Digestive system

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103 Terms

1

abdomin/o-

abdomen

<p>abdomen</p>
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2

amyl/o

starch

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3

antr/o-

relationship to an antrum

<p>relationship to an antrum</p>
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4

appendic/o

appendix

<p>appendix</p>
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5

-ase

enzyme

<p>enzyme</p>
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6

bilirubin/o

bilirubin

<p>bilirubin</p>
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7

celi/o

belly, abdomen

<p>belly, abdomen</p>
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8

cheiol/o

Lip

<p>Lip</p>
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9

chol/e, bil/i

gall, bile

<p>gall, bile</p>
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10

cholecyst/o

gallbladder

<p>gallbladder</p>
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11

choledoch/o

common bile duct

<p>common bile duct</p>
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12

col/o, colon/o

colon

<p>colon</p>
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13

dent/o, odont/o

teeth

<p>teeth</p>
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14

duoden/o

duodenum

<p>duodenum</p>
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15

enter/o

small intestine

<p>small intestine</p>
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16

esophag/o

esophagus

<p>esophagus</p>
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17

gastr/o

stomach

<p>stomach</p>
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18

gingiv/o

gums

<p>gums</p>
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19

gloss/o-

tongue

<p>tongue</p>
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20

gluc/o, glyc/o

sugar

<p>sugar</p>
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21

palat/o

palate

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22

hepat/o

liver

<p>liver</p>
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23

ile/o

Ileum

<p>Ileum</p>
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24

-iasis

abnormal condition

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25

jejun/o

jejunum

<p>jejunum</p>
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26

labi/o, cheil/o

lip

<p>lip</p>
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27

lingu/o, gloss/o

tongue

<p>tongue</p>
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28

lip/o, steat/o

fat, lipids

<p>fat, lipids</p>
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29

or/o

mouth, oral

<p>mouth, oral</p>
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30

palat/o

palate

<p>palate</p>
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31

pancreat/o

pancreas

<p>pancreas</p>
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32

peritone/o

peritoneum

<p>peritoneum</p>
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33

pharyng/o

pharynx, throat

<p>pharynx, throat</p>
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34

polyp-

a tumor with a pedicle (many footed)

<p>a tumor with a pedicle (many footed)</p>
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35

-prandial

meal

<p>meal</p>
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36

proct/o

anus, rectum

<p>anus, rectum</p>
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37

pylor/o

pylorus

<p>pylorus</p>
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38

rect/o

rectum

<p>rectum</p>
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39

sial/o

Saliva

<p>Saliva</p>
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40

sialladen/o

Salivary galnd

<p>Salivary galnd</p>
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41

sigmoid/o

Sigmoid colon

<p>Sigmoid colon</p>
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42

spleen/o

Spleen

<p>Spleen</p>
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43

stomat/o

Mouth

<p>Mouth</p>
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44

submaxill/o

Lower jaw

<p>Lower jaw</p>
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45

tonsill/o

Tonsil

<p>Tonsil</p>
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46

dys-

bad, difficult, painful

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47

re-

back

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48

retro-

backward, back

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49

sub-

under, below

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50

-clysis

irrigation, washing

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51

-ectomy

surgical removal

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52

-flux

flow

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53

-gram

record

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54

-iasis

abnormal condition

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55

-ist

a specialist

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56

-itis

inflammation

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57

-lithiasis

calculus or stone

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58

-lytic

destruction or breakdown

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59

-orrhaphy

surgical fixation or suturing

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60

-rrhaphy

Suturing in place

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61

-ostomy

creation of an artificial opening

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62

-plasty

repair

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63

-pahgia

eating, swallowing

<p>eating, swallowing</p>
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64

-prandal

meal

<p>meal</p>
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65

-scope

instrument for examining

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66

-spasm

sudden involuntary muscle

contraction

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67

Anorexia

Lack of appetite

<p>Lack of appetite</p>
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68

Anorexia nervosa

Psychiatric disorder; an abnormal fear of becoming obese

<p>Psychiatric disorder; an abnormal fear of becoming obese</p>
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69

Aphagia

Inability to swallow

<p>Inability to swallow</p>
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70

Aphthous stomatitis

Canker sores in the mouth

<p>Canker sores in the mouth</p>
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71

Ascites

Abnormal accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity caused by cirrhosis, tumors, and infection

<p>Abnormal accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity caused by cirrhosis, tumors, and infection</p>
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72

Borborygmus

Rumbling, gurgling sound made by moving of gas in the intestine

<p>Rumbling, gurgling sound made by moving of gas in the intestine</p>
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73

Bruxism

Grinding the teeth involuntarily, often while sleeping

<p>Grinding the teeth involuntarily, often while sleeping</p>
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74

Calculus

Stones

<p>Stones</p>
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75

Cashexia

Generalized poor nutrition

<p>Generalized poor nutrition</p>
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76

Cathartic

Strong laxative

<p>Strong laxative</p>
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77

Cholelithiasis

Condition of having gallstones

<p>Condition of having gallstones</p>
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78

Cleft palate

Congenital split in the roof of the mouth or upper lip

<p>Congenital split in the roof of the mouth or upper lip</p>
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79

Constipation

Difficult or delayed defecation caused by low peristalsis movement, by over-absorption of water as its contents sit too long in the intestine, or by dehydration

<p>Difficult or delayed defecation caused by low peristalsis movement, by over-absorption of water as its contents sit too long in the intestine, or by dehydration</p>
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80

Dental caries

Cavities in the teeth (caries means “decay”)

<p>Cavities in the teeth (caries means “decay”)</p>
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81

Diarrhea

Frequent discharge of liquid stool (feces)

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82

Diverticula

Abnormal side pockets in hollow structures such as the intestines, sigmoid colon, and duodenum

<p>Abnormal side pockets in hollow structures such as the intestines, sigmoid colon, and duodenum</p>
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83

Duodenal ulcer

Ulcer in the duodenum

<p>Ulcer in the duodenum</p>
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84

Dyspepsia

Difficult digestion

<p>Difficult digestion</p>
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85

Dysphagia

Difficulty swallowing

<p>Difficulty swallowing</p>
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86

Dysphasia

Difficulty speaking

<p>Difficulty speaking</p>
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87

Edentulous

Without teeth

<p>Without teeth</p>
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88

Gastric ulcer

Lesion on the wall of the stomach (peptic ulcer)

<p>Lesion on the wall of the stomach (peptic ulcer)</p>
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89

Gastritis

Inflammation of the stomach

<p>Inflammation of the stomach</p>
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90

Gastrodynia

Pain in the stomach

<p>Pain in the stomach</p>
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91

Gingivitis

Inflammation of the gums

<p>Inflammation of the gums</p>
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92

Heartburn

Burning sensation caused by reflux or flowing back of acid from the stomach into the esophagus

<p>Burning sensation caused by reflux or flowing back of acid from the stomach into the esophagus</p>
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93

Hematemesis

Vomiting blood

<p>Vomiting blood</p>
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94

Hemorrhoids

Swollen or twisted veins either outside or just inside the anus

<p>Swollen or twisted veins either outside or just inside the anus</p>
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95

Hepatoma

Tumor of the liver

<p>Tumor of the liver</p>
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96

Hepatomegaly

Enlargement of the liver

<p>Enlargement of the liver</p>
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97

Hernia

A protrusion of an organ or part of an organ through the wall of the cavity that contains it

<p>A protrusion of an organ or part of an organ through the wall of the cavity that contains it</p>
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98

Herpes simplex

Cold sore or fever blister on the lip or nose due to the herpes virus

<p>Cold sore or fever blister on the lip or nose due to the herpes virus</p>
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99

Anal fistula

An abnormal tube-like passageway near the anus communicating with the rectum

<p>An abnormal tube-like passageway near the anus communicating with the rectum</p>
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100

Anorexia

Psychiatric condition involving self-deprivation of food, lack of appetite, and pathological weight loss

<p>Psychiatric condition involving self-deprivation of food, lack of appetite, and pathological weight loss</p>
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