Vocab a- through dys-

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102 Terms

1

a-, an-

Absence, lack of

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2

ab-

departing from, away from (abnormal), departing from normal

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3

acou-

hearing (acoustic)

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4

ac-, acro-

extreme or extremity (acrodermatitis)

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5

ad-

to, toward (adorbital)

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6

aden-

gland

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7

adren-

toward the kidney (adrenal gland)

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8

aero-

air (aerobic respiration)

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9

af-

toward (afferent neurons, which carry impulses to the central nervous system)

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10

agon-

contest (agonistic and antagonistic muscles, which oppose each other)

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11

alb-

white (albino)

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12

aliment-

nourish (alimentary canal, or digestive tract)

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13

allel-

of one another (alleles, alternative expressions of a gene)

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14

amphi-

on both sides of (amphibian)

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15

ana-

apart, up, again (anaphase of mitosis when chromosomes separate)

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16

anastomos-

come together (arteriovenous anastomosis, a connection between an artery and a vein)

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17

aneurysm

a widening (aortic aneurysm, a weak spot that causes enlargement of the blood vessel)

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18

angi-

vessel (angiitis, inflammation of a lymph vessel or blood vessel)

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19

angin-

choked (angina pectoris, a choked feeling in the chest due to dysfunction of the heart)

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20

ant-, anti-

opposed to, preventing, inhibiting (anticoagulant, a substance that prevents blood coagulation)

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21

ante-

preceding; before (antecubital, in front of the elbow)

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22

aort-

great artery (aorta)

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23

ap-, api-

tip (extremity apex of the heart)

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24

append-

hang to (appendicular skeleton)

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25

aqua-, aque-

water (aqueous solutions)

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26

arbor-

tree (arbor vitae of the cerebellum, the treelike pattern of white matter)

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27

areola-

open space (areolar connective tissue, a loose connective tissue)

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28

arrect-

upright (arrector pili muscles of the skin, which make the hairs stand erect)

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29

arthr-, arthro-

joint (arthropathy, any joint disease)

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30

artic-

joint (articular surfaces of bones, the points of connection)

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31

atri-

vestibule (atria, upper chambers of the heart)

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32

auscult-

listen (auscultatory method for measuring blood pressure)

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33

aut-, auto-

self (autogenous, self-generated)

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34

ax-, axi-, axo

axis (axle axial skeleton, axis of vertebral column)

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35

azyg-

unpaired (azygous vein, an unpaired vessel)

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36

baro-

pressure (baroreceptors for monitoring blood pressure)

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37

basal

base (basal lamina of epithelial basement membrane)

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38

bi-

two

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39

bili-

bile (bilirubin, a bile pigment)

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40

bio-

life (biology)

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41

blast-

bud, germ (blastocyte, undifferentiated embryonic cell)

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42

brachi-

arm (brachial plexus of peripheral nervous system supplies the arm

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43

brady-

slow (bradycardia, slow heart rate)

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44

brev-

short (fibularis brevis, a short leg muscle)

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45

broncho-

bronchus (bronchospasm, spasmodic contraction of bronchial muscle)

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46

bucco-

cheek (buccolabial, pertaining to the cheek and lip)

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47

calor-

heat (calories, a measure of energy)

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48

capill-

hair (blood and lymph capillaries)

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49

caput-

head (decapitate, remove the head)

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50

carcin-

cancer (carcinogen, a cancer-causing agent)

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51

cardi-, cardio-

heart (cardiotoxic, harmful to the heart)

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52

carneo-

flesh (trabeculae carneae, ridges of muscle in the ventricles of the heart)

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53

carot-

carrot, (2) stupor (1) carotene, an orange pigment, (2) carotid arteries in the neck, blockage of which causes fainting

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54

cata-

down (catabolism, chemical breakdown)

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55

caud-

tail (caudal)

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56

cec-

blind (cecum of large intestine, a blind-ended pouch)

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57

cele-

abdominal (celiac artery, in the abdomen)

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58

cephal-

head (cephalometer, an instrument for measuring the head)

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59

cerebro-

brain, especially the cerebrum (cerebrospinal, pertaining to the brain and spinal cord)

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60

cervic-, cervix-

neck (cervix of the uterus)

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61

chiasm-

crossing (optic chiasma, where optic nerves cross)

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62

chole-

bile (cholesterol, cholecystokinin, a bile-secreting hormone)

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63

chondr-

cartilage (chondrogenic, giving rise to cartilage)

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64

chrom-

colored (chromosome, so named because they stain darkly)

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65

cili-

small hair (ciliated epithelium)

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66

circum-

around (circumference)

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67

clavic-

key (clavicle, a "skeleton key")

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68

co-, con-

together (concentric, common center, together in the center)

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69

coccy-

cuckoo (coccyx, which is beak-shaped)

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70

cochlea-

snail shell (the cochlea of the inner ear, which is coiled like a snail shell)

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71

coel-

hollow (coelom, the ventral body cavity)

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72

commis-

united (gray commissure of the spinal cord connects the two columns of gray matter)

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73

concha-

shell (nasal conchae, coiled shelves of bone in the nasal cavity)

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74

contra-

against, opposite (contraception)

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75

corn-, cornu-

horn (stratum corneum, outer layer of the skin composed of horny cells)

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76

corona-

crown (coronal suture of the skull)

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77

corp-

body (corpse)

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78

cort-

bark (cortex, the outer layer of the brain, kidney, adrenal glands, and lymph nodes)

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79

cost-

rib (intercostal, between the ribs)

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80

crani-

skull (craniotomy, a skull operation)

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81

crypt-

hidden (cryptomenorrhea, a condition in which menstrual symptoms are experienced but no external loss of blood occurs)

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82

cusp-

pointed (bicuspid and tricuspid, valves of the heart)

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83

cutic-

skin (cuticle of the nail)

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84

cyan-

blue (cyanosis, blue color of the skin due to lack of oxygen)

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85

cyst-

sac, bladder (cystitis, inflammation of the urinary bladder)

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86

cyt-

cell (cytology, the study of cells)

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87

de-

undoing, reversal, loss, removal (deactivation, becoming inactive)

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88

decid-

falling off (deciduous (milk) teeth)

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89

delta

triangular (deltoid muscle, roughly triangular shape)

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90

den-, dent-

tooth (dentin of the tooth)

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91

dendr-

tree, branch (dendrites, branches of a neuron)

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92

derm-

Skin (dermis)

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93

desm-

bond (desmosome, which binds adjacent epithelial cells)

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94

di

twice, double (dimorphism, having two forms)

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95

dia-

through, between (diaphragm, the wall between the two areas)

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96

dialys-

separate, break apart (kidney dialysis, in which waste products are removed from the blood)

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97

diastol-

stand apart (cardiac diastole, between successive contractions of the heart)

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98

diure-

urinate (diuretic, a drug that increases urine output)

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99

dors-

the back (dorsal, dorsum, dorsiflexion)

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100

duc-, duct-

to lead, to draw (conduction, ductile)

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