HISTORY MIDTERM FLASHCARDS

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Out of all the continents in size, where does Africa fit in?

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1

Out of all the continents in size, where does Africa fit in?

It is the second largest.

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2

What is genocide?

The mass murder or a certain political, religious, or racial group. (Almost any group.)

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3

What connects the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea?

The Strait of Gibraltar.

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4

Where do the Mbuti live?

Northeast Congo.

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5

What announces the entrance to the Strait of Gibraltar?

The Hercules Pillars.

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6

What is Khat?

A chewable plant that causes an euphoric feeling.

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7

What kind of land is arable land? Arid land?

Arable is the fertile land, arid is the dry land.

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8

What are the layers of a rainforest?

From bottom to top, forest floor, understory, canopy, and emergent layers.

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9

What is the highest point in Africa?

Mount Kilamanjaro.

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10

Where will you find the Serengetti River?

Tanzania and Kenya.

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11

What is the meaning of apartheid?

Policy of racial segregation in South Africa.

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12

How many countries are in Africa?

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13

What is desertification?

Drying up land, aka the land becoming desert like.

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14

What are two causes of desertification?

Deforestation and/or overgrazing.

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15

What connects the Atlantic Ocean to the Mediterranean Sea?

The Strait of Gibraltar.

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16

What are the 3 lines of latitude we spoke about in class?

The Tropic of Cancer, The Tropic of Capricorn, and the Equator.

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17

How many oceans surround Africa?

The Atlantic and India Oceans.

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18

What is the lowest point in Africa?

Lake Assal.

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19

Who and what were the Masai?

They lived in South Africa and the women were polygamous.

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20

What is treason?

When someone commits a crime against their own community.

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21

What separates the continent of Africa from Madagascar?

The Mozambique Channel.

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22

What is a Sangoma?

A herbal healer.

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23

What seas are located towards the North and Northeast Africa.

The Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea.

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24

How large is Serengetti National Park?

5,700 square miles.

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25

What is the largest lake in Africa?

Lake Victoria.

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26

What is the freshwater lake in Africa?

Lake Tanginka.

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27

What are the dimensions of the Sahara west to east?

1,200 West, 1,200 East.

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28

Where do the Taureg people live in Africa?

The Sahara Desert.

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29

Which ethnic group is known for their rock art?

The San people.

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30

What is migration?

People or groups moving from one place to another.

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31

What country collects money for the connection between the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea?

Egypt.

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32

What is a social activist?

People who act as the conscience and voice.

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33

Which dynasty replaced the XIA dynasty?

The Shang dynasty.

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34

Where is the Indus Valley located?

Pakistan and India.

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35

What is the capital of China?

Beijing.

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36

What is the capital of Indonesia?

Jakarta.

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37

What is the capital of Japan?

Tokyo.

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38

What is the capital of Malaysia?

Kuala Lumpur.

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39

What is the capital of North Korea?

Pyongyang.

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40

What is the capital of Philippines?

Manila.

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41

What is the capital of Singapore?

Singapore.

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42

What is the capital of South Korea?

Seoul.

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43

What is the capital of Taiwan?

Taipei.

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44

What is the capital of Vietnam?

Hanoi.

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45

What camel has 2 humps?

A dromedary camel.

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46

Which country is made up of 4 main islands, the largest being Honshu?

Japan.

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47

What is the largest lake in the world?

Caspian Sea.

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48

What is the highest point in Asia?

Mount Everest.

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49

What is the mountain range that separates Europe from Asia?

The Ural Mountains.

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50

What building was built that in legends says that Ivan the Terrible blinded the architects building it?

Saint Basil's Cathedral.

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51

What is the lowest point in Asia?

The Dead Sea.

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52

What is the longest river in Asia?

The Yangtze River.

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53

Which country in Asia has the largest population?

China.

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54

Which Asian city has the largest population?

Tokyo.

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55

What is the biggest sand desert in the world? (Saudi Arabia)

The Rub al Khali.

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56

What is the smallest country in Asia?

The Maldives.

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57

What Asian animal is nicknamed "old man of the forest"?

An orangutan.

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58

In Israel, where was all property collectively owned and work was organized on a collected basis?

Kibbutz.

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59

What is the man made structure that stretches over 4000 miles through China?

The Great Wall of China.

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60

What building was designed as a tomb for the wife of the emperor?

The Taj Mahal.

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61

Aristocracy.

An upper class whose wealth is based on land and whose power is passed from one generation to another.

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62

Caste System.

A set of rigid categories in ancient India that determined a persons occupation and economic potential, as well as his or her position in society.

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63

Dharmatic Faith.

The term for one of the two types of religions in the world. It focuses on the concept of law, duty, and ethics.

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64

Karma.

In Hinduism, the force generated by a person's actions that determines how the person will be reborn in the next life.

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65

Metaphysical.

The philosophical exploration of complex yet fundamental concepts, such as being, identity, time, and space.

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66

Monsoon.

A seasonal wind pattern in Southern Asia that blows warm, moist air from the southwest during the summer, bringing heavy rains and cooler drier air from the northeast during the winter.

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67

Nirvana.

In Buddhism, ultimate reality, the end of the self and merging into emptiness.

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68

Puja.

Ceremonial worship.

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69

Sanskrit.

The language and later writing system of ancient Indian societies.

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70

Yoga.

A method of training developed by the Hindus that is intended to lead to oneness with Brahman.

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71

Which continent is not a part of the Ring of Fire?

Africa.

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72

What happens at the plate boundaries around the Ring of Fire that leads to the production of volcanic mountains?

One plate subducts, or sinks under the other.

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73

Which mountain range was produced in the Ring of Fire?

The Cascades.

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74

Which ocean is the site of the Ring of Fire?

The Pacific Ocean.

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75

Which volcano is not a part of the Ring of Fire?

Eyafjallajokull in Iceland.

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76

Ignored.

African history.

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77

Zimbabwe.

House of Rock.

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78

Mansa Musa.

Gave gold to lots of people.

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79

Bedouin.

Lived in the Sahara Desert.

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80

Sundiata.

A sorcerer.

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81

Shona.

Influenced Zimbabwe culture.

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82

Royal Court.

Art was key to understanding life.

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83

Mali.

Ghana fell to people from this country.

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84

Oba.

King of Benin.

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85

Islam.

Mansa Musa brought to Mali.

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86

Shia and Sunni.

Islamic leadership led to a split.

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87

Great Enclosure.

Segregated living based on income.

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88

What is the Great Enclosure?

Upper class housing.

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89

One Muslim goal was to unify people under one leader called a...

Caliph.

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90

What was the result of the ensuing wars between Shias and Sunnis?

Cities were destoryed, farms were destroyed, and there was total devastation.

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91

How did Oranyan become leader of Benin?

No one is sure how he became leader.

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92

Which of the following did NOT contribute to the rise of Benin?

A kin based government.

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93

TRUE OR FALSE: Benin participated in the slave trade.

True.

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94

How was the future occupation of a Mali citizen determined?

By the history of their family.

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95

What is a Wagadugu?

A leader from Ghana.

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96

Trade with what group produced the most wealth for Ghana?

The Arabs.

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97

How were the most serious crimes judged in Ghana?

By an ordeal.

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98

How many West African slaves were transported to America and Arab lands?

22-33 million.

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99

TRUE OR FALSE: Histories rely on artifacts, oral histories, and art without many written records.

True.

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100

TRUE OR FALSE: Fertile soil and gold, iron and copper were valuable resources for Zimbabwe.

True.

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