cc306 ch 10 and 11 vocab

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nerv/o

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170 Terms

1

nerv/o

nerve

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2

neur/o

nerve, sinew (joining fibrous tissue)

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3

crani/o

cranium (portion of the skull that encloses the brain)

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4

cephal/o

head

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5

encephal/o, -encephalon

brain

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6

cerebr/o

cerebrum (largest part of the brain)

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7

cerebell/o

cerebellum, posterior part of the brain

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8

pont/o

pons, bridge like, structure

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9

limb/o

limbic (behavioral/emotional responses) system, border

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10

hippocamp/o

hippocampus, seahorse

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11

thalam/o

thalamus (mass of gray matter located in the diencephalon), chamber, inner room

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12

What is the diencephalon?

thalamus, hypothalamus, epithalamus

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13

amygdal/o

amygdala (almond-shaped nuclei in the temporal lobe), almond, tonsil

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14

nucle/o

nucleus (group of neuronal cell bodies), core, little nut or kernel

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15

mening/o, -meninx

meninx (one of the three membranes enveloping the brain and spinal cord), membrane

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16

lept/o

thin

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17

pachy-, pach/o

thick

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18

arachn/o

arachnoid, membrane, spider, spider-like

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19

dur/o

dura mater membrane (brain/spinal cord), hard

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20

lob/o

lobe

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21

gyr/o

gyrus (stores/processes info in the cerebrum), circle, ring

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22

sulc/o

sulcus, groove of brain, furrow, groove

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23

fissur/o

fissure, deep groove

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24

ventricul/o

ventricle of the brain, cavity

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25

cortic/o

cortex (cerebrum), outer layer, bark

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26

myel/o

spinal cord, marrow

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27

medull/o

medulla, marrow

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28

poli/o

gray (gray matter of CNS)

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29

fascicul/o

fascicle, bundle, bundle of longitudinal fibers

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30

funicul/o

funicule, rope like

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31

radicul/o, radic/o

nerve root, root, spinal nerves

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32

rhiz/o

nerve root, root

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33

ram/o

nerve branch, branch

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34

plex/o

plexus (interwoven network of nerves, blood, lymphatic vessels)

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35

gangli/o

ganglion (group of nerve cells)

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36

gli/o

glia (supporting tissue of the nervous system), glue

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37

somat/o, som/o, -some

body, body of neuron

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38

dendr/o

dendrite (part of neuron), tree, branched structure

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39

ax/o

axon, long process of a neuron, axle, axis

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40

not/o

the back

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41

spin/o

spine, thorn, vertebral column

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42

vertebr/o

vertebra, back bone

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43

spondyl/o

vertebra

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44

esthesi/o, esthet/o, -esthesia

sensation, perception

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45

gnost/o, -gnosia, -gnosis

knowledge

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46

mnemon/o, -mnesia

memory

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47

leth/o

forgetfulness

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48

letharg/o

mental sluggishness, drowsiness

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49

top/o

place, spot, region

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50

stere/o

solid, three dimensional

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51

kinesi/o, kine/o, -kinesia

movement

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52

mot/o

movement

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53

prax/o, -praxia, -praxis

activity, doing, practice

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54

tax/o

coordination, order

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55

ton/o

tension, stretching, tone (in muscles)

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56

spasm/o, spast/o

spasm (a sudden involuntary muscle contraction)

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57

leps/o, lept/o, -lepsy

seizure

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58

-ictal

seizure, strike, blow

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59

pykn/o, pycn/o

thick, dense, frequent

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60

pleg/o, -plegia, plect/o, -plexy

paralysis, stroke

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61

palsy

paralysis

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62

-paresis

partial paralysis

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63

sthen/o

strength

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64

clon/o

clonus (rapid contracting and relaxing, spasmadic alteration of muscle contractions)

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65

chore/o

chorea (involuntary dancing/writhing movement), dance

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66

narc/o

stupor, sleep, numbness

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67

hypn/o

sleep

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68

somn/o

sleep

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69

sopor/o

sleep

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70

comat/o, -coma

coma (state of unconsciousness that cannot be aroused from)

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71

lal/o, -lalia

speech

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72

phas/o, -phasis, -phasia

speech

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73

phras/o, -phrasia

speech, phrase

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74

lex/o

word, speech, reading

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75

log/o, -logy

speech, reason, word (body of knowledge, study of)

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76

phag/o

eat, swallow

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77

vert/o, vers/o

turning

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78

psych/o

mind, soul

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79

phren/o

mind, diaphragm, phrenic nerve

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80

ment/o

mind

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81

no/o

mind, thought

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82

thym/o

emotion, state of mind

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83

path/o

feeling, disease

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84

-phoria

bearing (mental state/well being), caring, bringing

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85

hedon/o

pleasure

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86

mani/o, -mania

frenzy, madness

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87

phob/o, -phobia

fear, avoidance

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88

panic

panic

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89

narciss/o

self-love

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90

phil/o, -philia

attraction, love, sexual arousal (psychology)

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91

-lagnia

lust, sexual arousal

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92

vis/o

seeing, sense of sight

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93

opt/o, optic/o

seeing, sense of sight

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94

op/o, -opia, ops/o, -opsia, -opsis

seeing, sense of sight

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95

olfact/o

smelling, sense of smell

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96

osm/o, -osmia

smelling, sense of smell

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97

osphresi/o, -osphresis

smelling, sense of smell

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98

gust/o, gustat/o

tasting, sense of taste

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99

gues/o, -geusia

tasting, sense of taste

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100

tact/o, tag/o, tang/o

touching, sense of touch

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