PCM HNRs Ethcisc and MOrality conscience

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What is synonymous in popular consideration?

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1

What is synonymous in popular consideration?

conscience and morality

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2

What makes itself known after an action?

posterior conscience

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3

What is activated by certain types of behavior and provides an unsophisticated evaluation of that behavior?

posterior conscience

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4

What conscience feels "guilty?"

posterior conscience

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5

According to contemporary theology, where do feelings of guilt come from?

our experience

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6

According to contemporary theology, feelings of guilt are not what?

rational

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7

According to Freud, enforced socialization is what?

the superego

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8

According to Freud, the primitive self is what?

the id

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9

According to Freud, the mediator between the id and the superego is what?

the ego

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10

According to transactional analysis, we are conditioned by what?

our childhoods and by our culture

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11

What are feelings of guilt independent of?

human freedom and human rationality

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12

True or false: feelings of guilt may be helpful guides for human living.

true

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13

Guilt feelings are defined morally as what?

morally netural

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14

What type of guides are guilt feelings to moral judgment?

undependable guides

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15

What is anterior conscience?

the action of conscience before an act

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16

Which conscience is the focus of Catholic tradition and moral theology?

anterior conscience

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17

True or false: there is no word for conscience in Hebrew.

true

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18

What is the Greek word for conscience?

syneidesis

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19

What is the Latin word for conscience?

conscientia ("with knowledge")

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20

How is the idea of conscience represented in Hebrew Scripture?

by the use of the word for "heart," leb

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21

Examples of conscience in Scripture:

"O, that today you hear his voice: harden not your hearts" (Psalm 95:7f)

"...you know in your heart" (Revelation 7:22)

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22

What is the Book of Job all about?

fidelity to conscience

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23

In Christian Scriptures, what connection is strengthened?

the connection between heart and conscience

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24

In what Gospel especially is the connection between heart and conscience strengthened?

Matthew

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25

Who said, "Blessed are the clean of heart, for they will see God" (Matthew 5:8)?

Jesus Christ

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26

True or false: Luke's Sermon on the Plain contains a verse similar to Matthew 5:8

false

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27

When is there greater development of the idea of conscience?

As Christianity comes to stress proper disposition

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28

Who was the first Christian Theologian to develop the idea of conscience?

Paul

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29

Describe Paul.

He was well educated and aware of Greek culture

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30

Who was Paul writing to?

educated people

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31

How did Paul describe conscience?

Paul uses the Greek word syneidesis and combines it with the Jewish understanding of "heart"

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32

According to Paul, what does conscience do?

Conscience bears witness to and illuminates

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33

According to Paul, how does conscience judge?

in an impartial and unbiased way

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34

What are the qualities of conscience according to Paul?

It can be good or bad, it can function as an infallible guide to action, it can be weak or erroneous

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35

What is present in the writings of Paul?

a depth of understanding of conscience

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36

What depth is present in Paul's understanding of conscience?

Conscience is dependable and yet it is undependable, conscience is a person's heart yet it criticizes the heart, it is the person himself and is a subservient part of that person

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37

Why is Paul's understanding of conscience inconsistent?

Paul's theology develops over time and he was writing to different communities with different issues

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38

Who translated the Bible into Latin?

St. Jerome

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39

What is St. Jerome's translation of the Bible called?

the Vulgate

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40

This is defined as the habit of conscience.

syderesis

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41

This is defined as the basic sense of responsibility of the human person

synderesis

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42

In traditional moral theology, what three sections of conscience exist?

Synderesis, moral science, and syneidesis

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43

True or false: the term synderesis has no theological basis.

true

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44

The act of conscience

syneidesis

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45

This is the judgment by which we evaluate an action

syneidesis

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46

What is conscience/1?

a general sense of value, an awareness of personal responsibility, which is characteristic of the human person

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47

What does it mean to be human?

to be in charge of one's life

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48

The awareness of universals falls under which conscience?

conscience/1

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49

What shows the existence of conscience/1?

the fact that we realize that there is a right and wrong

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50

What is conscience/2?

the process by which an individual seeks concrete personal values

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51

How does conscience/2 emerge?

in the processes of reflection, discussion, and analysis

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52

Conscience/2 can be what?

erroneous or misinformed

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53

What needs to be formed?

conscience/2

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54

What conscience seeks the truth?

conscience/2

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55

How does conscience/2 use the Church?

as a source of wisdom but not as the sole truth

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56

What is conscience/3?

the event of concrete judgement of a specific person pertaining to his own immediate action

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57

Which conscience is the final norm by which a person's action must be guided?

conscience/3

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58

Which conscience is infallible?

conscience/3

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59

Which conscience must we follow?

conscience/3

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60

Conscience/1 asks:

What is right?

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61

Conscience/2 asks:

What is right for me?

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62

Conscience/3 asks:

What is right for me in this situation?

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63

What does conscience/1 demand?

that we seek to do good and avoid evil

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64

What does conscience/2 search for?

the truth

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65

What does conscience/3 judge?

a situation in light of that truth

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66

Which conscience follows the truth?

conscience/2

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67

Which conscience is a person bound to follow?

conscience/3

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68

Who said, "Everyone, of course, must ultimately follow his conscience; this means he must do right as he sees the right with desire and effort to find and do what is right."

Bernard Haring

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69

Who strongly supported the rights of conscience?

Thomas Aquinas

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70

Who has affirmed the rights of conscience?

the American Bishops and John Henry Newman

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71

Who said, "The dictate of conscience...enjoys absolute certainty. For it dictates that the person acting ought to act according to the personal judgment which he has concerning the act...In a word, the judgment...is not only infallibly true but is also absolutely certain."

Joseph Fuchs (hehe)

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72

True of false: the Church has a role to play in the formation of conscience/2

true

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73

Who can provide the moral leadership that humans need?

The Church

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74

True or false: the Church is guaranteed an insight into the formation of conscience/2

true

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75

What has the Church been a force for?

the improvement of the human situation and for the protection of human dignity

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76

What is the Church a part of?

the Kingdom of God

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77

What is the Church blessed with?

the guidance of the Holy Spirit

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78

True or false: there are no limits to the Church's role in moral reflection

false

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79

what limits the Church's role in moral reflection?

the possibility of error, incompleteness, and inadequacy

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80

True or false: the Church has never issued an infallible pronouncement on a moral issue

true

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81

True or false: Papal infallibility has only been used once in the case of the dogma of the Immaculate Conception

false; it was for the Assumption

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82

The possibility of incompleteness

failure to speak fully to a particular, individual situation

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83

the possibility of inadequacy

what was once appropriate may become inadequate over time

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84

The Catholic Church claims the right to do what?

teach in matters of faith and morals

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85

What does faith deal with?

the unchanging reality of God

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86

What does morality deal with?

the ever-changing reality of humans

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87

True or false: Faith and morals are two different realities?

true

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88

True or false: the wisdom of the Church is supremely important

false

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89

True or false: there should be no litmus test of Catholic loyalty.

true

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90

What would a litmus test of Catholic loyalty be contrary to?

the nature of the Church, the nature of humanity, and the nature of conscience itself

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91

What must the Church as well as each one of us do?

search for the truth

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92

Hebrew word for heart

leb

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93

According to Kohlberg's theory of moral development, there is a universal sequence of what?

moral development

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94

According to Kolberg's theory of moral development, each individual advances according to what?

the stages

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95

What are Kohlberg's stages based upon?

why a decision is made rather than what the decision is

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96

What is stage 1?

punishment-obedience orientation

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97

What is stage 2?

personal reward orientation

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98

What is stage 3?

good boy-nice girl orientation

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99

What is stage 4?

law and order orientation

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100

What is stage 5?

social contract orientation

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