Anglo-Saxon History

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When did the Anglo-Saxon Period begin?

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  • Tribe living in Britain

  • No writing, everything was passed down by words

  • Stories were memorized and repeated

Who were the Britons?

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  • Professional poet, had to know about everything

  • sang anglo-saxon literature whenever required

  • Passed on their knowledge to another scop before they died

What was a Scop?

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  • The most important themes or information were emphasized by the strong beat

How did Scops remember their stories?

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  • Invaded and defeated the Britons

  • Briton’s area becomes part of the Roman empire, but they are treated well and peaceful

  • In 410, the Romans leave to defend their empire and never come back

The Romans

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  • First tribe to attack the Britons after the Romans

  • Tribe that wants Britons land

  • Defeats the brits and takes over

Jutes

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  • Fight the Jutes and Britons

  • take over

Angles

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  • Fight the Jutes, Britons, and Angles

  • win and take over

Saxons

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  • Created a common language (English)

  • Created Anglo-Saxon England (Angleland)

  • Reign lasted until 1066 (Norman conquest)

What were the benefits of the Anglo-Saxon Period

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  • Old English or Anglo-Saxon

  • Composed of West German, Dutch

Language

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  • Northumbria

  • Mercia

  • Wessex

  • Kent

Anglo-Saxon Civilization

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  • England was not unified

  • Could not avoid the Vikings

The Downfall

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  • Also known as norsemen or danes

  • Most groups (Anglo-Saxons), attacked for more land, while Vikings just attacked to attack

  • Incredibly hard to defend

  • Attacked mostly small communities

The Vikings

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  • Language

  • Heroic Ideal

  • Shortness of Life (No modern medicine, Constant war and death)

  • Wyrd (Fate, What is destined to happen)

Commonalities Between Anglo-Saxons

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