A&P CH1

studied byStudied by 3 people
0.0(0)
get a hint
hint

anatomy

1 / 107

encourage image

There's no tags or description

Looks like no one added any tags here yet for you.

Studying Progress

0%
New cards
108
Still learning
0
Almost done
0
Mastered
0
108 Terms
1
New cards

anatomy

studies the structure of the body

New cards
2
New cards

Physiology

studies the function of the body parts

New cards
3
New cards

atom, molecule,organelle,cell,tissue,organ,organ system, organism

The organization of an organism

New cards
4
New cards

cells

smallest unit of living things

New cards
5
New cards

tissues

a group of similar cells that have a common function

New cards
6
New cards

organ

structure composed of at least 2 tissue types that performs a specific function for the body.

New cards
7
New cards

necessary life functions

maintaining boundaries, movement, responsiveness growth,digestion, excretion, reproduction and metabolism,

New cards
8
New cards

integumentary system

system composed of hair, skin and nails, covery external body and protects deeper tissue

New cards
9
New cards

skeletal system

system composed of bones and joints, protects and supports, provides bodys frame work for muscles

New cards
10
New cards

muscular system

system composed of skeletal muscles and allows for movements and manipulation of the envioronment

New cards
11
New cards

nervous system

composed of spinal cord, brain and nerves. control system of the body and responds to changes by activating muscles and glands

New cards
12
New cards

endocrine system

COMPOSED OF GLANDS THAT REGULATE THE PROCESSES SUCH AS GROWTH AND REproduction

New cards
13
New cards

cardiovascular system

composed of heart and blood vessels, transports blood which cariies oxygen, CO2 nutrients and waste. pumps blood

New cards
14
New cards

lymphatic system

composed of red bone marrow, nodes, spleen, vessles and thoracic duct, which disposes debris in the lymphatic stream. Immune reponse.

New cards
15
New cards

respiratory system

composed of nasal, pharynx, larnx, trachea broncus and lungs, keeps blood supplied with O2 and removes CO2

New cards
16
New cards

digestive system

COMPOSED OF ORAL CAVITY, ESOPHOGUS liver, stomache, intestines and rectume. breaks down food and absorbs nutrients

New cards
17
New cards

urinary system

Composed of kidneys, ureter, bladder and urethra, rids the body of acid-based wastes.

New cards
18
New cards

reproductive system

System that functions in producing off springs

New cards
19
New cards

homeostasis

the ability to maintain an internal balance even when outside world changes. dynamic state of equilibrium

New cards
20
New cards

nervous and endocrine system

2 systems most responsible in maintaining homeostasis

New cards
21
New cards

receptor, control center, effector

3 main parts of homeostatic control

New cards
22
New cards

receptor

sensor that monitors changes and sens information in an afferent path to control center in negative feedback

New cards
23
New cards

control center

determines the set point in feedback, recieves from receptor and send infor efferently to effector

New cards
24
New cards

effector

responds to to feed back from the control center, shuts off or enhances stimulus

New cards
25
New cards

negative feed back

homeostatic control mechanism that shuts off original effect of stimuli or reduces intensity.

New cards
26
New cards

negative feed back

body tempertaure and controlling blood sugar are an example of which feed back mechanism?

New cards
27
New cards

positive feedback mechanism

homeostatic control mechanism that enhances the original stimulus so that the response is accelerates

New cards
28
New cards

positive feedback mechanism

blood clotting is an example of which type of homeostatic control mechanism

New cards
29
New cards

anatomical position

body standing errect with palms facing forward and thumbs pointing away from the body

New cards
30
New cards

directional terms

explain wher one body structure is in relation to another

New cards
31
New cards

axial parts

makes up main axis of body including head, neck and trunk

New cards
32
New cards

appendicular parts

consists of limbs

New cards
33
New cards

reginal terms

used to design specific areas within major body divisions

New cards
34
New cards

abdominal

trunk inferior to ribs

New cards
35
New cards

acromial

point of shoulder

New cards
36
New cards

antebrachial

forearm

New cards
37
New cards

antecubital

anterior surface of elbow

New cards
38
New cards

axillary

armpit

New cards
39
New cards

brachial

upper arm

New cards
40
New cards

buccal

cheek

New cards
41
New cards

CARPAL

WRIST

New cards
42
New cards

cephalic

head

New cards
43
New cards

coxal

hip

New cards
44
New cards

crural

leg

New cards
45
New cards

digital

fingers/toes

New cards
46
New cards

femoral

thigh

New cards
47
New cards

fibular or peroneal

side of leg

New cards
48
New cards

frontal

forehead

New cards
49
New cards

hallux

big toe

New cards
50
New cards

inguinal

groin area

New cards
51
New cards

mammary

breast region

New cards
52
New cards

manus

hand

New cards
53
New cards

pelvic

pelvis region

New cards
54
New cards

nasal

nose

New cards
55
New cards

oral

mouth

New cards
56
New cards

orbital

eye

New cards
57
New cards

palmar

palm

New cards
58
New cards

pateller

anterior knee

New cards
59
New cards

pedal

foot

New cards
60
New cards

pollex

big toe

New cards
61
New cards

tarsal

ankle

New cards
62
New cards

metatarsal

top of foot

New cards
63
New cards

calcaneal

heal

New cards
64
New cards

dorsum

back

New cards
65
New cards

gluteal

butt

New cards
66
New cards

lumbar

lower back

New cards
67
New cards

occipital

posterior head

New cards
68
New cards

olecranal

posterior elbow

New cards
69
New cards

otic

ear

New cards
70
New cards

perineal

taint

New cards
71
New cards

popliteal

posterior knee

New cards
72
New cards

sacral

inbetween glutes

New cards
73
New cards

sural

calf

New cards
74
New cards

vertebral

spine

New cards
75
New cards

scapular

"angle wing"

New cards
76
New cards

superior

toward the head

New cards
77
New cards

inferior

toward the feet

New cards
78
New cards

anterior

toawrd front

New cards
79
New cards

posterior

toward the back

New cards
80
New cards

medial

toward the middle line

New cards
81
New cards

lateral

away from the mid line

New cards
82
New cards

intermediate

between medial and lateral

New cards
83
New cards

proximal

closer to the trunk

New cards
84
New cards

distal

further from the trunk

New cards

Explore top notes

note Note
studied byStudied by 5 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 5 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 9 people
Updated ... ago
4.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 2 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 12 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 11 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 5 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 119 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(3)

Explore top flashcards

flashcards Flashcard52 terms
studied byStudied by 9 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard37 terms
studied byStudied by 26 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
flashcards Flashcard95 terms
studied byStudied by 317 people
Updated ... ago
4.0 Stars(5)
flashcards Flashcard66 terms
studied byStudied by 26 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard125 terms
studied byStudied by 6 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard76 terms
studied byStudied by 66 people
Updated ... ago
4.7 Stars(3)
flashcards Flashcard30 terms
studied byStudied by 804 people
Updated ... ago
4.8 Stars(17)
flashcards Flashcard31 terms
studied byStudied by 5 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)