chapter 4 with abbreviations

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The largest organ and system in the body is:

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180 Terms

1

The largest organ and system in the body is:

The skin

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2

Skin prevents_______ to internal organs

Injury

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3

Skin also prevents the loss of too much______ which is essential to life

Water

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4

The skin is also a ______ organ that feels heat, cold, pain, touch, and pressure

Sense

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5

Blood vessels_________ or widen, when the outside temperature is too high

Dilate

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6

Blood vessels__________ or narrow, when the outside temperature is too cold

Constrict

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7

Normal or Sign: Thinning Skin

Normal

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8

Normal or Signs: Bruises

Sign

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9

Normal or Signs: Cut in Skin

Sign

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10

Normal or Sign: Wrinkles

Normal

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11

Normal or Sign: Brown Spots

Normal

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12

Normal or Sign :Thinning of fatty tissue

Normal

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13

Normal or Sign:Flaking skin

Sign

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14

Normal or Sign:Thinning Skin

Normal

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15

Normal or Sign:Less elastic skin

Normal

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16

Normal or Sign: Reddened Skin

Sign

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17

Normal or Sign:Swollen Skin

Sign

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18

Normal or Sign: Gray Hair

Normal

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19

Normal or Sign:Orange-peel look or skin

Sign

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20

The body is shaped by

muscles, bones, ligaments, tendons, and cartilage.

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21

The human body has_______ bones

206

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22

Bones _______ the body's organs

Protect

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23

Two _____meet at a joint.

Bones

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24

Muscles allow ___________

movement of body parts

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25

Range of motion exercises help______

Prevent problems related to immobility

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26

Atrophy occurs when the muscle _________

Weakens, decreases in size, and wastes away.

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27

Falls can be prevented by ______

Keeping paths clear no keeping walkers or canes within easy reach

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28

Normal or Sign:Bruising on Skin

Sign

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29

Normal or Sign: Weakening of Muscles

Normal

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30

Normal or Sign: loss of muscle tone

Normal

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31

Normal or Sign: Change in ability to do routine movements or ROM exercises

Sign

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32

Normal or Sign: Loss of bone density

Normal

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33

Normal or Sign: Increased brittleness of bones

Normal

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34

Normal or Sign: aches & Pains

Sign

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35

Normal or Sign: Loss of height

Normal

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36

Normal or Sign:pain during movement

Sign

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37

Normal or Sign:increased swelling of joints

Sign

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38

Normal or Sign: white, shiny, and worn area over a joint

Sign

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39

Normal or Sign:Slowing or body movement

Normal

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40

Arthritis is a general term referring to _________ of the joints

Swelling

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41

What happens with an autoimmune illness?

The immune system attacks normal tissue in the body

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42

Osteoarthritis is common in

The elderly

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43

If an NA sees NWB on a residents car plan, the resident ________

Is unable to support any weight on one or both legs

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44

Which side should residents recovering from hip replacements dress first?

Affected (weaker side)

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45

Fractures are broken bones and are often caused by

Osteoarthritis

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46

What kind of pillow immobilizes and positions the hips and lower extremities after a hip replacement?

An abduction pillow

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47

Which of the following statements is true of a knee replacement?

A knee replacement can help restore motion to the knee.

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48

The nervous system

Controls and coordinates body functions

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49

The two main pars of the nervous system are

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50

The two main parts of the nervous system are

Central nervous system and peripheral nervous system

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51

Normal or Sign: inability to move one side of the body

Sign

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52

Normal or Sign: depression

Sign

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53

Normal or Sign:fatigue with movement

Sign

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54

Normal or Sign: shaking

Sign

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55

Normal or Sign:Decreased sense of heat and cold

Sign

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56

Normal or Sign:slurred speech

Sign

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57

Normal or Sign: decreased ability to perform ADLs

Sign

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58

Normal or Sign: slower responses and reflexes

Normal

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59

Normal or Sign: trouble swallowing

Sign

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60

Normal or Sign: confusion

Sign

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61

Normal or Sign: decrease sensitivity of nerve endings in skin

Normal

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62

Normal or Sign: violent behavior

Sign

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63

Normal or Sign: violent behavior

Sign

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64

Normal or Sign: minor short term memory loss

Normal

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65

Normal or Sign: changes in vision or hearing

Sign

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66

Residents with paralysis or loss of movement

Need physical therapy

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67

Leg exercises help

Improve circulation

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68

When helping with transfers or ambulation,

The NA should stand on the resident's stronger side

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69

The NA should always use a fair belt for safety when

Helping a resident who has had a stroke to walk

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70

Gestures are important in

communicating with a resident who has had a stroke

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71

Residents who suffer confusion or memory loss due to a stroke may feel more secure if

The NA keeps a routine of care

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72

Residents with a loss of sensation

could easily but themselves

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73

The NA should an questions that CNA be answered with

A yes or no when communicating with a resident who has had a stroke

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74

Parkinson's disease is a progressive disease that causes

A section of the brain to degenerate

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75

Parkinson's disease causes a

shuffling gait and a mask life facial expression

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76

Multiple sclerosis causes the protective ______ for the nerves, spinal cord, and white mater of the brain to break down over time

Covering

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77

For a person with MA, nerves cannot send

Messages

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78

Symptoms of MS include_____vision, fatigue, tremors, Poe balance, and trouble walking

Blurred

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79

The NA should offer _______ periods a necessary for residents with MS.

Resting

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80

He NA should give residents plenty of time to ________because people with MS down have trouble forming their thoughts.

Resting

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81

The NA should give residents plenty of time to _______because people with MS often have trouble forming their own thoughts

Communicate

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82

_______can worsen the effects of MS so the NA should remain calm and listen to residents when they want to talk

Stress

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83

The effects of a spinal cord injury

Depend on the location of the injury and the force of impact

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84

The higher the injury on the spinal cord,

The greater loss of function will be

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85

Paraplegia is a

Loss of function of the lower body and legs.

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86

Residents with head or spinal cord injuries will need

Emotional support as well as physical help.

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87

People with spinal cord injuries may

not feel burns because of loss of sensation

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88

The NA should help residents change positions at least

every two hours to prevent pressure ulcers

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89

The circulatory system is made up of

The heart, blood, and blood vessels

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90

The blood carries

Food, oxygen, and other substances cells needed to function

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91

The circulatory system removes

Waste products from cells.

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92

Normal or Sign: severe headache

Sign

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93

Normal or Sign heart pumps less efficiently

Normal

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94

Normal or Sign: chest pain

Sign

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95

Normal or Sign: swelling of hands or feet

Sign

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96

Normal or Sign: changes in pulse rate

Sign

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97

Normal or Sign: pale or bluish hands or feet

Sign

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98

Normal or Sign: fatigue

Sign

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99

Normal or Sign: shortness of breath

Sign

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100

What are three possible causes of hypertension?

Kidney disease, tumors of the adrenal glands and pregnancy

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