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clots, to clot
fiber, fibrous tissue
little grain, granular
acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)
A disease caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), which is transmitted through sexual contact, exposure to infected blood or blood components, and perinatally from mother to newborn.
Process of clumping together, as of blood cells that are incompatible.
One of a group of simple proteins found in blood plasma and serum.
An individual hypersensitivity to a substance that is usually harmless.
Unusual or exaggerated allergic reaction to foreign proteins or other substances. It can occur suddenly, be life-threatening, and affect the whole body.
Condition in which there is a reduction in the number of circulating red blood cells, the amount of hemoglobin, or the volume of packed red cells (hematocrit).
Condition in which the erythrocytes are unequal in size and shape.
Protein substance produced in the body in response to an invading foreign substance (antigen).
A substance that works against the formation of blood clots; a class of medication used in certain patients to prevent blood from clotting.
Invading foreign substance that induces the formation of antibodies.
Condition in which the body’s immune system becomes defective and produces antibodies against itself.
Process of infusing a patient’s own blood.
Capable of forming a clot.
Excess of creatine (nitrogenous compound produced by metabolic processes) in the blood.
Particle or mass (most likely a blood clot) that travels through the bloodstream. It can lodge in a blood vessel, producing blockage and causing organ damage.
Immature red blood cell that is found only in bone marrow and still contains a nucleus.
Mature red blood cell, which does not contain a nucleus.
Abnormal condition in which there is an increase in production of red blood cells.
Formation of red blood cells.
Hormone that stimulates the production of red blood cells.
Process by which fluids and/or intravenous (IV) medications can escape from the blood vessel into surrounding tissue.
Insoluble protein formed from fibrinogen by the action of thrombin in the blood-clotting process.
Blood protein converted to fibrin by the action of thrombin in the blood-clotting process.
Plasma protein found in body fluids and cells.
Granular leukocyte (white blood cell containing granules); a polymorphonuclear white blood cell (includes neutrophils, eosinophils, or basophils).
Literally means one who specializes in the study of the blood.
Literally means study of the blood.
Collection of blood that has escaped from a blood vessel into the surrounding tissues; results from trauma or incomplete hemostasis after surgery.
Genetic condition in which iron is not metabolized properly and accumulates in body tissues.
hemoglobin (Hb, Hgb, HGB)
A protein inside red blood cells that carries oxygen from the lungs to tissues and organs in the body and carries carbon dioxide back to the lungs.
Destruction of red blood cells.
Hereditary blood condition characterized by prolonged coagulation and tendency to bleed.
Literally means bursting forth of blood; bleeding.
Control or stopping of bleeding.
A natural substance found in the liver, lungs, and other body tissues that inhibits blood clotting (anticoagulant).
A pathological condition of excessive amounts of calcium in the blood.
Pathological condition of excessive amounts of sugar in the blood.
Pathological condition of excessive amounts of lipids (fat) in the blood.
Condition of deficient amounts of sugar in the blood; low blood sugar.
Deficient amount of oxygen in the blood, cells, and tissues.
Blood protein capable of acting as an antibody.
Kaposi sarcoma (KS)
Malignant neoplasm that causes violaceous (violet-colored) vascular lesions and general lymphadenopathy (diseased lymph nodes).
Separation of white blood cells from the blood, which is then transfused back into the patient.
Cancer of the white blood cells. The bone marrow produces abnormal white blood cells and these cells crowd out healthy blood cells, making it difficult for blood to do its work.
Abnormal decrease of white blood cells, literally means lack of white blood cells.