Music History 1 Q2

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Renaissance period dates

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1

Renaissance period dates

1400-1600

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2

How was the new international style created

Composers from Northern Europe working in Italy

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3

New rules were made for what device

Counterpoint

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4

Predominant textures

Imitative counterpoint Homophony

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5

Generated changes in music for Protestant and Catholic Churches

Reformation

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6

Chiaroscuro

The balance between light and dark

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7

humanism

the cultural movement of the Renaissance; one’s own experiences became important as well as the church

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8

Characteristic of new music

Expansion of range Clarity of music structure (cadences) Single tonal center Personal style

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9

Patronage

Getting paid for compositions

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10

Text painting

Sing as the word you’re saying “Sigh movement while singing “sigh”

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11

Martin Luther

1483-1546 Germany 95 theses Created New Evangelical/Lutheran

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12

Lutheran Church Music

Lutheran Chorale Most important Strophic Acapella Unison Metered

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13

Calvinist Church Music

Metrical Psalms Metered Strophic Biblical text

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14

Anthems

English equivalent of motets Acapella Polyphonic

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15

William Byrd

1540-1623 Most influential English composer of the renaissance Sing joyfully unto God 1580

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16

Counter reformation

Catholics respond to the reformation

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17

Council of Trent

In Italy during the counter reformation

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18

Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina

1525-1594 Saved polyphony from the council of Trent O magnum Mysterium 1569

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19

Franco-Flemish Composers

OGS: Johannesburg Ockeghem Antoine Busnoys Lots of masses, chansons, motets

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20

Jacob Obrecht

1457-1505 Composed many songs in Dutch Clear candences and tonal center

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21

Henricus Isaac

1450-1517 Composed for Lorenzo de Medici in Florence Homophonic Lieder Innsbruck ich muss rich Kassebaum 1485

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22

Josquin des Prez

1450-1521 Lots of money “ Master of notes“ Motets Clear form and phrases Careful declamation of text Ave Maria

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23

Josquin was first composer to

Use music to depict the meaning of the text

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24

Ars Nova

Means new art New rhythm

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25

Isorhythm

Equal rhythm, identical, in segments

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Hocket

Two voices alternate in rapid succession

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27

Guillame de Machaut

1300-1377 Importantly medieval composer Leading composer of the French Ars nova

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28

Italian Trecento music

Refers to music in 1300’s

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29

Squarcialupi codex

1410 Election of secular songs 354 Pretty

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30

Caccia

Round

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Francesco Landini

1325-1397 Important Used a lot of 3rds and 5ths Pretty music Non avra ma ports 1350

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Landini Cadence

Francesco Landini Ti, la, do Under 3rd cadence

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Polyphony

Voices sing together in independent parts Started as decoration

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Free organum

Top moves note against note Chant in bottom voice Variety of intervals

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Florid organum

Top moves freely Voices don’t move together

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36

Aquitanian polyphony

Settings of chant had 2 styles: distant and florid organum

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37

Discant

Move at same rate Top moves more

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38

Early motets based on

Discant and sing during religious events

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39

Style of English polyphony

Rota Rondellus Voice exchange Imperfect consonance

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40

Norte dame polyphony

More ornate style of polyphony and contained more than 2 voices

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Non avra ma pieta

1350 Francesco Landini 1325-1397 Salient ft: 3rds, 6ths Landini cadence

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42

Innsbruck ich muss ditch lassen

1485 Henricus Isaac 1450-1517 Salient ft: lieder, German

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43

Ave Maria…Virgo Serena

1485 Josquin de prez 1450-1521 Salient ft: thin texture, Latin text

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44

Sing Joyfully unto God

1580 William Byrd 1540-1623 Salient ft: 6 voices, text painting, acapella

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45

O magnum mysterium

1569 Palestrina 1525-1594 Salient ft: 6 voices, metric

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46

Sumer is cumen in

ca 1260 Anonymous Salient ft: English polyphony, imitative polyphony

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