Liberty, Equality, Power Chapter 21 Quiz Review, APUSH LEP 21, Liberty, Equality, Power: Chapter 21 Flash Cards

studied byStudied by 29 people
0.0(0)
get a hint
hint

What are the Three C's of the Square Deal

1 / 195

Studying Progress

0%
New cards
196
Still learning
0
Almost done
0
Mastered
0
196 Terms
1
New cards

What are the Three C's of the Square Deal

Conservation, Control corporations, and Consumer protection

New cards
2
New cards

What are the five principals of Wilson's "New Freedom"

Tariff reform, reform banks, control corporations, restore competition, and promote unions

New cards
3
New cards

First state to allow women to vote

Wyoming

New cards
4
New cards

Party that fought for women's suffrage

Progressive Party

New cards
5
New cards

How many times did Eugene debs run for president

Five

New cards
6
New cards

The Progressive Movement paved the way for what ideology.

Liberalism

New cards
7
New cards

Who were two important women in the settlement house concept.

Jane Addams and Ellen Gates Starr

New cards
8
New cards

Name of the book by Upton Sinclair that exposed issues in the meat packing industy

The Jungle

New cards
9
New cards

Teddy Roosevelt's view of the Presidency

Use as much power as needed and that is allowed by the Constitution

New cards
10
New cards

Taft's view of the Presidency

Teddy used too much power

New cards
11
New cards

What is a "Good Trust"

Any trust that offers a fair price to the consumers

New cards
12
New cards

Famous magazine of the Progressive Era

McClure's Magazine

New cards
13
New cards

Were immigrants pro or anti Prohibition

anti-prohibition

New cards
14
New cards

Union that wanted to unite workers and overthrow Capitalism

IWW

New cards
15
New cards

True of false: Progressivism took inspiration from Socialism

True

New cards
16
New cards

What is an Initiative

Gives the people law making power, allows them to create petitions to create new laws.

New cards
17
New cards

What is a referendum

Questions that are placed on a ballot for the people to vote on

New cards
18
New cards

What is a Recall

Allows voters to "recall" their decision in political elections

New cards
19
New cards

What was the plan called that brought progressivism to a statewide level

the Wisconsin Idea

New cards
20
New cards

Who created this plan

Robert LaFollette

New cards
21
New cards

Who did Roosevelt pick as his running mate in order to separate him from NY politics

McKinley

New cards
22
New cards

Who has the nickname "trust buster"

Teddy Roosevelt

New cards
23
New cards

Another name for the Progressive Party

The Bull-Moose Party

New cards
24
New cards

Main reason Wilson was able to win

Split in the Republican Party (conservatives v. progressives)

New cards
25
New cards

First workmen's comp. law

Kern-McGillicuddy Act

New cards
26
New cards

What was the Keating-Owen Act

prohibited the interstate sale of goods produced in factories that employed children under the age of 14

New cards
27
New cards

Who wrote the "History of the Standard Oil Company"

Ida Tarbell

New cards
28
New cards

Leader of the IWW

Big Bill Haywood

New cards
29
New cards

Another name for a secret ballot

Australian ballot

New cards
30
New cards

Key words of the Sherman Antitrust Act

Restraint of trade is illegal

New cards
31
New cards

Teddy became the first president to support strikers when he backed...

Coal miners in Pennsylvannia

New cards
32
New cards

Candidate whose plan was known as New Nationalism

Teddy R.

New cards
33
New cards

Candidate whose plan was known as New Freedom

Woodrow Wilson

New cards
34
New cards

Define Socialism

Redistribution of wealth from the rich to the poor

New cards
35
New cards

Where was the Hull House

Chicago

New cards
36
New cards

In which groups did the idea of reform originate in?

Journalists, settlement houses, and young / female middle-class protestants

New cards
37
New cards

Who were muckrakers?

Journalists who published stories exposing the corruption of business and politics.

New cards
38
New cards

Who coined the term muckraker?

Theodore Roosevelt

New cards
39
New cards

Popular progressive magazine

McClure Magazine

New cards
40
New cards

Ida Tarbell was a muckraker. Who did she publish stories on?

Standard Oil and Rockefeller

New cards
41
New cards

Lincoln Steffen was a muckraker. What did he publish stories on?

Bribery in municipal governments

New cards
42
New cards

George Kibble Turner was a muckraker. What did he publish stories on?

Prostitution and separation

New cards
43
New cards

Who founded the Hull House?

Jane Addams (and Ellen Gates Starr)

New cards
44
New cards

Who was Florence Kelley?

She was an advocate for improving the lives of women and children. She made made nurseries, a small bank, a baby clinic, an employment bureau, playgrounds, and social club. She became a factory inspector.

New cards
45
New cards

Addams thought the sexual revolution would lead to what?

Prostitution

New cards
46
New cards

Addams also supported

Temperance

New cards
47
New cards

Social clubs

tried to improve lives for men and women with a focus on female concerns

New cards
48
New cards

Difference between Socialism and Progressivism

Socialists wanted to cede control of society to the workers, while Progressives wanted to make their lives better. All Socialists were Progressives, but not all Progressives were Socialists. Progressives wanted to tame American capitalism but they wanted to keep its structure.

New cards
49
New cards

Founder and Leader of The Socialist Party

Eugene Debs

New cards
50
New cards

What publication by muckraker Upton Sinclair led to the passing of the Pure Food and Drug Act / Meat Inspection Act?

The Jungle

New cards
51
New cards

Popular socialist publication

Appeal to reason

New cards
52
New cards

Where was the city commissioner system first developed?

Galveston, Texas

New cards
53
New cards

Initiative

A procedure by which voters can propose a law or a constitutional amendment.

New cards
54
New cards

Referendum

a legislative act is referred for final approval to a popular vote by the electorate

New cards
55
New cards

Recall

procedure whereby voters can remove an elected official from office

New cards
56
New cards

17th Amendment

Direct election of senators

New cards
57
New cards

16th Amendment

Allows the federal government to collect income tax

New cards
58
New cards

18th Amendment

Prohibited the manufacture, sale, and distribution of alcoholic beverages

New cards
59
New cards

19th Amendment (1920)

Gave women the right to vote

New cards
60
New cards

Australian ballot (secret ballot)

Practice that required citizens to vote in private rather than in public, and required the government (rather than political parties) to supervise the voting process.

New cards
61
New cards

How did progressive reforms hurt voter turnout rates?

Progressives believed citizenship was a responsibility that should be difficult to attain, and limited voting. Non-citizens couldnt vote and citizenship became harder to get, leading to massive drop in black enfranchisement

New cards
62
New cards

Who helped found the NAACP?

W.E.B. DuBois

New cards
63
New cards

First state to give women suffrage

Wyoming in 1890

New cards
64
New cards

Did the west give women suffrage on the basis of equality?

No. It was given on the basis that women had useful qualities to tame the wild men living on the frontier, and were more nurturing and motherly.

New cards
65
New cards

Who picketed the white house?

Alice Paul

New cards
66
New cards

Carrie Chapmann Catt

lead the National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA)

New cards
67
New cards

Republican leader of reform in Wisconsin

Robert LaFollette

New cards
68
New cards

Concept to bring reform to the entire US

Wisconsin Idea

New cards
69
New cards

Frederick Winslow Taylor

1856-1915 *Created the basis for the scientific management of business in his quest for efficiency *Used shops and large plants as models and succeeded in spreading his ideas on efficiency to several industries *Wrote books on the subject of scientific management

New cards
70
New cards

Scientific Management

the application of scientific principles to increase efficiency in the workplace

New cards
71
New cards

Booker T. Washington

African American progressive who supported segregation and demanded that African American better themselves individually to achieve equality.

New cards
72
New cards

Niagara Convention

Led by W.E.B DuBois; established rights through the court

New cards
73
New cards

NAACP magazine

The Crisis

New cards
74
New cards

NAACP

Interracial organization founded in 1909 to abolish segregation and discrimination and to achieve political and civil rights for African Americans.

New cards
75
New cards

National Urban League

an interracial organization formed in 1910 to help solve social problems facing African Americans who lived in the cities

New cards
76
New cards

Mutualistas

organized groups of Mexican Americans that make loans and provide legal assistance to other members of their community

New cards
77
New cards

Anti-Defamation League

organization formed in 1913 to defend Jews against physical and verbal attacks and false statements

New cards
78
New cards

How did Roosevelt become president?

McKinley was assassinated

New cards
79
New cards

Old Guard Republicans

Opposed reform and controlled Congress

New cards
80
New cards

Roosevelt was known as

trust buster

New cards
81
New cards

What was the first trust Roosevelt busted?

Northern Securities in 1902

New cards
82
New cards

Sherman Antitrust Act

First federal action against monopolies, it was signed into law by Harrison and was extensively used by Theodore Roosevelt for trust-busting. However, it was initially misused against labor unions

New cards
83
New cards

What was Roosevelt's opinions of Trusts?

Only trusts that violated the law should be busted, some trusts were good for the economy

New cards
84
New cards

Roosevelt System

New Nationalism; didn't want to destroy all trusts but favored regulation

New cards
85
New cards

1902 Coal Strike

United Mine Workers demanded 20 percent wage increase, a reductive in daily working hours from ten to nine, and formal management recognition in their union; mines shut down in an effort to starve out the miners; Roosevelt's conference ended in an impasse, he threatened to take over the mines and and run them with the army; ended in October with an agreement to submit the issues to an arbitration commission named by the president; enhanced the prestige of Roosevelt and the nation's leaders, but only partial victories for the miners; won 9 hour work day and only 10% increase wages

New cards
86
New cards

Roosevelt's environmental policy

He gave 148 million acres for forest reserves, and he also gave 80 acres of land to geologists who wanted to research for water minerals

New cards
87
New cards

Was Roosevelt a preservationist or conservationist?

Roosevelt was not a preservationist who despised human interference in the wild but instead wanted it to be a test of men and show the nations roots. He sought to protect nature from corporations.

New cards
88
New cards

Public Land Commission

Created by Roosevelt in 1903 to survey lands, inventory them, and make permits

New cards
89
New cards

Gilfred Pinchot

Friend of Roosevelt; convinced him to move forests to the Department of Agriculture, first chief of US Forest Service

New cards
90
New cards

Roosevelt's hand-picked successor

William Howard Taft

New cards
91
New cards

Ballinger-Pinchot Controversy

Richard A Ballinger aroused progressives by reopening one million acres of land to corporations, Pinchot went public with his discoveries. Roosevelt sided with Pinchot, Taft defended Ballinger, leading to a falling out between the two

New cards
92
New cards

Adamson Act

8 hour work day for railroad workers

New cards
93
New cards

Robert LaFollette began his political career as a Democrat. Select one: True False

False

New cards
94
New cards

Western states granted women the right to vote in the interest of egalitarianism. Select one: True False

False

New cards
95
New cards

The Payne-Aldrich Tariff encouraged foreign imports. Select one: True False

False

New cards
96
New cards

Many suffragists in the South and West opposed the franchise for Americans of color. Select one: True False

True

New cards
97
New cards

In 1915, the Supreme Court Select one: a. endorsed the separate but equal principle. b. outlawed railroad rebates. c. invalidated "grandfather clauses" that allowed certain whites to vote in Oklahoma and Maryland. d. declared poll taxes unconstitutional. e. declared segregation unconstitutional.

The correct answer is: invalidated "grandfather clauses" that allowed certain whites to vote in Oklahoma and Maryland.

New cards
98
New cards

All of the following describe the role of saloons in ethnic, working-class neighborhoods except Select one: a. they drained family finances and contributed to domestic violence. b. they offered workers decent places to eat lunch. c. they offered loans and check cashing services. d. they were supported by progressive reformers as positive assets in working-class communities. e. they offered traditional ethnic food and drinks.

The correct answer is: they were supported by progressive reformers as positive assets in working-class communities.

New cards
99
New cards

Woodrow Wilson was the favorite as the 1912 Democratic convention began. Select one: True False

False

New cards
100
New cards

Theodore Roosevelt's antitrust policy reflected his belief that the Select one: a. best solution would be see all monopolies destroyed. b. economy would profit from an increase in the number of small, family-owned businesses. c. federal government should not interfere with the economy. d. federal government should own all monopolies. e. federal government should only dissolve monopolies that violated the law.

The correct answer is: federal government should only dissolve monopolies that violated the law.

New cards

Explore top notes

note Note
studied byStudied by 38 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 14 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 75 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 4 people
Updated ... ago
4.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 3 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 11 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 10 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 1591 people
Updated ... ago
4.7 Stars(14)

Explore top flashcards

flashcards Flashcard36 terms
studied byStudied by 15 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard75 terms
studied byStudied by 6 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard56 terms
studied byStudied by 12 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(3)
flashcards Flashcard37 terms
studied byStudied by 3 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard67 terms
studied byStudied by 5 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard71 terms
studied byStudied by 99 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars