Anatomy- cardiovascular system

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apex of the heart

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1

apex of the heart

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2

base of heart

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3

Sternocostal surface of the heart

up against sternum and ribs

<p>up against sternum and ribs</p>
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4

diaphragmatic surface of the heart

<p></p>
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pulmonary surface of the heart

left surface

<p>left surface</p>
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6

right border of the heart

right lateral side of right atrium

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left border of heart

formed by left ventricle

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8

right atrium of the heart

<p></p>
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left atrium of the heart

<p></p>
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10

right auricle of heart

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left auricle of heart

<p></p>
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right ventricle

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left ventricle

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14

aortic trunk/ascending aorta

<p></p>
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pulmonary trunk

<p></p>
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inferior vena cava

<p></p>
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superior vena cava

<p></p>
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anterior interventricular groove

2- groove

<p>2- groove</p>
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posterior interventricular groove

<p></p>
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20

coronary (atrioventricular) groove

the groove

<p>the groove</p>
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21

aortic arch

<p></p>
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22

brachiocephalic artery

<p></p>
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23

right common carotid artery

red

<p>red</p>
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right common carotid artery and right subclavian

brachiocephalic artery branches into

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25

right subclavian artery

red

<p>red</p>
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left common carotid artery

middle

<p>middle</p>
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left subclavian artery

<p></p>
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descending aorta

<p></p>
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thoracic aorta

<p></p>
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abdominal aorta

<p></p>
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celiac artery

<p></p>
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splenic artery

<p></p>
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common hepatic artery

red

<p>red</p>
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34

left gastric artery

2

<p>2</p>
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superior mesenteric artery

<p></p>
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inferior mesenteric artery

<p></p>
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left renal artery

<p></p>
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right common iliac artery

SUPERIOR TO THIS- before branch

<p>SUPERIOR TO THIS- before branch</p>
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39

right inferior iliac artery

red

<p>red</p>
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Right Exterior Iliac Artery

red

<p>red</p>
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left pulmonary artery

<p></p>
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right pulmonary artery

goes "through" aortic arch- blue branch

<p>goes "through" aortic arch- blue branch</p>
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ductus (ligamentum) arteriosus

<p></p>
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right coronary artery

red

<p>red</p>
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right marginal artery

<p></p>
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posterior interventricular artery

<p></p>
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left coronary artery

29- more superior

<p>29- more superior</p>
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circumflex artery

<p></p>
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anterior interventricular artery

<p></p>
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superior vena cava

<p></p>
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pulmonary veins

<p></p>
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portal vein

<p></p>
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left brachiocephalic vein

blue

<p>blue</p>
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right brachiocephalic vein

blue

<p>blue</p>
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left subclavian vein

blue

<p>blue</p>
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right axillary vein

<p></p>
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right subclavian vein

blue

<p>blue</p>
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right cephalic vein

<p></p>
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Right basilic vein

<p></p>
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Right median cubital vein

<p></p>
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right median antebrachial vein

<p></p>
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Right femoral vein/artery

<p></p>
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Right great saphenous vein

<p></p>
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Right small saphenous vein

<p></p>
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right anterior tibial vein

blue vein to the left of the arrow

<p>blue vein to the left of the arrow</p>
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left posterior tibial vein

blue vein to the right of the arrow

<p>blue vein to the right of the arrow</p>
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Right fibular vein

<p></p>
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Right posterior tibial vein

right fibular vein branches from the

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azygos vein- right side

<p></p>
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hemiazygos vein-left inferior

c

<p>c</p>
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splenic vein

<p></p>
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inferior mesenteric vein

<p></p>
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hepatic veins

<p></p>
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left renal vein

blue

<p>blue</p>
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mitral/bicuspid/left AV valve

<p></p>
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tricuspid (right AV) valve

<p></p>
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fossa ovalis

<p></p>
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interatrial septum

<p></p>
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interventricular septum

<p></p>
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opening of coronary sinus

<p></p>
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opening of inferior vena cava

<p></p>
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opening of superior vena cava

<p></p>
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papillary muscles

<p></p>
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chordae tendineae

<p></p>
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pulmonary valve

<p></p>
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aortic valve

<p></p>
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opening of right coronary artery

right small artery connects to aortic trunk

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opening of left coronary artery

left small artery connects to aortic trunk

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Aortic sinues

space just past the aortic semilunar valve but before the coronary arteries and ascending aorta

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only arteries that carry deoxygenated blood are the pulmonary arteries. The only veins that carry oxygenated blood are the pulmonary veins

Exception to the artery-vein rule

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great vessels

arteries and veins leaving he heart

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right side

this side of the heart pumps blood to the lungs

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left side

this side of the heart pumps blood to the body tissues

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right atrium-right AV valve(tricuspid valve)- right ventricle-pulmonary semilunar valve-pulmonary trunk-pulmonary arteries-gas exchange in lungs-pulmonary veins- left atrium-left AV valve(bicuspid valve/mitral valve)- left ventricle- aortic semilunar valve-aorta-system arteries- system valves- vena cava-

heart highway starting at the right atrium

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anteriorally, posteriorly

right side of the heart faces a bit ----, left side faces a bit ----

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96

pericardial sac

heart is enveloped in

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97

left atrium- posterior aspect

base of the heart is the same as the

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98

fibrous, serous sac containing heart. Restricts heart movement so it doesn't bounce, prevents overfilling

pericardium

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"outside of the bag"-tough, dense, connective tissue layer connected to . sternum and diaphragm

fibrous pericardium

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inner portion of pericardium. Thin, double layered serous membrane which accounts for parietal and visceral layer

serous pericardium

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