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What is Deductive reasoning?

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365 Terms

1

What is Deductive reasoning?

general to specific reasoning a general conclusion that has been supported by a specific amount of evidence is applied to a specific case

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2

What are logical fallacies?

errors in reasoning that render an argument invalid

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3

What is Charisma?

compelling attractiveness or charm that can inspire devotion in others. Communication that draws on values

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4

What areCharismatic leadership tactics?

communication techniques people use to make themselves more "leader-like" and be perceived by others as influential and trustworthy

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5

What is Cognitive dissonance?

the state of having inconsistent thoughts

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6

What is Positive motivation?

desire to succeed in a task which will lead to happiness and satisfaction

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7

What are Appeals to Needs?

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8

The Friedman doctrine

the only social responsibility of business is to increase profits

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9

What is Agency theory?

A situational explanation for obedience. We move between 2 states: the autonomous state & agentic state. In the agentic state

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10

What is a Company-centered model?

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11

Non-independence of economic theory

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12

What is a Moral issue?

Situations that significantly benefit or harm persons (self or others)

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13

What are Power bases?

legitimate

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14

What is the Bathsheba syndrome?

The moral corruption of people in power

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15

Psychology and power and wealth

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16

What is the Benign violation theory of humor?

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17

What are Cultural movements?

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18

What is Dominance?

behavior enacted with the goal of acquiring or demonstrating power

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19

What is Prestige?

level of respect shown to a person by others

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20

What is Dual Inheritance Theory?

Human evolution is the product of dual inheritances: genes and culture

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21

What is over imitation?

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22

Reasons team effectiveness suffers (problems in the lost in the desert exercise)

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23

What are Weaknesses of teams?

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24

What are True teams?

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25

What are Co-acting groups?

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26

Characteristics and principles of high performing teams and co-acting groups

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27

What are Meeting perceptions?

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28

What is Meeting recovery syndrome?

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29

Effective meeting management

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30

What is Prospective hindsight?

People are more likely to generate alternatives when told that something has already happened.

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31

What is the Sunk cost effect?

the willingness to do something because of money or effort already spent

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32

What is the Recency effect?

the most recent info we have about an individual is the most important in forming impressinos

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33

What is Team psychological safety?

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34

What is Complex interactions?

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35

What is Tight coupling?

where what happens in one part directly and quickly affects another part

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36

What is Common information effect?

Teams tend to spend too little time discussing unshared (unique

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37

Characteristics desired in followers

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38

Leadership trait theories

attempt to explain distinctive characteristics accounting for leadership effectiveness

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39

Leadership behavioral theories

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40

Leadership contingency theories

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41

how much more powerful than language is non-verbal communication to convey meaning?

12.5x

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42

What is an example of hard skills?

getting stuff done

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43

What is an example of soft skills?

teamwork

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44

What are some high scoring traits of CEOs?

Following through

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45

What are some low scoring traits of CEOs?

Enthusiasm

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46

What are the 4 perspectives of intrapersonal skills?

Practice

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47

How can we use intuition to make decisions at work? (deifinition

strengths

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48

What is overconfidence bias?

overestimation of one's actual ability to perform a task successfully. mother of all biases

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49

what are some examples of overconfidence bias?

wars

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50

What is confirmation bias?

tendency to search for and interpret information in a way that confirms one's existing opinions or preconceptions

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51

What is the availability heuristic?

tendency to form opinions about the commonness of events based on ease of recall. events that trigger strong emotions are easier to remember

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52

what is an example of an availability heuristic?

Since the pandemic happened once

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53

What is the anchoring effect

the tendency to form judgements about qualitative values by giving excessive weight to starting value (or anchor)

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54

What is the bandwagon effect?

the tendency to act in a certain way because many other people do. relative to groupthink and herd mentality

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55

What is experience?

extrapolation from our experience to a broad set of circumstances. conventional wisdom can be wrong and is also influenced by bias.

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56

How much % does intelligence explain the variation in performance?

16%

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57

What is bounded rationality?

a process of making decisions by constructing simplified models that extract the essential features from problems without capturing all their complexity

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58

How can we use authority to make decisions at work?

Experts or posted facts that we trust. Precise but time consuming and may not have the right info (could also have a pay wall)

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59

How can we use science to make decisions at work?

The accumulation of reliable and valid evidence

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60

Correlation does

not equal causation

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61

How much of the united states is introvert?

about half

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62

What are some of the characteristics of introverts?

prefer less stimulating environments

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63

What are some of the characteristics of extroverts?

energized by social situations

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64

Society is now considered a paradise for?

Extroverts

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65

What are the most effective screening measures?

Multi measure tests - cognitive + personality + interest + skill

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66

What are the pros and cons of 4Q tools?

PRO- widely available and inexpensive

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67

What are some of the characteristics of strong personality tests?

  1. measure stable traits that dont change too much over time2. normative in nature - compare against another's3. have a "candidness" - lie detector for accuracy4. high reliability - be a valid predictor

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68

What is an ecological fallacy?

falsely accusing properties of a group apply to an individual (there WILL be outliers)

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69

What is the 3 criteria for causality?

  1. x and y are related2. other potential causes are ruled out2. x comes before y

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70

What is critical thinking?

a systematic and comprehensive process of making objective

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71

What are 4 attributes of critical thinking?

  1. intellectual humility - admitting mistakes and errors in judgement

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72

Can personality change?

over time

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73

What is the Big Five Personality ?

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74

What do people constantly overestimate? and is even across both genders?

intelligence and generosity. Men are more likely to overestimate than women.

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75

Intelligence is PROVEN

not CLAIMED

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76

what is self-awareness?

understanding who we are and how we are similar or different from others

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77

What is self-esteem? How does it change over your lifetime?

how much you value

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78

What is self-concept?

the view indivduals have of themselved as being physical

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79

What is the Old vs. New View in self-esteem?

OLD - self-esteem affects performance NEW - performance affects self-esteem

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80

What is self-efficacy?

belief in ones ability to do things

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81

What is the direction of Internal Locus of Control and Performance?

Small correlation. Unknown direction of cause and effect.

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82

What are emotions?

short-lived

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83

What is the Old vs. New View in emotions?

OLD - only 6 emotions (fear

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84

What are the 4 competencies of emotional intelligence?

ability to understand and interpret emotions

  1. self-awareness - understand own emotions2. social awareness - understand emotions of others3. self-management - control emotions of others4. relationship management - influence emotions of others to build relationships

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85

What is fear?

a basic

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86

What is the difference between anxiety and fear?

fear is short term and a response to a specific threat (a test

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87

What is stress?

physical symptoms of fear and anxiety activation of the sympathetic nervous system - a network of nerves involved in a flight or fight arousal

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88

What is fight or flight?

When your body provides energy

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89

T or F? does anxiety divert attention from on-task behaviors?

True

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90

What is the Yekes-Dodson law?

arousal is only helpful up until a certain point

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91

What is burnout?

A psychophysiological response due to frequent but generally ineffective efforts to meet excessive demands

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92

What is exposure therapy?

therapy that confronts clients with what they fear with the goal of reducing the fear

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93

What is the equity theory?

focuses on employee perceptions as to how fairly they think they are being treated compared to others

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94

What are the two types of inequity?

underpayment and overpayment

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95

What are some examples of persuasion?

Marketing

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96

Why is persuasion hard?

changing your mind might involve admitting that you were in the wrong

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97

When is the peripheral route occur?

When motivation or ability to attend to messages is LOW. evaluative conditioning - pairing out a nueral object with positive valenced ones (pavlovs dogs) identity or characterstics of the person communicating (experts

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98

When does the Central Route Persuasion occur?

When motivation or ability to attend to messages is HIGH. When topic is personally relevant

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99

What is Logos?

appeal to logic or reason using inductive or deductive reasoning

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100

What is Pathos?

appeal to audiences emotions

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