Ch. 4 terms

studied byStudied by 0 people
0.0(0)
get a hint
hint

acne

1 / 105

encourage image

There's no tags or description

Looks like no one added any tags here yet for you.

Studying Progress

0%
New cards
106
Still learning
0
Almost done
0
Mastered
0
106 Terms
1
New cards

acne

Inflammatory disorder of the sebaceous glands that produces pimples on the skin.

New cards
2
New cards

albinism

An inherited condition that prevents the normal production of melanin, resulting in extremely pale skin and white hair.

New cards
3
New cards

allergy skin test

A test used to identify allergies.

New cards
4
New cards

alopecia

Hair loss that results from genetics, normal aging, illness, or drugs used to treat certain diseases.

New cards
5
New cards

anesthetic

A drug that causes a reversible loss of sensation or pain; used to temporarily deaden pain.

New cards
6
New cards

antibiotic

A drug that fights or prevents bacterial infections.

New cards
7
New cards

antifungal

A drug used to fight off fungal infections.

New cards
8
New cards

antipruritic

drug used to inhibit itching.

New cards
9
New cards

antiviral

A drug used to treat viral infections.

New cards
10
New cards

arrector pili

Bundles of small muscle fibers.

New cards
11
New cards

autograft

The surgical transfer of tissue from one part of a patient’s body to another part of the same body.

New cards
12
New cards

basal cell carcinoma

A commonly slow-growing, malignant tumor of the basal cell layer of the epidermis that typically does not metastasize.

New cards
13
New cards

basal layer

The deepest layer of the epidermis that is constantly growing and multiplying, with younger cells pushing old cells to the surface.

New cards
14
New cards

biologic

A drug that works like parts of the immune system by disrupting the autoimmune response that occurs in certain diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis.

New cards
15
New cards

biopsy

The removal of a small piece of living tissue for microscopic examination to determine the presence of disease.

New cards
16
New cards

blepharoplasty

Plastic surgery of the eyelid.

New cards
17
New cards

burns

Damage to the skin or deeper tissues caused by sun, hot liquids, fire, electricity, or chemicals.

New cards
18
New cards

cauterization

Destruction of tissue through the application of heat, cold, or an electrical current.

New cards
19
New cards

chemical peel

The use of chemicals to remove outer layers of the skin.

New cards
20
New cards

cicatrix

A scar left by a healed wound.

New cards
21
New cards

collagen

A fibrous protein found in skin, bone, cartilage, tendons, and ligaments.

New cards
22
New cards

corticosteroid

A hormone-like drug used as an anti- inflammatory and/or immunosuppressant.

New cards
23
New cards

cryosurgery

surgical procedure in which infected or abnormal cells or tissues are frozen in order to destroy or remove them.

New cards
24
New cards

curettage

The removal of tissue by scraping the surface.

New cards
25
New cards

cuticle

A narrow band of epidermal tissue attached to the surface of the nail.

New cards
26
New cards

cyanosis

A bluish or purplish discoloration of the skin, caused by decreased circulation of oxygen-rich blood.

New cards
27
New cards

cyst

A closed, thick-walled sac or pouch containing fluid or semisolid material that develops in a cavity or other structure of the body.

New cards
28
New cards

debridement

The removal of damaged tissue and foreign debris to prevent infection and promote healing.

New cards
29
New cards

dermabrasion

The use of abrasive materials to remove layers of skin.

New cards
30
New cards

dermatologist

A physician who diagnoses and treats conditions and diseases of the skin, hair, and nails.

New cards
31
New cards

dermatology technician

A specialized medical assistant who works in the skin-care field.

New cards
32
New cards

dermatoplasty

The replacement of damaged skin with donor skin from a different region of the body.

New cards
33
New cards

dermis

The layer of skin that lies directly below the epidermis, and which is made up of connective tissue, blood and lymphatic vessels, nerve fibers, hair follicles, and sebaceous and sweat glands.

New cards
34
New cards

ecchymosis

Black-and-blue or purplish bruise caused by ruptured blood vessels beneath the skin

New cards
35
New cards

eczema

Acute or chronic inflammatory skin disease characterized by erythema, itchiness, and edema, or swelling.

New cards
36
New cards

epidermis

The outermost layer of the skin.

New cards
37
New cards

epithelial tissue

Body tissue that forms the skin covering the surface of the body, lines the internal organs, and makes up certain glands.

New cards
38
New cards

excisional biopsy

The surgical removal of an entire lesion or tumor.

New cards
39
New cards

exfoliative cytology

A biopsy in which living tissue is scraped.

New cards
40
New cards

first-degree burn

A skin burn characterized by superficial epidermal lesions.

New cards
41
New cards

fissure

A groove or crack; (2) A sore; (3) A deep, narrow, slit-like opening in a bone.

New cards
42
New cards

gangrene

Necrosis, or death, of tissue due to loss of blood supply, followed by bacterial infection.

New cards
43
New cards

gland

A cell, or groups of cells, that secretes select sub- stances within or out of the body.

New cards
44
New cards

hair follicles

Tiny secretory cavities from which hair grows.

New cards
45
New cards

hair shaft

The non growing part of a hair that protrudes from the skin.

New cards
46
New cards

immunosuppressant

A drug that prevents or reduces the body’s normal reactions to invasion and which is used to prevent the rejection of donor tissue or to treat autoimmune disorders.

New cards
47
New cards

impetigo

Bacterial infection of the skin characterized by vesicles (small, fluid-filled sacs), pustules (small, pus-filled blisters), and crusted-over lesions.

New cards
48
New cards

incision and drainage (I&D)

A procedure in which an incision is made through the skin to drain fluid or an abscess

New cards
49
New cards

incisional biopsy

A biopsy procedure in which an incision is made into living tissue, and a small piece is removed for microscopic examination.

New cards
50
New cards

integumentary system

The body system that is com- posed of the skin and its accessories, and which protects the body by functioning as a physical barrier, regulates temperature and fluid control, produces vitamin D, and provides sensory information.

New cards
51
New cards

intradermal skin test

A test in which different substances are injected into the skin to test for allergic reactions.

New cards
52
New cards

Kaposi’s sarcoma

a disease in which cancer cells are found in the skin or mucous membranes that line the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, from mouth to anus, including the stomach and intestines

New cards
53
New cards

keloid

An abnormally raised, thickened scar.

New cards
54
New cards

keratin

A fi brous, water-repellent protein.

New cards
55
New cards

laser therapy

The surgical or therapeutic use of devices that generate concentrated beams of light.

New cards
56
New cards

lesions, cancerous

New cards
57
New cards

lipectomy

The surgical removal of fat below the skin.

New cards
58
New cards

lipids

A group of organic compounds that lubricate the skin and minimize water loss.

New cards
59
New cards

lipocytes

Cells that manufacture and store fat.

New cards
60
New cards

liposuction

The use of suction during surgery to remove fat below the skin.

New cards
61
New cards

lunula

The semilunar (half-moon- shaped), white area at the proximal end of the nail.

New cards
62
New cards

macule

An oval-shaped pigmented area near the retina, which contains specialized, high-density cones that are used for high-acuity vision.

New cards
63
New cards

malignant melanoma

A cancerous growth composed of melanocytes that begins as an irregularly shaped macule and then changes color and texture; clas- sifi ed as level I, II, III, or IV, depending on level of penetration.

New cards
64
New cards

melanin

Pigment responsible for the skin’s color and which also helps protect skin against the harmful ultraviolet rays of the sun.

New cards
65
New cards

melanocytes

Cells located in the epidermis that contain and produce dark brown-to- black pigments called melanin.

New cards
66
New cards

Mohs surgery

A surgical method for treating skin cancer; thin, tumorous skin layers are successively removed and examined, the process continuing until there is no evidence of the tumor.

New cards
67
New cards

mucous membrane

A thin, pliable layer of tissue that lines any body cavity that opens to the outside world (for example, the nasal passage).

New cards
68
New cards

nail plate

The hard, translucent part of the nail.

New cards
69
New cards

nail root

The area of the dermis on which the nail rests.

New cards
70
New cards

nails

Accessory organs of the skin that are made of hard keratin.

New cards
71
New cards

needle biopsy

A biopsy procedure in which a needle is used to remove a tissue sample for microscopic examination.

New cards
72
New cards

nevus

A highly pigmented lesion of the skin that is flat or raised; also called a mole.

New cards
73
New cards

nodule

A solid skin elevation larger than one centimeter in diameter; may develop in the epidermis, dermis, or subcutaneous layer.

New cards
74
New cards

oral drugs

A substance is taken through the mouth, swallowed, and then processed via the digestive system

New cards
75
New cards

papule

A solid skin elevation with distinct borders and a diameter of less than one centimeter; also called a pimple.

New cards
76
New cards

perspiration

The fluid excreted by sweat glands; also known as sweat.

New cards
77
New cards

petechia

Round, pinpoint spots on the skin caused by intradermal hemorrhage.

New cards
78
New cards

polyp

A small, mushroom-like growth, typically benign, that extends from the surface of a mucous membrane.

New cards
79
New cards

psoriasis

A chronic disease marked by itchy, erythematous skin with silvery patches.

New cards
80
New cards

punch biopsy

A biopsy in which a rotating blade is used to produce a cylindrical core of tissue.

New cards
81
New cards

purpura

A purple or brownish-red rash in which blood leaks from vessels into the skin or mucous membranes.

New cards
82
New cards

pustule

A small, infected skin elevation that contains pus; abscess.

New cards
83
New cards

rhytidectomy

The elimination of wrinkles by surgically removing skin from the face.

New cards
84
New cards

scabies

A contagious, parasitic infection of the skin with intense pruritus, or itching.

New cards
85
New cards

scleroderma

A chronic, progressive disease of the skin marked by hardening and shrinking of connective tissue, which causes edema or pain in the muscles or joints.

New cards
86
New cards

sclerotherapy

The injection of a medical solution such as saline into varicose veins or spider veins to remove these veins.

New cards
87
New cards

scratch test

A type of allergy skin test; the forearm is scratched with lancets and a variety of substances.

New cards
88
New cards

sebaceous glands

Glands that secrete sebum and are located in the dermal layer of the skin.

New cards
89
New cards

sebum

An oily substance that lubricates the skin and hair.

New cards
90
New cards

second-degree burn

A skin burn characterized by epidermal and dermal lesions, erythema, blisters, and hyperesthesia.

New cards
91
New cards

squamous cell carcinoma

Malignant tumor of the squamous epithelial cells of the epidermis; may grow in other organs lined with epithelial cells.

New cards
92
New cards

stratified squamous epithelium

The upper layer of the epidermis.

New cards
93
New cards

subcutaneous layer

The deepest layer of the skin.

New cards
94
New cards

sweat glands

Tiny, coiled glands that secrete sweat (perspiration) and are located in the dermis.

New cards
95
New cards

systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)

A chronic, inflammatory disease of collagen in the skin, joints, and internal organs. SLE is an autoimmune disease.

New cards
96
New cards

third-degree burn

A skin burn in which the epidermis and dermis are destroyed.

New cards
97
New cards

tinea

A skin infection caused by a fungus.

New cards
98
New cards

topical drugs

A medication that is applied to a particular place on or in the body. Most often topical medication means application to body surfaces such as the skin or mucous membranes to treat ailments via a large range of classes including creams, foams, gels, lotions, and ointments

New cards
99
New cards

transdermal drugs

Substances that are absorbed through the skin.

New cards
100
New cards

ulcer

An open sore or an erosion of the skin or lining of a mucous membrane.

New cards

Explore top notes

note Note
studied byStudied by 27 people
Updated ... ago
4.5 Stars(2)
note Note
studied byStudied by 6 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 8 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 14 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 13 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
note Note
studied byStudied by 1046 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(5)
note Note
studied byStudied by 27 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
note Note
studied byStudied by 21 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)

Explore top flashcards

flashcards Flashcard30 terms
studied byStudied by 3 people
Updated ... ago
4.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard121 terms
studied byStudied by 23 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard38 terms
studied byStudied by 10 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard60 terms
studied byStudied by 12 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard44 terms
studied byStudied by 2 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
flashcards Flashcard46 terms
studied byStudied by 3 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard