READING AND WRITING 11 SY 2022-23 1QRT

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Developmental Reading Pleasure Reading Functional Reading Remedial Reading

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Developmental Reading Pleasure Reading Functional Reading Remedial Reading

Types of Reading

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Developmental Reading

A systematic instruction which aims to develop the student’s reading skills including reading comprehension

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Pleasure Reading

Reading for leisure & enjoyment

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Functional Reading

Designed to help students learn basic functional reading ability

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Remedial Reading

Aims to correct improper reading style

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Reading Process

A complex cognitive process

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Pre-reading stage While reading stage Post reading stage

Stages of Reading

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Pre-reading stage

Drawing of background knowledge by looking at the title or the life of the author

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Pre-reading stage

Aims to give motivation to the reader

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Pre-reading stage

Allows the reader to look for a book they are interested in

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While reading stage

Reading the main body/theme/pilot with the aim to fully understand the meaning of the text

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Post reading stage

stage where you check for understanding of the text

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Post reading stage

during this stage the reader reflect and evaluate the literature

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Rapid Reading Previewing Literal Reading Inferential Reading Critical Reading

Different Reading Skills

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Rapid Reading

Skills used to get information in a short span of time

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Skimming

aims to get an overview of the material

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Skimming

reading skill usually done when reading newspaper, magazine books, and letters

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Skimming

reader uses fingers as a guide when reading using this skill

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first and last sentence of each paragraph

sentences a reader should focus on because they usually contain the main idea

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Locating main idea

using this skill the reader is able to identify the central message or the main point of the text

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Locating main idea

using this skill the reader is able to identify the topic or the subject of a text

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Transitional devices

words that may signal the main idea

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Scanning

used in searching for specific information

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Scanning

in using this skill the reader must focus on the information that they need, read every word, and relax their eyes to move them rapidly

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Previewing

using this skill the reader must focus on information relevant to the reader and linking the content to their background knowledge

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Browsing

includes inspecting table of contents, introduction, or summary to build background

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Literal Reading

skill used in understanding the material as it is directly stated

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Summarizing

Condensing the story to a shorter form focusing on the main idea

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Paraphrasing

Restating ideas from the original text focusing on the details

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Inferential Reading

need analyzing in order to be able to read between the lines

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Inferring Making Conclusions Generalization

skills involved in inferential reading

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Critical Reading

it is the careful examination of relevance, validity, & logic and distinguishing facts vs opinions

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Critical Reading

it is the thorough evaluation of claims stated in the text

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Critical Reading

reading skill used in research writing

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Definition Exemplification Description Chronology Listing Comparison & Contrast Classification & Division Cause & Effect Problem-Solution Persuasion

10 Patterns of Development

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Patterns of Development

refers to the logical arrangement of ideas to easily follow ideas and understand text better

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Patterns of Development

these help convey the meaning and purpose of text

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Patterns of Development

this uses signal words to help us follow ideas & understand better

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Patterns of Development

to help us distinguish between major and minor details it uses word markers

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Definition

answers "what does it mean?"

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Exemplification

expounds an idea by giving example/s

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Description

gives details about the idea

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Sensory Pattern Spatial Pattern

two types of description

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Sensory Pattern

describes by using adjectives according to 5 senses

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Spatial Pattern

describes using location or physical space

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Chronology

organizes ideas according to time

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By Narration By Process

two types of Chronology

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By Narration

organizes ideas by sequence of events as it happen

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By Process

organizes ideas through step by step procedure

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Listing

organizes ideas or a series of items by enumeration

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Comparison & Contrast

organize ideas according to similarities and differences of events’ places, people, things, and concepts

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Classification & Division

organizes ideas according to categories

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Cause & Effect

organizes ideas based on reason & consequences

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Problem-Solution

organizes ideas into problems and proposed solution

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Problem

can be discovered through the 4Ws and 1H

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Solution

the step of implementation

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Persuasion

emphasizes/drive a point, conclude, and summarize/to wrap up

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Signal Words

Helps in identifying the pattern of development

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Definition

explains the information through the use of illustrations, examples, and descriptions

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Exemplification

presents the general statement and then provides specific and concrete examples to expound on the main idea

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Separately Side-by-side

Two ways on arranging ideas based on their similarities and differences

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Separately

compares items by describing one item first followed by the second item

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Side-by-side

compares items by discussing both items based on each point of comparison

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Cause & Effect

Organizes details based on the cause, the reason, and the result or consequences of a certain phenomenon

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what who when where why how

the 4Ws and 1H

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Persuasion

To show how a set of evidence leads to a logical conclusion or argument

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Persuasion

This pattern presents the issue, the position, and the supporting evidence that supports the position

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Understanding Locating Main Ideas Summarizing Paraphrasing Noting Details

Skills used when reading

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Supporting details

sentences that validate the main idea

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Skimming Locating main idea Scanning

types of rapid reading

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Browsing

types of previewing

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Summarizing Paraphrasing

types of literal reading

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Logical Fallacies

it is when someone claims that their idea/s are correct because there are no sources to prove otherwise

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Definition

(from which pattern of development) to illustrate

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Definition

(from which pattern of development) refers to

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Definition

(from which pattern of development) means

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Definition

(from which pattern of development) is defined as

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Exemplification

(from which pattern of development) for example

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Exemplification

(from which pattern of development) in particular

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Exemplification

(from which pattern of development) in other words

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Exemplification

(from which pattern of development) to clarify

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Description

(from which pattern of development) above

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Description

(from which pattern of development) behind

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Description

(from which pattern of development) onto

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