Bio 201 LAB : Human Anatomy and Physiology.

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Anatomy

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175 Terms

1

Anatomy

Is the science that is concerned with body structures and the relationships among them

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2

Physiology

Is the science that is concerned with the functions of the body parts

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3

Chemical

All atoms and molecules in the body

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4

Cellular

All of the cells in the body

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5

Tissue

Groups of cells working together to perform a certain function

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6

Organ

Groups of tissue working together to perform a specific function

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7

System

Several related organs that have a common function

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8

Organism

All body parts functioning together; a single individual

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9

Anatomical Position

The erect position of the body facing forward, feet flat on the floor, arms at the sides, palms face and eyes facing forward

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10

Superior

Toward the head or above other structures

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11

Inferior

Away from the head or below other structures

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12

Anterior

Toward the front or belly surface

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13

Posterior

Toward the back of the body

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14

Medial

Toward the midline

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15

Lateral

Away from the midline

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16

Intermediate

Between two structures

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17

Ipsilateral

On the same side of the body

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18

Contralateral

On the opposite sides of the body

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19

Proximal

Closer to the point of attachment

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20

Distal

Farther from the point of attachment

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21

Superficial (external)

Towards the body's surface

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22

Deep (internal)

Away from the body's surface

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23

Prone

Laying facedown

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24

Supine

Laying faceup

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25

Body Planes

Real or imaginary "slices" of the body used to divide the body for reference

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Sagittal Plane

A vertical slice which divides the body into right and left halves

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Midsagittal Plane

Passes through the midline, divides body into equal right and left halves

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28

Parasagittal Plane

Doesn't pass through the midline, divides the body into unequal right or left halves

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29

Frontal Plane

Verticle slice that divides the body into anterior and posterior portions

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30

Transverse (Horizontal) Plane

A horizontal slice that divides the body or organ into superior and anterior halves

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31

Oblique Plane

A slice which passes through at an angle

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32

Dorsal Body Cavity

Toward the back of the body. Subdivided into two cavities

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Cranial Cavity

Formed by the cranial bones and contains the brain

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34

Vertebral (Spinal) Canal

Formed by the vertebrae and contains the spinal cord

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35

Meninges

Membranes of the dorsal cavity

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36

Ventral Body Cavity

Toward the front of the body, subdivided into two cavities

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37

Thoracic Cavity

The superior cavity that houses the heart and lungs

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38

Pericardial Cavity

A fluid filled space that surrounds the heart

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39

Pleural Cavities

Fluid filled spaces that surrounds each lung

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40

Mediastinum

Central portion of the thoracic cavity

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41

Abdominopelvic Cavity

The inferior portion of the ventral cavity, divided into two cavities

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42

Abdominal Cavity

Contains the stomach, spleen, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, kidneys, and ureters, small intestine, and most of large intestine

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43

Pelvic Cavity

Contains reproductive organs, part of large intestine, urinary bladder, urethra and rectum

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Diaphragm

Separates the thoracic and adominopelvic cavities

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Serous Membrane

A thin doubled membrane that lines the walls and outer surfaces of the organs of the cavities. Functions to reduce friction by secreting lubricating fluid and to prevent infection from spreading by compartmentalizing organs

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Parietal Layer

Refers to part of the membrane that lines the cavity walls

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Visceral Layer

Refers to the part of the membrane that lines outer surfaces of the organs within the cavity

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48

Peritoneum

Lines the abdominopelvic cavity and it's organs

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49

Pleura

Adheres to the surface of the lungs and lines the walls of the chest and diagram

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50

Pericardium

Encloses the heart

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51

Body Regions

Five regions with many smaller ones

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52

Head

Skull, face

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Neck

Supports head and attaches to trunk

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54

Trunk

Chest, abdomen, pelvis

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55

Upper Limbs

Attaches to trunk and consists of shoulders, armpits, arms, forearms, wrists and hands

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Lower Limbs

Attaches to trunk and consists of buttock, thighs, legs, ankles, and feet

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57

Cephalic

Pertaining to the head

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Nasal

Pertaining to the nose

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Facial

Pertaining to the face

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Buccal

Pertaining to the cheek

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Orbital

Pertaining to the eye

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Oral

Pertaining to the mouth

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Occipital

Pertaining to the base of the skull

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Cervical

Pertaining to the neck

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Thoracic

Pertaining to the chest

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Sternal

Pertaining to the breastbone

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Abdominal

Pertaining to the abdomen

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Umbilical

Pertaining to the navel region

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Coxal

Pertaining to the hip

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70

Pubic

Pertaining to the genital region

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Pelvic

Pertaining to the pelvis

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72

Inguinal

Pertaining to the groin

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Deltiod

Pertaining to curve of shoulder formed by deltoid muscle

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Acromial

Pertaining to the shoulder

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Axillary

Pertaining to armpit

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Brachial

Pertaining to the arm

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Carpal

Pertaining to the wrist

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Digital

Pertaining to the fingers

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79

Antecubital

Pertaining to the anterior surface of the elbow

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80

Olecranal

Pertaining to the posterior surface of the elbow

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Femoral

Pertaining to the thigh

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Patellar

Pertaining to the anterior surface of knee

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Fibular

Pertaining to the lateral side of leg

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Crural

Pertaining to the leg

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Vertebral

Pertaining to the spine

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86

Scapular

Pertaining to the shoulder blade region

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Lumbar

Pertaining to the lower back (loin)

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Gluteal

Pertaining to the buttocks

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Sacral

Pertaining to the area between the hips

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90

Popliteal

Pertaining to the posterior knee area

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Sural

Pertaining to the calf

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Calcaneal

Pertaining to the heel of the foot

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Plantar

Pertaining to the sole of the foot

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Tarsal

Pertaining to the ankle

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Otic

Pertaining to the ear

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Temporal

Pertaining to the temple

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Mental

Pertaining to the chin

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98

Abdominopelvic Quadrants

Divides the Abdominopelvic cavity by four quadrants, Right upper quadrant, right lower quadrant, left upper quadrant and left lower quadrant. (RUQ, RLQ, LUQ, LLQ)

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99

Abdominopelvic Regions

Divides the abdomin with nine regions, 1 & 2 right and left hypochondriac regions, 3 & 4 right and left lumbar regions, 5 & 6 right and left inguinal regions, 7. epigastric region, 8. umilical region, 9. hypogastric region.

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100

Organ Systems

11 organ systems of the body

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