HBS Unit 1 Review

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anterior/posterior

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anterior/posterior

front side of the body; backside of the body

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inferior/superior

away from the head/lower; closer to the head/higher

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medial/lateral

toward the middle/center; to the side/away from the middle

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distal/proximal

further away from the point of attachment; closer to the point of attachment

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superficial/deep

on the surface/shallow; closer to the interior center of the body

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ventral/dorsal

abdomen side; spinal side

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abdominal

<p>the region encompassing the abdominal muscles</p>

the region encompassing the abdominal muscles

<p>the region encompassing the abdominal muscles</p>
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antecubital

<p>of or relating to the region of the arm in front of the elbow</p>

of or relating to the region of the arm in front of the elbow

<p>of or relating to the region of the arm in front of the elbow</p>
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axillary

<p>armpit area/region</p>

armpit area/region

<p>armpit area/region</p>
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brachial

<p>upper arm</p>

upper arm

<p>upper arm</p>
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buccal

<p>of or relating to or toward the cheek</p>

of or relating to or toward the cheek

<p>of or relating to or toward the cheek</p>
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calcaneal

<p>relating to the heel bone or heel</p>

relating to the heel bone or heel

<p>relating to the heel bone or heel</p>
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carpal

<p>of or relating to the wrist</p>

of or relating to the wrist

<p>of or relating to the wrist</p>
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cephalic

<p>the head or skull</p>

the head or skull

<p>the head or skull</p>
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cervical

<p>uppermost region of the spine</p>

uppermost region of the spine

<p>uppermost region of the spine</p>
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coxal

<p>referring to the hip region</p>

referring to the hip region

<p>referring to the hip region</p>
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digital

region encompassing the toes/fingers

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femoral

of or relating to or near the femur or thigh, typically towards the top

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gluteal

<p>the region or area of the gluteus muscles</p>

the region or area of the gluteus muscles

<p>the region or area of the gluteus muscles</p>
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inguinal

<p>of or relating to the area near the groin</p>

of or relating to the area near the groin

<p>of or relating to the area near the groin</p>
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lumbar

<p>the part of the spinal cord/back between the ribs and the hipbones (5 vertebrae)</p>

the part of the spinal cord/back between the ribs and the hipbones (5 vertebrae)

<p>the part of the spinal cord/back between the ribs and the hipbones (5 vertebrae)</p>
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nasal

<p>the area/region relating to the nose (or nasal cavity)</p>

the area/region relating to the nose (or nasal cavity)

<p>the area/region relating to the nose (or nasal cavity)</p>
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occipital

<p>the region at the base of the skull</p>

the region at the base of the skull

<p>the region at the base of the skull</p>
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olecranal

<p>the region on the back of the elbow</p>

the region on the back of the elbow

<p>the region on the back of the elbow</p>
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oral

<p>the area of the mouth/oral cavity</p>

the area of the mouth/oral cavity

<p>the area of the mouth/oral cavity</p>
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orbital

<p>the region of the eye/around the eye</p>

the region of the eye/around the eye

<p>the region of the eye/around the eye</p>
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patellar

<p>near or relating to the patella or kneecap</p>

near or relating to the patella or kneecap

<p>near or relating to the patella or kneecap</p>
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pelvic

<p>of or relating to the pelvis</p>

of or relating to the pelvis

<p>of or relating to the pelvis</p>
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popliteal

<p>of or relating to the area behind the knee joint</p>

of or relating to the area behind the knee joint

<p>of or relating to the area behind the knee joint</p>
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sacral

<p>the region of the spinal cord/back that is directly after the lumbar region</p>

the region of the spinal cord/back that is directly after the lumbar region

<p>the region of the spinal cord/back that is directly after the lumbar region</p>
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scapular

<p>the region around what is know as the shoulder blade</p>

the region around what is know as the shoulder blade

<p>the region around what is know as the shoulder blade</p>
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sternal

<p>of or relating to or near the sternum</p>

of or relating to or near the sternum

<p>of or relating to or near the sternum</p>
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tarsal

<p>the ankle region</p>

the ankle region

<p>the ankle region</p>
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thoracic

<p>the region directly above the lumbar region; middle of the back (12 vertebrae)</p>

the region directly above the lumbar region; middle of the back (12 vertebrae)

<p>the region directly above the lumbar region; middle of the back (12 vertebrae)</p>
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umbilical

<p>the abdominal region around the belly button</p>

the abdominal region around the belly button

<p>the abdominal region around the belly button</p>
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vertebral

<p>referring to the whole spinal cord/back</p>

referring to the whole spinal cord/back

<p>referring to the whole spinal cord/back</p>
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epithelial

<p>Function: protection, absorption/secretion, sensation Location: skin, outer surfaces of organs and blood vessels, inner surfaces of internal organs</p>

Function: protection, absorption/secretion, sensation Location: skin, outer surfaces of organs and blood vessels, inner surfaces of internal organs

<p>Function: protection, absorption/secretion, sensation Location: skin, outer surfaces of organs and blood vessels, inner surfaces of internal organs</p>
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connective

<p>Function: support/structure, protection, transport Location: between tissues throughout the body, found in <em>tendons and ligaments</em>, bones *Tendon - muscle to bone; Ligament - bone to bone</p>

Function: support/structure, protection, transport Location: between tissues throughout the body, found in tendons and ligaments, bones *Tendon - muscle to bone; Ligament - bone to bone

<p>Function: support/structure, protection, transport Location: between tissues throughout the body, found in <em>tendons and ligaments</em>, bones *Tendon - muscle to bone; Ligament - bone to bone</p>
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muscle

<p>Function: contracts and relaxes to move different body parts Location: walls of veins, arteries, and intestines (smooth); heart (cardiac); on bones (skeletal)</p>

Function: contracts and relaxes to move different body parts Location: walls of veins, arteries, and intestines (smooth); heart (cardiac); on bones (skeletal)

<p>Function: contracts and relaxes to move different body parts Location: walls of veins, arteries, and intestines (smooth); heart (cardiac); on bones (skeletal)</p>
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nervous

<p>Function: coordinates and controls the body&apos;s many functions Location: brain, spinal cord, nerves</p>

Function: coordinates and controls the body's many functions Location: brain, spinal cord, nerves

<p>Function: coordinates and controls the body&apos;s many functions Location: brain, spinal cord, nerves</p>
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mandible

<p>the jaw bone</p>

the jaw bone

<p>the jaw bone</p>
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maxilla

<p>bone around the nasal cavity (&quot;top jaw bone&quot;)</p>

bone around the nasal cavity ("top jaw bone")

<p>bone around the nasal cavity (&quot;top jaw bone&quot;)</p>
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zygomatic process

<p>the cheek boone</p>

the cheek boone

<p>the cheek boone</p>
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frontal bone

<p>the bone that makes up the forehead</p>

the bone that makes up the forehead

<p>the bone that makes up the forehead</p>
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temporal bone

<p>the skull bone by the ear (where the mandible connects with temporalis)</p>

the skull bone by the ear (where the mandible connects with temporalis)

<p>the skull bone by the ear (where the mandible connects with temporalis)</p>
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occipital bone

<p>base of the skull/back of the head</p>

base of the skull/back of the head

<p>base of the skull/back of the head</p>
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parietal bone

<p>top of the head</p>

top of the head

<p>top of the head</p>
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orbicularis oculi

<p>opens and closes eyelids</p>

opens and closes eyelids

<p>opens and closes eyelids</p>
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orbicularis oris

<p>pushes and pulls lips</p>

pushes and pulls lips

<p>pushes and pulls lips</p>
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temporalis

<p>opens and closes the mandible (jaw)</p>

opens and closes the mandible (jaw)

<p>opens and closes the mandible (jaw)</p>
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appendicular

<p>arms (scapula and out), and legs (pelvis and down)</p>

arms (scapula and out), and legs (pelvis and down)

<p>arms (scapula and out), and legs (pelvis and down)</p>
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axial

<p>skull, ribcage, and vertebral column</p>

skull, ribcage, and vertebral column

<p>skull, ribcage, and vertebral column</p>
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