2023 SS STUDENT Midterm Study Guide

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13th Amendment

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37 Terms

1

13th Amendment

Ended slavery (granted rights to African Americans)

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2

14th Amendment

Gave citizenship to African Americans \n (granted rights to African Americans)

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3

15th Amendment

Allowed African Americans the right to vote (granted rights)

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4

Reconstruction

The time after the CIvil War when the North and South were coming back together and rebuilding the country

(UNSUCCESSFUL DUE TO JIM CROW LAWS)

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5

Jim Crow Laws

Laws to limit the freedoms of African Americans by separating them from the White people.

LIMITED FREEDOMS of African AMericans.

Failure of Reconstruction.

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6

Poll Taxes Grandfather Clause Literacy Test

Restrict voting rights of African Americans

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7

Segregation

The separation of African Americans and Whites through the creation of separate facilities for each race. IT WAS NOT EQUAL (limit freedoms)

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8

Plessy v. Ferguson

Established separate but equal/ segregation.

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9

Yellow Journalism

Use of exaggeration in newspapers to influence public opinion. (Sinking of the Maine)

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10

Panama Canal

Shortened sea route between Atlantic and Pacific.

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11

Monopoly/Trust

When one person or company controls a type of business by putting all other companies out of business. (BAD THING)

Often used corruption in the Senate (law makers)

EXAMPLE: Standard oil

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12

Sherman Antitrust Act

Broke up monopolies/trusts Enforced by Teddy Roosevelt

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13

Immigration

Ellis Island

Angel Island

When a person moves to a new country to live there permanently

  • America needed immigrants as unskilled workers

  • Immigrants came in the US through Ellis Island on the East Coast

  • Immigrants took an eye exam, mental and medical exams

  • Angel Island was on the Pacific coast for Asian immigrants

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14

Push Factor

Negative things that make someone want to leave a country

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15

Pull factor

Positive things that make someone want to move to a country

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16

Industrial Revolution

Time when cities and factories grew (urbanization) because of the new invention that changed the way things were made and transported (Farms -> FACTORIES) PROBLEMS OF INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION-> tenements/meat production/child labor

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17

Muckrakers

Produced novels/articles and photographs that EXPOSED problems in society.

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18

Child Labor

When children worked in factories in terrible conditions to help support their families. Children were paid less.

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19

Labor Movement

When workers would strike against low wages and poor conditions/factory owners opposed this. Sparked by Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire.

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20

Women’s Suffrage

Women fighting for their right to vote

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21

Imperialism

When America has to expand to meet its needs at home. Taking over smaller territories.

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22

Progressive Era

Time period when laws were passed to fix the problems of society.

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23

Transcontinental Railroad

Expanded interstate business. Moved goods/people/ideas across the country.

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24

Purchase of Alaska

Seward from Russia

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25

Sinking of USS Maine

Led to S.A.W and the acquisition of P.R., Guam and Philippines (long term outcome)

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26

Power

Having control over another group, individual, or nation

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27

Conflict

An argument or disagreement between individuals, groups or nations

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28

Innovation

Technologies and ideas that make life easier.

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29

Human Interactions

Individuals or groups working together/communicating by choice or force Ex: trade/war/diplomacy

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30

Environmental Impact

The way in which we treat the area we live in. The result of our actions on where we live.

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31

Inequality

A group, individual, or nation not treating others fairly

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32

Social

People living and working together under a common set of laws

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33

Military

Armed forces of a nation.

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34

Economic

Use of money and resources.

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35

Political

Ideas and opinions that determine laws and policies for a country.

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36

Religious

Ideas and beliefs that shape people's ways of life and culture

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37

Scientific

Studying testing and experimenting to find ways to make life easier/ better.

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