Chapter 13 - Mendelian Genetics and Probability 

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protein synthesis

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17 Terms

1

protein synthesis

During ________, information is transported inside an organism from the nucleus to the ribosome.

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2

Circles

________ are often used to symbolize ladies, whereas squares are used to represent males.

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3

DNA

________ and RNA employ a genetic code that all living species share.

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4

heterozygous carriers

Because the parents are ________ of the trait, recessive characteristics are frequently displayed in kids but not in either parent.

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5

Males

________ are more likely than females to have sex- linked recessive characteristics.

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6

Math

________ is your friend when it comes to solving dihybrid crosses.

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7

Information

________ is passed down from generation to generation by inherited units of chemical ________ known as genes.

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8

rules of segregation

Mendel's ________ and independent assortment describe how genetic information is passed down from generation to generation.

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9

transmission of genetic information

The ________ is an important function in living organisms.

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10

pedigree

A(n) ________ is a chart that shows how a trait is passed down across generations.

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11

transduction

Through the processes of conjugation, transformation, or ________, information can be passed across individuals of the same generation.

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12

inheritance pattern

Examining the ________ of a characteristic presented in a pedigree can provide information about the trait's likely mode of inheritance.

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13

gamete

Each ________ receives one variant (or allele) for a characteristic.

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14

Recessive

________- requires two copies of the allele for the trait to be expressed in the phenotype; heterozygous organisms do not exhibit recessive characteristics.

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15

dihybrid cross

A(n) ________ examines the outcome of crossing two organisms (both heterozygous for the same two characteristics)

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16

DNA

________ and RNA are the bearers of this genetic information in all circumstances.

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17

DNA

All forms of life have ________, RNA, and ribosomes.

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