____________, and _________ (CUT)

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45

1

ribose sugar contains _ (number) more oxygen atom

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46

sugar

anything that is a hexagon or pentagon is probably a _______

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47

fat

a long hydrocarbon chain is probably going to be a ____

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48

amino acid

n and 2 h's is probably a(n)...

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49

DNA RNA

what are the 2 types of nucleic acids? ___ and ___

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50

cytosine thymine adenine guanine

nucleic acids, DNA, bases... name them (C T A G)

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51

purine

if it's a double ring...

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52

deoxyribose

sugar that is DNA

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53

phosphodiester

nucleotides are joined by covalent bonds called ____________ linkages

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54

2

how many bonds between A and T?

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55

3

how many bonds between G and C? (rhyme)

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56

T

in DNA, A codes for

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57

C

in DNA, G codes for

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58

U

in RNA, A codes for

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59

G

in RNA, C codes for

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60

cytosine uracil adenine guanine

nucleic acids... Rna... bases (C U A G)

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61

ribose

sugar that is RNA

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62

glycosidic

sugar bond

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63

ester

fat bond

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64

peptide

protein bond

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65

hydrogen

what bond is in between the nitrogenous bases?

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