Medical terminology

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A- , An-

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Tags and Description

Prefixes

230 Terms

1

A- , An-

without, lacking

-- Ex. Anemia

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2

ANDR/O

Male

-- Ex. Androgen

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3

ANTI-

against

--Ex. Anticholinergic Drugs

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4

AUTO-

self

--Ex. Autocrine

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5

Bio-

Life

-- Biology

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6

Chem/o

Chemsity

--Chemotherapy

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7

Contra-

Against

--Contraception

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8

Cyt/o-

Cell

--Cytokine

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9

Dis-

Separation, taking apart

--Dissection

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10

Dys-

difficult, abnormal

--Dyspnea

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11

Eu-

Good, well

--Eupnea

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12

Fibr/o-

Fiber

--Fibrosis

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13

Gluco-,Glycol

Glucose, Sugar

--Glycogen

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14

Gyn/o-, Gynec-

Female

-- Gynecology

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15

Hyde/o-

water

--Hydrocephalus

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16

Idio-

self, one’s own

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17

Lyso-,Lys-

break down, destruction, dissolving

--Lysosome

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18

Mal-

Bad, abnormal

--malignant

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19

Myc/o-

Fungus

--Mycetoma

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20

Necr/o-

death

--Necrosis

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21

Neo-

new

--neonate

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22

Oxy

Sharp, acute, oxygen

--Oxytocin

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23

Pan-,Pant/o-

all or everywhere

--Pancytopenia

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24

Pharmaco-

drug, medicine

-- Pharmacist

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25

Re-

Again, background

--Rejuvenation

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26

Somat/o-, Somatico

Body, bodily

--Somatic cell

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27

Acous/o-

hearing

--Acoustic meatus

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28

Aden/o-

gland

--Adenoid

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29

Adip/o-

fat

--Adipocyte

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30

Adren/o-

Gland

--Adrenal Cortex

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31

Angi/o-

blood vessel

-- angioplasty

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32

arteri/o-

artery

--arteriole

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33

Arthr/o-

joint

--arthroplasty

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34

Bucc/o-

cheek

--Buccal cavity

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35

Branch/I-

Brochus

--Bronchioles

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36

Burs/o-

Bursa

-- Bursa

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37

Carcin/o-

Cancer

--Basal Cell carcinoma

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38

Cardi/o-

heart

--Cardiology

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39

Cephal/o-

Head

--Cephalic flexure

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40

Chol-

bile

--cholesterol

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41

chondri-

cartilage

--chondrosarcoma

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42

coron-

heart

--coronary arteries

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43

cost-

rib

--costal cartilage

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44

crani/o-

brain

--cranium

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45

cutane-

skin

--cutaneous

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46

cyst/o-,cysti-

bladder or sac

--cystoscopy

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47

derm-,dermat/o-

skin

--dermatologist

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48

duoden/o-

duodenum

--duodenitis

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49

gastr-

stomach

--gastrectomy

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50

gloss-

tongue

--glossectomy

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51

Hem-,hema-,hemat-, hemo-,hemat/o-

Blood

—hematopoiesis

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52

Hepat/o-,hepatico

Liver

—hepatic portal system

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53

hist/o-, histio

Tissue

—histology

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54

Hyster/o-

Uterus

—hysterectomy

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55

Ileo-

Ileum

—ileostomy

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56

Ischi/o-

Ischium

—ischial tuberosity

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57

Kerat/o-

Corena

—keratin

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58

Lacrim/o-

Tear (from your eyes)

—lacrimal fluid

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59

Lact/o,lacti

Milk

—lactose

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60

Laryng/o-

Larynx

—laryngitis

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61

Lingu/o-

Tongue

—lingual tonsil

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62

Lip/o-

Fat

—lipoly sis

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63

Lymph/o-

Lymph

—lymphocyte

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64

Mama-,Mast/o-

breast

-- Mammary glands

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65

mening/o-

meninges

--meningitis

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66

muscle/o-

muscle

--musculoskeletal

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67

my/o-

muscle

--myocardium

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68

myel/o-

spinal cord or bone marrow

--myelin

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69

nephr/o-

kidney

--nephron

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70

neur/I-,neur/o-

nerve

--neuron

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71

oculo-

eye

--oculomotor nerve

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72

onco-

tumor, bulk; volume

--oncogene

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73

onych/o-

fingernail, toenail

--onychodystrophy

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74

Oo-

egg, ovary

--oocyte

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75

Oophor/o-

Ovary

--Oophorectomy

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76

Op-,Opt-

Vision

--Optic Nerve

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77

Ophthalm/o-

eye

--Opthalmic artery

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78

Orchid/o-,Orchio-

Testis

--Orchidectomy

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79

Orth/o-

Straight, normal, correct

--Orthostatic

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80

Osseo-

Bony

--Osseous tissue

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81

Ossi-

Bone

--Ossicles

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82

Ost-,Oste-/o-

bone

--ossicles

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83

Ot/o-

ear

--otolaryngologist

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84

ovar/i-,Ovario-,ovi-,ovo-

ovary

--ovarian follicle

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85

phalang-

phalanx

--phalanges

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86

phleb/o-

vein

--phlebotomist

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87

paren/I-,phrenology,phrenico

diaphragm

--phrenic nerve

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88

pleur-,pleur/a-,pleur/o-

rib, pleura

--pleural cavity

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89

pneumonia/a-,pneumat/o-

air, lung

--pneumonia

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90

proct/o-

anus, rectum

--proctoscopy

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91

prostat-

prostate

--prostatectomy

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92

pseudo-

false

--pseudostratified

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93

psych/o-,psyche

mind

--psychiatrist

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94

radio-

radiation, radius

--radioisotopes

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95

ren/o-

kidney

--renal cortex

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96

retin-

retina (of the eye)

--retinitis pigmentosa

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97

rhin/o-

nose

--rhinoscope

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98

salping/o-

tube

--salpingo-oophorectomy

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99

sarco-

muscular, flesh-like

--sarcomere

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100

schiz/o-

split, cleft

--schizophrenia

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