PREFIXES - Medical Terminology

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What is a prefix?

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A review of the different prefixes in medical terminology.

400 Terms

1

What is a prefix?

A prefix is the beginning of a term that modifies the root.

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2

a

absence of

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3

ab

away from

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4

abdomin(o)

relating to the abdomen

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5

ac

sharp

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6

acanth(o)

thorn or spine

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7

acous(i, o)

relating to hearing

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8

acr(o)

extremity; topmost

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9

ad

adherence; increase; motion towards; very

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10

aden(i, o)

relating to a gland

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11

adip(o)

relating to fat or fatty tissue

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12

adren(o)

relating to adrenal gland

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13

aer(o)

air, gas

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14

aesthesio

sensation

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15

alb

white

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16

alg(i, o); alge(si)

pain

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17

allo

something different or addition

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18

ambi

positioned on both sides or both of two

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19

amnio

pertaining to the membranous fetal sac

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20

an

absence of; not; without

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21

an(o)

anus

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22

ana

back; again; up

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23

ancyl(o)

crooked or bent

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24

andr(o)

pertaining to a man

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25

angi(o)

blood vessel

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26

angust(i)

narrow

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27

aniso

unequal

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28

ankyl(o)

bent; crooked

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29

ante

positioned in front of another thing

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30

anti

opposed to another

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31

apo

derived from; separated from

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32

archi(i, e, o)

first; primitive

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33

arseno

male; masculine

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34

arteri(o)

pertaining to an artery

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35

arthr(o)

pertaining to the joints; limbs

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36

articul(o)

joint

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37

atel(o)

imperfect or incomplete development

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38

atri(o)

an atrium (esp. heart atrium)

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39

aur(i)

pertaining to the ear

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40

aut(o)

self

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41

aux(o)

growth; increase

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42

axill

pertaining to the armpit

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43

azo(to)

nitrogenous compound

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44

balano

pertaining to the glans clitoridis/penis

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45

bar(o)

heavy

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46

ben(e)

good; well

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47

bi

double; twice

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48

bio

life

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49

bis

twice

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50

blast(o)

germ or bud

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51

blephar(o)

pertaining to the eyelid

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52

bon(i)

good; well

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53

brachi(o)

relating to the arm

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54

brachy

short

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55

brady

slow

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56

brev(i)

short

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57

bronch(i)

bronchus

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58

bucc(o)

pertaining to the cheek

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59

burs(o)

bursa

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60

cac(o)

bad; incorrect

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61

capill

pertaining to the hair

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62

capit

pertaining to the head

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63

carcin(o)

cancer

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64

cardi(o)

pertaining to the heart

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65

carp(o)

pertaining to the wrist

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66

cata

down; under

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67

cav

hollow

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68

celer

fast

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69

cephal(o)

pertaining to the head

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70

cerat(o)

pertaining to the cornu (horn-shaped)

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71

cerebell(o)

pertaining to the cerebellum

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72

cerebr(o)

pertaining to the brain

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73

cervic

pertaining to the cervix; neck

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74

cheir(o)

pertaining to the hand

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75

chem(o)

chemistry; drug

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76

chir(o)

green

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77

chlor(o)

green

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78

chol(e)

pertaining to bile

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79

cholecyst(o)

pertaining to the gall bladder

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80

chondr(i, o)

cartilage; gristle; granular; granule

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81

chrom(ato)

color

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82

cili

pertaining to the cilia; eyelashes; eyelids

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83

circum

around; surrounding

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84

cirrh(o)

red-yellow

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85

cis

on this side

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86

clast

break

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87

co

in association; together; with

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88

coel(o)

hollow

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89

col(o); colono

colon

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90

colp(o)

pertaining to the vagina

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91

com

together; with

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92

contra

against

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93

cor; cor(e); coro

pertaining to eye’s pupil; together; with

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94

cordi

pertaining to the heart (uncommon as a prefix)

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95

cornu

likened to horns

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96

cost(o)

pertaining to the ribs

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97

cox

relating to the haunch; hip; or hip joint

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98

crani(o)

thick

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99

crass(i)

thick

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100

cry(o)

cold

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