Political Science Practice Test #1

studied byStudied by 3 people
0.0(0)
get a hint
hint

define political science

1 / 102

Tags and Description

Business

11th

103 Terms

1

define political science

the systematic study of government and politics

New cards
2

explain the role of politics in government

to bring people together, to develop policies favorable to their interest and persuade voters to elect their candidates

New cards
3

define democracy

a government in which power is vested in the people and exercised through representation

New cards
4

define capitalism

an economic system in which a country's trade and industry are controlled by private owners

New cards
5

define Constitutionalism

government according to constitutional principles

New cards
6

explain the relationship b/t political culture and public opinion

the public opinion affects the political party that gets elected

New cards
7

define political justice and individual rights

political justice is the use of judicial process for the purpose of political power. individual rights are rights that exist when a person is born

New cards
8

define the components of Gross Domestic Product

consumption, fixed investment, change in inventories, government purchases and net exports

New cards
9

explain the difference b/t countries, nations, states and governments

countries and States are internationally recognized boundaries and its own government. nations are groups of people who share culture. government is a group of people who govern a country

New cards
10

describe the history of political parties

political parties evolved around major issues and have led to two parties after George Washington's presidency

New cards
11

explain the difference b/t the two-party and multi-party government systems

two-party systems are b/t two candidates of two major political parties. multi-part systems are set up to allow multiple political parties to have the opportunity to gain control

New cards
12

define current political parties

two major political parties are the Democratic Party and the Republican Party. the Democratic Party has become more liberal while the republicans are more conservative and pro-business

New cards
13

explain the role of minor political parties

they force major parties to address new issues and can take away votes from the major political party

New cards
14

describe the relationship b/t political parties and special interest groups

special interest groups try to influence elections and can try to get certain parties or politicians elected depending on the group's issue

New cards
15

define special interest groups

organizations dedicated to particular political goals

New cards
16

explain the difference b/t private and public special interest groups

public interest groups promote the issues of general public concern. private interest groups can represent certain occupations

New cards
17

explain how special interest groups have influenced American politics

interest groups can meet with officials and persuade them to support their positions, can testify before Congress, provide financial support and influence voters

New cards
18

outline the history of civil liberties in the united states

the civil liberties were written into federal government in the Bill of Rights and later became enforced by all states on a case by case basis

New cards
19

explain the importance and limitations of freedom of speech

allows the free exchange of ideas and is limited when it threatens the public. the limits on free speech must address severe threats to the nation

New cards
20

explain the importance and limitations of freedom of press

allows the press to inform the public of any issues. press can be limited when the security concerns outweigh the need to be informed

New cards
21

explain the importance and limitations of freedom of religion

allows all individuals to practice their faiths however extreme examples are not allowed. the Court weighs individual rights against society's needs

New cards
22

explain the importance and limitations of freedom of assembly

protects the right to gather and discuss issues. this can be limited when the assembly is violent and unnecessarily disrupt daily life

New cards
23

define procedural rights for the accused

rights for the accused prevent the government from imprisoning people without trial

New cards
24

explain the right to privacy and the right to bear arms

the right to privacy restrain governmental and private actions that threaten the privacy of individuals. the right to bear arms is the militia's right to possess arms for defense

New cards
25

describe the role of courts in deciding civil liberty cases

New cards
26

explain the history of civil rights

civil rights are protections from discrimination based on race, gender, etc. started with rights for African-Americans, then voting rights for women

New cards
27

explain equal protection under the 14th amendment

equal protection under the law ensured new freed blacks had all rights

New cards
28

explain civil rights for women and americans with disabilities

civil rights for women include those to vote, an equal chance for jobs and maternity leave. americans with disabilities requires businesses to make their property accessible to the disabled

New cards
29

explain the characteristics of a democracy

individual liberty, majority rule, power and civic responsibilities and free elections

New cards
30

describe autocracy

government in which one person has unlimited authority over others

New cards
31

describe totalitarianism

a political system in which all authority is in the hands of the state

New cards
32

describe authoritarianism

a way of governing that values order and control over personal freedom

New cards
33

define transitional governments

New cards
34

explain the powers and functions of legislatures

legislature proposes bills, can impeach and confirm appointments, declare war

New cards
35

differentiate b/t congress and parliament

New cards
36

explain the purpose of legislative committees

to purpose and evaluate bills, divide the work in Congress to specialize in certain subject matters

New cards
37

explain the U.S. electoral college system

New cards
38

differentiate direct and indirect elections

New cards
39

describe individual representation and the U.S. electoral systems

New cards
40

define primary elections

New cards
41

explain election runoffs and recalls

New cards
42

explain the electoral evolution of Congress

New cards
43

explain the rationale for reapportionment and redistributing congressional districts

New cards
44

explain party nomination

New cards
45

describe national forces that influence Congress

New cards
46

explain the difference b/t Presidential and Congressional campaigns

presidential campaigns reach the whole country and congressional campaigns reach a state or district

New cards
47

describe factors that influence election outcomes

New cards
48

describe the difference b/t the state and U.S. court systems

New cards
49

describe the power of the federal judiciary

New cards
50

define the federal court system of the U.S.

New cards
51

explain the judicial decision-making

New cards
52

explain the checks and balance system on the power of the U.S. Supreme Court

New cards
53

explain the difference b/t original and appellate jurisdiction

original jurisdiction is the first time a case is tried and appellate jurisdiction is when the original decision is appealed

New cards
54

explain the selection of Supreme Court Justices process

the president appoints a Justice and the Senate must confirm the Justice

New cards
55

describe how special interest groups use litigation strategies to influence government policy

New cards
56

define bureaucracy

New cards
57

explain the history, impact and problems associated with federal bureaucracy

New cards
58

explain the relationship b/t the President, Cabinet and Congress when determining legislation

New cards
59

explain how elections are related to public perception of government

New cards
60

define the bureaucratic accountability process

New cards
61

explain how mass media and journalism have impacted the political system

New cards
62

describe the difference b/t private and state controlled media

New cards
63

explain media's influence on the public

media and journalism can influence what news the public sees and can spin stories towards one side

New cards
64

define media bias and the reason for public criticism of media

New cards
65

explain the role of media in elections and other government activities

New cards
66

explain rules that govern media

New cards
67

define yellow media

New cards
68

define public opinion and public culture

New cards
69

explain how to measure public opinion

New cards
70

explain how public opinion leaders are selected and recognized

New cards
71

describe the difference b/t random and quota sampling used to collect public opinion

New cards
72

explain the bias associated with opinion polls and surveys

New cards
73

explain how voter turnout is impacted by polls and surveys

New cards
74

list alternative forms of political participation

New cards
75

explain the difference b/t laws and customs

New cards
76

define American law

law created by the U.S. constitution

New cards
77

define code law

New cards
78

explain the difference b/t criminal law and civil law

New cards
79

define statutory law

New cards
80

describe administration, regulatory and religious law

New cards
81

explain the steps of the public policy process

New cards
82

list types of policy

New cards
83

give examples of Republican and Democrat policy beliefs

New cards
84

define social insurance progrmas

New cards
85

describe public assistance programs

New cards
86

explain the difference b/t market and state controlled economies

New cards
87

define and give examples of regulatory policy

New cards
88

explain governmental policies to protect the U.S. economy

New cards
89

describe business cycles influenced by governmental decisions

New cards
90

explain how government promotes economic interests

New cards
91

define fiscal policy

New cards
92

explain how monetary policy is determined by the federal reserve

New cards
93

describe types of U.S. foreign policy

New cards
94

explain which government entities are responsible for foreign policy

New cards
95

describe situations that for U.S. military power

New cards
96

explain how government protects the ideals, interests, and needs of America

New cards
97

explain the economic rationale for a national security policy

New cards
98

list the tools of foreign policy

New cards
99

list important veteran organizations

New cards
100

explain the difference b/t globalization and nationalism

New cards

Explore top notes

note Note
studied byStudied by 22 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 5 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 9 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 10 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 18 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 9 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 27 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 894 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(5)

Explore top flashcards

flashcards Flashcard24 terms
studied byStudied by 5 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
flashcards Flashcard33 terms
studied byStudied by 1 person
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard138 terms
studied byStudied by 53 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(3)
flashcards Flashcard50 terms
studied byStudied by 36 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard23 terms
studied byStudied by 1 person
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard116 terms
studied byStudied by 21 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard42 terms
studied byStudied by 36 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard188 terms
studied byStudied by 26 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)