Roman History Exam 2

studied byStudied by 0 people
0.0(0)
get a hint
hint

genius

1 / 110

Tags and Description

111 Terms

1

genius

ancestor/split talent

New cards
2

penates (oi penates)

sacred statues and spirits

New cards
3

tholos

Greek style round temple with colonnade

New cards
4

vestal virgins

30yr vow of celibacy, priviliged status, buried alive if violate chastity

New cards
5

rituals

sacrifice or offering to the gods

New cards
6

devotio

prayer or vow in battle

New cards
7

divinatio

reading natural signs like prodigia and monstra

New cards
8

augury + auspicy

bird signs, set parameterse

New cards
9

extispicium + horuspicium

sacrified animals

New cards
10

festivals

includes feriae (holidays) and ludi (games), either fixed in calendar or recurring but moveabled

New cards
11

dies festi

sacred holidays in honor of god(s)

New cards
12

ambarvalia

purification of limits, purify the land and boundaries

New cards
13

robigalia

festival for Robigo, god of mildew/grain rust, make him stay away from their crops

New cards
14

Lupercalia

purification and fertility festival, Luperci - nude youths run + hit people with dog hide for good luck

New cards
15

Saturnalia

day of reversal, freedman’s hat worn, everyone is free for a day, modern equal = christmas

New cards
16

pontifices

bridgebuilder, protect and interpret sacred law, civil engineering, vestal virgins

New cards
17

flamines

dedicated to particular gods, maintain cults

New cards
18

Augures

bird sign readers

New cards
19

Fetiales

matters of war

New cards
20

duoviri sacris faciundis

managing foreign cults

New cards
21

fasti vs. nefasti dies

days suitable or not for public speaking

New cards
22

evocatio

calling forth

New cards
23

syncretism

syncing up one cultures god with yours/match other culture

New cards
24

Aphrodite’s Greek equal

Venus, association with Julis family

New cards
25

patria potestas

power of the father

New cards
26

paterfamilias

father of the family with aboslute power, control over extended family, ultimate legal recourse, even killing children

New cards
27

why did Brutus execute his sons?

because they betrayed him and tried to bring the Tarquins back

New cards
28

Titus Manilus

obeys father, war with Latin League (Rome), serves as consulM

New cards
29

Manlian Discipline

executes his own son b/c he kills enemies without orders to

New cards
30

decimatio

1/10 destroyed

New cards
31

emancipatio

the process of freeing son from patria potestas

New cards
32

sui iuris

under own law (independent)

New cards
33

tutor

appointed guardian

New cards
34

toga virilis

garment of manhood

New cards
35

castitas

chastity, value system for women, strict sexual regulation

New cards
36

matrona

female head of household, takes care of house on day-to-day basis, key part in society and influence

New cards
37

materfamilias

female head of familym

New cards
38

marriages

political social or finanical, quick ritual btwn fathers, less formal for lower classc

New cards
39

cintus vinctusque

for a marrriage - belted and bound, bride has knotted belt that groom unties

New cards
40

confarreatio

sacrifice to Jupiter with special grain, high priesthoods onlyc

New cards
41

coemptio

groom symbolically buys bride

New cards
42

usus

ancient common-law marriage

New cards
43

manus marriage

with hand

New cards
44

sine manu marriage

without hand, free marriage, wife stays under power of own paterfamilias

New cards
45

dowry

gift from wife’s family to establish household

New cards
46

jewelry and women

it was the only thing women could actually own

New cards
47

ages of marriage

women bethrothed as early as 12, elite women could be married younger, 5-6 children…men marry at 14 but more likely late 20s-30s

New cards
48

domus

Roman house, private space with public function

New cards
49

HOUSE - fauces

vestibule, art and tradition

New cards
50

HOUSE - atrium

open roof

New cards
51

HOUSE - implurium

caught rain (little pond thing)

New cards
52

HOUSE - taldinum

reception area

New cards
53

HOUSE - cubicula

bedroom

New cards
54

HOUSE - culina

kitchen

New cards
55

HOUSE - triclinium

dining room

New cards
56

HOUSE - peristylum

greek-style garden

New cards
57

salutatio

formal + hierarchial greeting (lower class)

New cards
58

HOUSE - tropaion

impromtu monument, funeral masks with description of public honors

New cards
59

funerals + graves

death was seen as polluting, had to be buried outside the city, living care for the dead, continual importance

New cards
60

manes

shades of dead, lasting precense

New cards
61

what was the most common way to bury people?

cremation was a standard practice

New cards
62

pompa funebris

funeral parades

New cards
63

eulogy

speech in forum, actors wore funeral masks, annual grave sacrifice

New cards
64

Augustus being a deity

people only became deities after death, so people did not like this about Augustus, he got assassinated

New cards
65

mos maiorum

conservative social structure

New cards
66

gravitas/severitas

aboslute self-control and quiet acceptance of good or bad fortune

New cards
67

constantia (“constancy”)

perseverance against any circumstances, selflessness with subordination (NOT submission)

New cards
68

virtus

excellence, bravery in battle

New cards
69

disciplina

constant readiness for war, survival of the state

New cards
70

pietas

military, civil, and domestic quality, duty to gods, state, and family

New cards
71

fides

faithful performance of duties

New cards
72

dignitas

reputation of worth and esteem

New cards
73

auctoritas

authority based on prestige

New cards
74

gloria

military or civil accolade openly displayed

New cards
75

pudor

shame + personal accountability

New cards
76

infamia/ignominia

public disgrace, exclusion from civic

New cards
77

ad metallum

sent to mining, quarrying, or mills to death

New cards
78

ad cruces

sent to the cross to die

New cards
79

ad bestias

sent to the animals to die

New cards
80

Roman Constitution (RC)

it was not written, contained mix of govt styles

New cards
81

RC - consuls

kingship

New cards
82

RC - senate

aristocracy

New cards
83

RC - voting assemblies + will of masses

democracy

New cards
84

civitas

citizenship, stake for individual in state

New cards
85

res publica

common/public matter

New cards
86

lus

legal rights and law, foundation to Rome

New cards
87

provocatio

right of appeal, magistrates arrest citizens, invoke legal appeal

New cards
88

magistratus

magistrates + elected officials

New cards
89

suffragium

suffrage and voting rights, no women or slaves

New cards
90

comita centuriata

initially military organization

New cards
91

classes (classis)

by wealth and ability to supply arms

New cards
92

lower magistrates

quaestors, curule aediles, military tribunes

New cards
93

plebs

not really a bad word, just people who vote and stuff (lower class)

New cards
94

council of plebs

4 urban tribes (poorest), 21 rural tribes

New cards
95

plebisctum

legislation for pleb classes

New cards
96

clientela

patron-client relationship

New cards
97

patronus

legal, $, or social protection

New cards
98

cliens

owed patron votes + other support

New cards
99

canvassing (ambitio)

campaigning

New cards
100

toga candida

candidate, wore toga rubbed with white chalk to look god-like

New cards

Explore top notes

note Note
studied byStudied by 3 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 738 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 4 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 18 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 39 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(3)
note Note
studied byStudied by 268 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(3)
note Note
studied byStudied by 5527 people
Updated ... ago
4.3 Stars(23)
note Note
studied byStudied by 5 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)

Explore top flashcards

flashcards Flashcard167 terms
studied byStudied by 5 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard38 terms
studied byStudied by 15 people
Updated ... ago
4.5 Stars(2)
flashcards Flashcard92 terms
studied byStudied by 80 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(3)
flashcards Flashcard50 terms
studied byStudied by 16 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard69 terms
studied byStudied by 20 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard77 terms
studied byStudied by 1 person
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard43 terms
studied byStudied by 2 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard70 terms
studied byStudied by 4 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)