Unit 7

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108 Terms

1

anastomosis

connecting two tubular structures

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2

-stomosis

making a new opening

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3

amylase

enzyme that breaks down starch

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4

appendicitis

inflammation of the appendix

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5

artesia

closure, occlusion

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6

bariatrics

specialty that treats obesity

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7

cathartic

agent that relieves constipation

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8

cheil/o

lip

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9

cheiloplasty

surgical repair of the lips

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10

cheilosis

condition of the lips

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11

cheilostomatoplasty

repair of the lips and mouth

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12

stomat/o, or/o

mouth

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13

cheilotomy

incision into the lip

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14

cholangiopancreatography

process of taking x-ray of the biliary and pancreatic ducts using contrast media

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15

cholecystograph

x-ray picture of the gallbladder

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16

Cirrhosis

chronic degenerative disease of the liver

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17

colic

pertaining to the colon

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18

colo-

colon

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19

colocentesis

surgical puncture of the colon to remove fluid

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20

coloclysis

irrigation of the colon

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21

colopexy

surgical fixation of the colon

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22

coloptosis

prolapsed colon

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23

colorectal

pertaining to the colon and rectum

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24

colostomy

creation of an artificial opening into the colon

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25

Diverticulitis

inflammation of diverticula of the intestine

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26

diverticul/osis

diverticulum

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27

dysentery

inflammation of the large intestine

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28

enterectasia

stretching of the intestine

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29

ctasia

dilating, stretching

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30

enteritis

inflammation of the small intestine

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31

enterocele

intestinal hernia

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32

enterocentesis

surgical puncture of the intestine to remove fluid

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33

enterocylsis

irrigation of the intestine

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34

enteroplegia

paralysis of the intestine

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35

enteroptosis

prolapse of the intestine

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36

entero

intestine

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37

enterorrhagia

hemorrhage of the intestine

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38

enteroscope

instrument for examining the intestine

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39

epigastic

above the stomach

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40

esophageal

pertaining to the esophagus

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41

esophagoduodenostomy

anastomosis between the esophagus and duodenum

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42

esophagogastric

pertaining to the esophagus and stomach

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43

esophagostenosis

narrowing of the esophagus

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44

gastrectasia

stretching of the stomach

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45

gastric

pertaining to the stomach

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46

gasritis

inflammation of the stomach

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47

gastroclysis

irrigation of the stomach

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48

gastroenterology

study of the stomach and intestines

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49

gastroenteroptosis

prolapse of stomach and intestine

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50

gastrorrhagia

hemorrhage of the stomach

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51

gingival

pertaining to the gums

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52

gingivalgia

gum pain

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53

gingivectomy

surgical removal of gum tissue

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54

gingivoglossitis

inflammation of the gums and tongue

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55

glossal

tounge

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56

glossalgia

pain in the tongue

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57

glossoplegia

paralysis of the tongue

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58

glossoptosis

prolapse of the tongue

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59

hepat/o

liver

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60

hepatectomy

excision of the liver

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61

Hepatitis

inflammation of the liver

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62

hepatocele

hernia of the liver

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63

hepatodynia

liver pain

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64

hepatolith

liver stone

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65

hepatopathy

any disease of the liver

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66

hepatorrhagia

hemorrhage of the liver

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67

hepatorrhaphy

suture of the liver

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68

hypoglossal

under the tongue

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69

ileocecal

pertaining to the ileum and cecum

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70

linguogingival

pertaining to the gums and tongue

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71

lactase

enzyme that breaks down lactose

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72

lipase

enzyme that breaks down fat

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73

mastication

chewing

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74

occult

hidden

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75

pancreatic

pertaining to the pancreas

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76

pancreatectomy

excision of the pancreas

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77

pancreatolith

stone in the pancreas

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78

pancreatolysis

destruction of pancreatic tissue

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79

pancreatopathy

any disease of the pancreas

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80

paraesophageal

around the esophagus

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81

proctolysis

irrigation of the rectum and anus

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82

proctopexy

the surgical fixation of a prolapsed rectum to an adjacent tissue or organ

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83

proctoplegia

paralysis of the rectum and anus

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84

-plegia

paralysis

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85

proctorrhaphy

suture of the anus and rectum

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86

rectocele

hernia of the rectum

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87

rectolysis

irrigation of the rectum

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88

rectocystotomy

incision into the urinary bladder through the rectum

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89

rectoplasty

surgical repair of the rectum

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90

rectorrhaphy

suturing of the rectum

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91

rectourethral

pertaining to the rectum and urethra

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92

sigmoidoscope

instrument for examining the sigmoid and large colon

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93

splen/o

spleen

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94

splenectomy

excision of the spleen

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95

splenomegaly

enlarged spleen

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96

splenopathy

any disease of the spleen

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97

splenopexy

fixation of a prolapsed spleen

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98

splenoptosis

prolapsed spleen

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99

splenorrhagia

hemorrhage of the spleen

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100

splenorrhaphy

suturing of the spleen

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