Human Geography Terms Unit 1

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Data aggregation

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Geography

43 Terms

1

Data aggregation

A word used to describe the collection of data for maps

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2

Spatial perspective

A way of thinking about how and why physical features or processes are positioned in geographic space

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3

Time-Distance Decay

The effect of distance on cultural or spatial interactions

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4

Absolute direction

relative to a fixed frame of reference and always point in the same direction, regardless of their location

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5

Map scale

The ratio of a distance on the map to the corresponding distance on the ground

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6

Absolute distance

Describing the distance from one point to another using units of measurements

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7

Relative distance

A measure of the social, cultural and economic relatedness or connectivity between two places

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8

Relative direction

Specific directions that can be found by looking at the sun or looking at a full picture of earth

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9

Isoline map

lines drawn on a map connecting data points of the same value

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10

Topographic map

A map mainly used to show the physical appearance of a specific area. Possibly shows mountains, elevation, rivers, and lakes

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11

Reference map

a type of map that portrays the geographic pattern of a particular subject matter in a geographic area

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12

Thematic map

a type of map that portrays the geographic pattern of a particular subject matter in a geographic area (dot distribution)

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13

Chloropleth map

A map that uses color and hues to compare different parts of a region.

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14

cartogram

A map that distorts in a way that makes areas with a stronger characteristic larger than areas with less of that characteristic (bloating)

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15

Map projection

Different ways to show what everything on Earth looks like. Some map projections are obstructed and inaccurate

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16

robinson map projection

knowt flashcard image
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17

mercator projection

a map projection of the earth onto a cylinder; areas appear greater the farther they are from the equator

<p>a map projection of the earth onto a cylinder; areas appear greater the farther they are from the equator</p>
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18

Census

an official count or survey of a population, typically recording various details of individuals

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19

Fieldwork

practical work conducted by a researcher in the natural environment, rather than in a laboratory or office

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20

Satellite imagery

images of Earth collected by imaging satellites operated by governments and businesses around the world

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21

Cultural Landscape

Human imprint on the physical geography, what humans have changed in an area

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22

Time-space compression

A reduction in the time it takes for something to reach another place

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23

Diffusion

the spread of people, things, ideas, cultural practices, disease, technology, weather, and other factors from place to place

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24

Expansion Diffusion

Spread of a feature from one place to another in a snow-balling process

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25

Hierarchical Diffusion

Spread of an ideas from persons or nodes of authority or power to other persons or places

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26

Contagious Diffusion

Rapid and widespread diffusion of a characteristic throughout the population

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27

Stimulus Diffusion

When a characteristic spreads throughout a population while changing and adapting to become more desirable (mcdonalds

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28

Relocation Diffusion

Spread of an idea through physical movement of people from one place to another

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29

Friction of Distance

The pattern that characteristics become less common when they are further from the origin (starbucks coffee locations)

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30

Cultural ecology

The belief that humans adapted and formed relationships due to the changing environment around them (beach residents sterotyped as "chill")

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31

Natural resources

Enities or items that are sourced from the environments on Earth. They are completely made by nature

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32

Environmental determinism

The pattern that shows that human cultures and movements are determined by the type of environment around them

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33

Possibilism

human events and behavior is influenced by other humans and not the environment (opposite of environmental determinism)

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34

Global Scale

A type of reference that shows information from all of the continents and the entire planet as a whole

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35

Regional Scale

A reference that shows information from a specific region. Usually two or more countries are visible.

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36

National Scale

A reference that shows a single entire country

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37

Local Scale

A reference that shows a specific area inside of a country

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38

Region

Areas that are broadly divided by physical characteristics, human impact characteristics, and the interaction of humanity and the environment

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39

Formal Region

A region determined by factual information, that area all shares that characteristic

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40

Border Zone

When two regions with different cultures connect at an intersection and create a new culture out of it

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41

Functional Region

A region that centers around a characteristic, the further away you are from that characteristic, the less common/known it will be

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42

Perceptual/Vernacular Region

A subjective area that can change from person to person. Usually associated with a characteristic (mental map)

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43

Metropolitan Area

A core area containing a large population nucleus, together with adjacent communities that have a high degree of economic and social integration with that core (Philadelphia with surrounding towns of West Chester, Pottstown, Royersford, etc)

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