Unit 5 Study Guide

studied byStudied by 0 people
0.0(0)
get a hint
hint

what is a sign?

1 / 147

Tags and Description

Health

12th

148 Terms

1

what is a sign?

something you can see and observe about

New cards
2

what are some examples of a sign?

-pale skin

-rapid pulse

-open wound to the chest

New cards
3

what is a symptom?

somethings a patient feels or may complain about

  • can be obvious or very subtle

New cards
4

what is some examples of a symptom?

-pain

-nausea

New cards
5

what is a chief complaint?

begins with the reason why EMS was called

New cards
6

what does the S mean in SAMPLE?

Signs and symptoms

New cards
7

what questions can you ask for the S in SAMPLE?

-”what is going on today”

-’how are you feeling”

New cards
8

what does the A mean in SAMPLE?

Allergies

New cards
9

what questions can you ask for the A in SAMPLE?

-”any allergies”

-”alleriges to medications”

-”allergies to anything ingested or exposed to'“

New cards
10

What does the M mean in SAMPLE?

Medications

New cards
11

what questions can you ask for the M in SAMPLE?

-”are you taking any medications”

-”supplements”

-”if so what are they”

-”can I see them”

-”what are they”

  • Colect and bring with patient to the hospital

New cards
12

What does the P mean in SAMPLE?

past medical history

New cards
13

what questions do you ask for the P in SAMPLE?

-”has this happened before”

-”diabetic”

-”Past heart troubles”

New cards
14

What does the L mean in SAMPLE?

last oral intake

New cards
15

what questions can you ask for the L in SAMPLE?

“when did you last eat”

New cards
16

What does the E mean in SAMPLE?

Events leading up to the problem

New cards
17

what questions can you ask for the E in SAMPLE?

-“what were you doing when this started”

New cards
18

What does the O mean in OPQRST?

Onset

New cards
19

what questions can you ask for the O in OPQRST?

-”what brought this on”

-”what were you doing”

New cards
20

What does the P mean in OPQRST?

Provaction

New cards
21

what questions can you ask for the P in OPQRST?

-”does anything make it better or worse

New cards
22

What does the Q mean in OPQRST?

Quality

New cards
23

what questions can you ask for the Q in OPQRST?

-”desrcibe your pain”

-”is it sharp or dull”

-”does it come and go or is it consistent”

New cards
24

what does R mean in OPQRST?

Region and Radiation

New cards
25

what questions can you ask for the R in OPQRST?

-”point to where it hurts”

-”does the paint travel anywhere”

New cards
26

What does the S mean in OPQRST?

Severity/Scale

New cards
27

what questions can you ask for the S in OPQRST?

-”on a scale 1-10, 10 being the worst pain you have ever felt. How would you rate your pain”

New cards
28

What does the T mean in OPQRST?

Time

New cards
29

what questions can you ask for the T in OPQRST?

-”what time did this start”

New cards
30

What are 5 good questions you can ask bystanders to get additional information about a patient that is unresponsive and cannot speak for themselves?

  • “What is the patients name”

  • “Did you see what happened”

  • “Did the patient complain of anything before this happened”

  • “Does the patient have any known illnesses”

  • “Does the patient take any medications that you know of”

New cards
31

What are the 7 vital sign you will be taking as an EMR?

  • Mental status

  • Respiration

  • Pulse

  • Skin

  • Pupils

  • Blood pressure

  • Pulse oximetry

New cards
32

What is the baseline set of vitals?

is the firs test of vitals taken

New cards
33

what does trending mean?

Using more than one set of vital signs to detect changes or “trends” in patient conditions

New cards
34

What is the definition of mental status?

is the general condition of a patients Level Of Conciousness?

New cards
35

What does the A mean in AVPU?

Alert

New cards
36

what does the A do in AVPU?

Who they are (person, place, time, event)

  • Questioning

New cards
37

what does the V mean in AVPU?

Verbal

New cards
38

what does the V do in AVPU?

Response to verbal stimuli

New cards
39

what does the P mean in AVPU?

Pain

New cards
40

What does the P mean in AVPU?

response to only painful stimuli

New cards
41

what does the U mean in AVPU?

Unresponsive

New cards
42

What does the U do in AVPU?

Unresponsive patients are a high priority

New cards
43

Alert means many things. We evaluate how alert a patient is by assessing 3 things and giving them a “score”. What are the things we evaluate?

-Who they are (person)

-Where are they (place)

-Time of day (time)

-their current situation (event)

New cards
44

If your patient is alert but only know their name and where they are, we report that they are

A&OX 2 (Alert and Oriented times X)

New cards
45

What is the normal breathing rate for an adult?

12-20

New cards
46

What is the normal breathing rate for a child?

15-30

New cards
47

What is the normal breathing rate for an Infant?

30-60

New cards
48

How to assess the Respiratory Rate?

Count breaths for 30 seconds and multiply by 2

New cards
49

What does Auscultate mean?

To listen to internal body sounds typically with a stethoscope

New cards
50

Where should the placement of the stethoscope go on a patients back?

right under the shoulder blades

New cards
51

Where should the placement of the stethoscope go on a patients front side?

A few inches lower from the clavicle or collar bone

New cards
52

Where should the placement of the stethoscope go on a patients side?

in the midaxillary following the nipple line on the side

New cards
53

what is pulse?

pressures waves generated by the contraction of the left ventricle

New cards
54

How to take a patients pulse?

30 seconds and mulitply by 2

New cards
55

Which pulse (body location) do you take for a Responsive adult?

Check radial location (wrist)

New cards
56

Which pulse (body location) do you take for a Unresponsive adult?

Check carotid pulse (neck)

New cards
57

For an infant less than 1 year, where do you obtain their pulse?

check brachial pulse (inner arm)

New cards
58

What is the average pulse rate for an adult?

60-100 bpm (resting)

New cards
59

What is the average pulse rate for children 3 months to 2 years?

85-205 bpm

New cards
60

For an adult, Tachycardia is a heart rate that is over…

100 ppm

New cards
61

For an adult, Bradycardia is a heart rate that is under..

<60 bpm

New cards
62

what is palpation mean?

Using ones hands to touch or feel a body

New cards
63

What is the full medical name for a Blood Pressure Cuff?

Sphygmomanometer

New cards
64

What is the Systolic pressure mean?

Blood pressure is the higher pressure prevent during contraction of the left ventricle

New cards
65

what number is the Systolic pressure?

118/78

118/78

New cards
66

What is Diastolic pressure?

Blood pressure is the pressure present during the relaxation of the left ventricle

New cards
67

What number is the Diastolic pressure?

118/78

118/78

New cards
68

What is an average blood pressure for an adult?

120/80

New cards
69

A systolic pressure above _____ is considered high

140 bpm

New cards
70

Blood pressures for children under ____ years old unreliable

3

New cards
71

When taking a blood pressure by palpation, if you got a systolic pressure of 116, how do you write this for documentation?

116/p

New cards
72

What is the difference between palpating a blood pressure and ausculating a blood pressure?

only get the styli pressure when palpate

New cards
73

What are the 3 things we are assessing when we are checking the skin?

  • Color

  • Temperature

  • Moisture/Condition

New cards
74

What is the possible cause for Red (flushed) Warm toned skin?

Hypertensive or heat issue

New cards
75

What is the possible cause for Pale skin?

Blood loss of shock

New cards
76

What is the possible cause for Cyanotic (blue) Cool toned skin?

Respiratory compromise

New cards
77

What is the possible cause for jaundiced (yellow) skin?

Underlying liver problems

New cards
78

What are the 4 places on the body that we look for so we can determine the skin color or pressing status of a patient with darker skin?

-Oral Mucosa

  • Inside the lower lip, should be pink and moist

-Conjunctiva

  • Skin that surrounds each eye. should be pink and moist

-Nail beds

  • tissue below each finer or toenail

-palms

  • Capillary refill test can indicate perfusion status

New cards
79

What does it mean when out patient is Diaphoretic?

Excessively sweaty

New cards
80

Capillary refil is another took to evaluate perfusion status. How do we check capitulary refill?

pushing on the sides of the skin and releasing. the skin should pink back up

New cards
81

An average adult should have a capillary refill of ___ seconds or less

2

New cards
82

what are the 3 things we are assessing when we look at the pupils?

  • size

  • Equality: ensure both pupils

  • Reactivity to light

    -Constriction: sudden introduction of light

    -Dilation: When light to pupil is blocked

New cards
83

When assessing the pupils. we use this PERRL mnemonic. what does the letter P stand for?

Pupils

New cards
84

When assessing the pupils. we use this PERRL mnemonic. what does the letter E stand for?

Equal

New cards
85

When assessing the pupils. we use this PERRL mnemonic. what does the first letter R stand for?

Round

New cards
86

When assessing the pupils. we use this PERRL mnemonic. what does the second letter R stand for?

Reactive to

New cards
87

When assessing the pupils. we use this PERRL mnemonic. what does the letter L stand for?

Light

New cards
88

Dilated, non-reactive pupils =

shock, cardiac arrest, bleeding, certain meds, head injury

New cards
89

constricted, non-reactive pupils =

Central nervous system damage, certain meds

New cards
90

Unequal pupils=

Stroke or the head injury

New cards
91

When measuring the pulse oximetry

____% SpO2 is considered normal

97-100%

New cards
92

When measuring the pulse oximetry

____% SpO2 is considered Hypoxic

94% or less

New cards
93

When measuring the pulse oximetry

____% SpO2 is considered severely hypoxic

89%

New cards
94

What is the purpose of a Scene Size-Up?

To ensure scene safety

New cards
95

What are the 6 components of a Scene Size Up?

  • Take standard precautions (PPE)

  • To ensure Scene Safety

  • Determine mechanism of injury or nature of illness

  • Establish the number of patients

  • Determine the need the additional resources

  • Considers stabilization of Spine or C-Spine

New cards
96

What is mechanism of injury (MOI)?

Force or forces that caused the injury. Used for traumas

New cards
97

What is nature of illness (NOI)?

What is medically wrong with the patient. Directly related to a chief complaint used for medicals

New cards
98

Whare is a Medical patient?

Describe illness

Ex: Heart attack

New cards
99

What is a Trauma patient?

something caused it

Ex: car vs person

New cards
100

what is general impression?

On approach, the first informal impression of the patients overall condition. sick/not sick

New cards

Explore top notes

note Note
studied byStudied by 6 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 13 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 22 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 11 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 4 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 8 people
Updated ... ago
4.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 754 people
Updated ... ago
4.9 Stars(14)
note Note
studied byStudied by 1395 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)

Explore top flashcards

flashcards Flashcard119 terms
studied byStudied by 42 people
Updated ... ago
4.5 Stars(2)
flashcards Flashcard136 terms
studied byStudied by 9 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard32 terms
studied byStudied by 11 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
flashcards Flashcard101 terms
studied byStudied by 16 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(2)
flashcards Flashcard25 terms
studied byStudied by 131 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard24 terms
studied byStudied by 1 person
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard21 terms
studied byStudied by 1 person
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard242 terms
studied byStudied by 5 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)