Medical Terms pt. 2

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138 Terms
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sign

objective (can be evaluated or measured by the patient or others) evidence of disease or the physical manifestation of injury, illness or disease

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symptoms

subjective (can be evaluated or measured only by the patient) evidence of disease or what the patient experiences about the injury

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syndrome

a group of symptoms and signs that collectively indicate or characterize a disease, psychological disorder, or other abnormal condition.

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acronym

a word formed by combining the initial letters of a multipart name or major parts of a compound term, such as GERD from Gastro Esophageal Reflux Disease

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abbreviation

a shortened form of a word or phrase used chiefly in writing to represent the complete form, such as AMI. for Acute Myocardial Infraction

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eponym

one whose name is or is thought be the source of the name of something such as a disease, structure, operation, or procedure named for the person who discovered it first, for example, Marfan syndrome, Fallopian tube, Rinne Test, Huntington Disease.

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acute disease

rapid, severe and relatively short duration

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chronic disease

lasting for a long period of time or marked by frequent recurrence, as certain diseases, may be controlled but almost never cured

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relapse

a return of a disease or its symptoms after partial recovery from it.

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exacerbation

an increase in the severity of the disease or any of its symptoms.

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remission

the period during which the symptoms of a disease abate or subside without having achieved a cure

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differential diagnosis

the differences between diseases in terms of clinical signs and epidemiological parameters; used as a basis for selecting as a diagnosis the one with the best fit to those seen in the subject. Also known as to rule out (R/O).

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sarcoma

a cancerous tumor of fleshy tissue.

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malignant

tending to become progressively worse and to result in death; having the properties of anaplasia, invasiveness, and metastasis; said of tumors. You can also simply define it by a cancerous tumor that spreads like fire.

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benign

not malignant; not recurrent; favorable for recovery. You can also define it by a non-cancerous tumor that does not spread.

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myocardial infarction (MI)

death of the cells of an area of the heart muscle as a result of oxygen deprivation, which in turn is caused by obstruction of the blood supply; commonly referred to as a "heart attack."

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cerebrovascular accident (CVA)

an abnormal condition of the brain characterized by occlusion by an embolus, thrombus, or cerebrovascular hemorrhage or vasospasm, resulting in ischemia of the brain tissues normally perfused by the damaged vessels. commonly referred to as a "stroke."

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ischemia

a condition in which blood supply is held back from a part of the body.

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ilium

one of the bones of each half of the pelvis

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ileum

third part of the small intestine

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intervertebral

pertaining to lying between two vertebrae

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intravertebral

situated or occurring within a vertebral

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peritoneum

membrane that surrounds the abdomen and holds the abdominal organs in place

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perineum

the area between the anus and the scrotum (or vulva in females)

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mucous

pertaining to membrane that secretes mucus

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mucus

secretion from mucous membrane

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palpation

process of touching and feeling

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palpitation

having the heart throb, a feeling that your heart is beating too hard or too fast

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albumen

the white of an egg

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albumin

protein molecule in the blood

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humerus

bone of upper arm

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humorous

a general English word that means amusing or fun

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humeral

pertaining to bone of upper arm

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humoral

pertaining to immunity to infection from antibodies in blood

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contraction

normal tensing and shortening of muscle from nerve impulse

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contracture

abnormal, fixed position of permanently flexed muscle

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reflex

involuntary, automatic response of muscular-nervous pathway

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reflux

backward flowing of fluid

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ureter

tube that connects kidney to bladder

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ureteral

ureteral obstruction, ureteral stent, ureteral catheter

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urethra

tube that connects bladder to outside of body

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urethral

adjective of urethra

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vesical

pertaining to the urinary bladder

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vesicle

small fluid-filled blister on skin

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prostate

gland that surrounds urethra in males

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prostrate

lying in a face-down position

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breath

air that flows in and out of lungs

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breathe

action of inhaling and exhaling

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fissure

groove or crack-like sore of the skin. It also describes normal folds in the contour of the brain

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fistula

abnormal passage between two internal organs

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Infection

the invasion of the body by a pathogenic organism

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inflammation

localized response to an injury or destruction of tissues

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laceration

torn, ragged wound

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lesion

a pathologic change of the tissues to disease or injury

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supination

the act of rotating the arm so that the palm of the hand is forward or upward

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suppuration

the formation of discharge or pus

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trauma

wound or injury

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tumor

a swelling of a part of the body caused by an abnormal growth of tissue

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viral

pertaining to a virus

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virile

possessing masculine traits

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lithotomy

incision to remove the stones from the kidney or an examination position in which the patient is lying on back with the feet and legs raised and supported in stirrups.

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calculus

kidney stone or the heel bone

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colic

spasm of smooth muscle around ureters and bladder or around intestines

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pelvis

funnel-shaped area in kidney or hipbones with sacrum and coccyx

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sclera

white of the eye

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cyst

filled sac or pouch

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pharmacy

a place for dispensing medicine

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xiphoid

cartilage attached to the sternum

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rhinoplasty

plastic repair of the nose

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ptosis

drooping

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gnathic

pertaining to the jaw

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psychiatrist

specialist in the treatment of the mind

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euthanasia

painless killing of a patient suffering from an incurable disease

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leukocyte

white blood cells

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septicemia

systemic infection of the blood by pathogenic microorganisms

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amniocentesis

removal of some amniotic fluid by the insertion into the womb of a hollow needle

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incision

a cut in the skin during surgery or procedure

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electrical

pertaining to electricity

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endocrinology

the study and treatment of the disorders of the endocrine system

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pericardium

a fibroserous, double-layered membrane surrounding the heart

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medical

pertaining to medicine

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pharmacology

the study of drugs and their interactions with living systems

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hematology

the study of blood

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surgical

pertaining to surgery

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