Module 4 Review

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obstetrician

a physician who specializes in providing medical care to women during pregnancy, childbirth, and immediately thereafter

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gynocologist

specialist who studies and treats diseases of women

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breast cancer genes

BRCA1 and BRCA2

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HRT (hormone replacement therapy)

Replacement of hormones to treat menopausal symptoms

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hyperemesis gravidarum

severe nausea and vomiting in pregnancy that can cause severe dehydration in the mother and fetus

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gestational diabetes

a form of diabetes mellitus that occurs during some pregnancies

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amniocentesis

the sampling of amniotic fluid using a hollow needle inserted into the uterus, to screen for chromosomal abnormalities and genetic birth defects

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chorionic villus sampling (CVS)

A technique for diagnosing genetic and congenital defects in a fetus by removing and analyzing a sample of the fetal portion of the placenta

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ectopic pregnancy

implantation of the fertilized egg in any site other than the normal uterine location

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premature infant

infant born before completing 37 weeks of gestation

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full term infant

baby born with gestational age between 37 and 42 weeks

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Post term infant

Defined as a newborn who is born after the completion of 42 weeks of gestation

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nuchal cord

Umbilical cord around the fetal neck.

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episiotomy

surgical incision of the perineum to enlarge the vagina and so facilitate delivery during childbirth

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lochia

vaginal discharge after childbirth

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effacement

thinning of the cervix during labor

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Dialation

widening, stretching, expanding

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Ovary

produces eggs

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fallopian tubes

tubes which carry eggs from the ovaries to the uterus and which provides the place where fertilization occurs

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Uterus

Female organ of reproduction used to house the developing fetus.

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cervix

The opening to the uterus

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Pap smear test

examination of cervical cells

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vagina

Female organ of intercourse; birth canal

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salping/o

fallopian tube

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hyster/o

uterus, womb

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ligat-

to tie up

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tubal ligation

a surgical sterilization procedure in which the fallopian tubes are sealed or cut to prevent sperm from reaching a mature ovum

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IUD

intrauterine device; contraceptive

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vasectomy

removal of a segment of the vas deferens to produce sterility in the male

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mast-

breast

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mamm-

mammary glands

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men/o

menses, menstruation

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-rrhagia, -rrhage

bleeding, abnormal excessive fluid discharge

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endo-

within, inner

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metr-

uterus or womb

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perineum

in females, the area between the anus and the vagina; diamond-shaped region between the thighs

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vulva

external female genitalia; includes the labia, hymen, clitoris, and vaginal orifice

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parenun/o

sexual intercourse

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multi-

many, much

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-para

to bring forth

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-gravida

pregnant woman

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hydramnios

excessive amniotic fluid; also termed polyhydramnios

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PSA

prostate-specific antigen

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DRE

digital rectal examination

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rectal exam

internal examination of the rectum

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prostate gland

A gland in males that contributes to the seminal fluid.

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TURP

transurethral resection of the prostate

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trans-

across, through

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impotence

erectile dysfunction

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epididymitis

inflammation of the epididymis

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prepuce

foreskin; loose casing that covers the glans penis; removed by circumcision

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hypospadias

abnormal congenital opening of the male urethra on the undersurface of the penis

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priapism

persistent and painful erection

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epispadias

congenital defect in which the urinary meatus is located on the upper surface of the penis

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-genesis

beginning; origin

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-plasia

development, formation, growth

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crytorchidism

undescended testes

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hydrocele

scrotal swelling caused by a collection of fluid

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testicular torsion

twisting of the spermatic cord causing decreased blood flow to the testis

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Testes

male gonads; singular form testis

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orchid/o

testes

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UTI

urinary tract infection

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EWSL

extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy; sound waves on the outside of the body

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diruretic

drug that promotes the excretion of urine

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CKD

chronic kidney disease

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CRF

chronic renal failure

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Pyle/o

renal pelvis

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nephr/o

kidney; nephron

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calculi

small stones; plural form: calculus

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Urinary incontinence (UI)

inability to control urination

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urologist

physician who studies and treats diseases of the urinary tract

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dysuria

painful urination

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hemouria

blood in the urine

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void

to evacuate urine or feces

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micturate

act of passing urine

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KUB

kidney, ureter, bladder

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nephrology

study of the kidney

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urology

study of the urinary tract

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Cytotology

study of cells

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IVP

intravenous pyelogram

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kidney

nephr/o, ren/o

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urin-

urine

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cysto

bladder

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-scopy/-scopic

look, observe

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enuresis

bed wetting

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nocturia

excessive urination at night

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nephrologist

physician who studies and treats diseases of the kidney

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