Prof Comm Vocab Semester Review (copy)

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Hearing

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117 Terms

1

Hearing

an automatic reaction of the senses and nervous system to sound

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2

Listening

the process of understanding what was said

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3

Active

the listener participates and shares in the communication process by guiding the speaker toward common interests

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4

Passive

the listener does not share in the responsibility, nor involve himself in the communication process

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5

Discriminative

Listening by singling out one sound from a noisy environment

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6

Appreciative

Listening used to enjoy pleasurable sounds like music, song or nature

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7

Deliberative

Listening to understand, analyze, and evaluate messages so you can make a decision

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8

Empathic

Listening that encourages people to talk freely without fear of embarrassment

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9

Critical

Listening used to analyze and evaluate a message for logic and value

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10

Filters

Our experiences and background that taints the information we hear

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11

Nonverbal Communication

A system of symbolic behaviors that includes all forms of communication, except words, that transmits meaning.

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12

Subconscious

nonverbal communication is often sent and received on a ___________ level. We are usually not aware of the messages we send nonverbally.

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13

Contextual

nonverbal communication depends on the situation in which it occurs.

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14

Ambiguous

the meaning is open to interpretation and often confusing.

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15

Cultural

nonverbal communication has a distinct cultural nature.

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16

Proxemics

Also known as proximity; knowledge that deals with the amount of space that people feel is necessary to set between themselves and others and the message it conveys.

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17

Small Group

At least 3, but not more than 15 people

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18

Synergy

The idea that two heads are better than one

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19

Rules

Specific guidelines related to specific issues; are often written down formally

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20

Norms

Standards that govern behavior; are rarely written down, just understood

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21

Roles

Consistent ways you communicate with others in a group

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22

Group Cohesiveness

The degree of attraction that members of a group feel toward one another and the group.

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23

Groupthink

A tendency in groups to become more focused on reaching a solution than exploring the problem fully (Challenger)

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24

Panel Discussion

Informal discussion that takes place in front of an audience

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25

Round Table Discussion

A conference for discussion, or deliberation, by several participants

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26

Symposium

Formal while presenting opposing points of view (ex. debate between two opponents)

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27

Town Hall Meeting

An American term given to an informal public meeting, function, or event derived from the traditional town meetings of New England.

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28

Intrapersonal

language used or thought internal to the communicator

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29

Self-Awareness

your level of knowledge about yourself

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30

Self-Esteem

how you feel about yourself

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31

Personality

emotions, thoughts, and behavior patterns that a person has

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32

Self-Fulfilling Prophecy

when you make a prediction that comes true because you made the prediction and acted on it as if it were true.

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33

Self Disclosure

providing information to others that they would not learn if we did not tell them

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34

Reciprocity

we expect others to share similar information

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35

Open self-disclosure

Known to you and others

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36

Blind self-disclosure

Known to others, not known to you

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37

Hidden self-disclosure

Know to you, not known to others

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38

Unknown self-disclosure

Not known to you or others

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39

Interpersonal

communication between 2 persons or among a small group of persons

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40

Interpersonal Attraction

the degree to which you desire to form or maintain a relationship

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41

Visual Learners

symbols, boxes, charts, images, and colors

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42

Aural Learners

A passion for words, writing, tongue twisters, and rhymes

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43

Verbal Learners

Prefer listening, sounds, and music

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44

Physical Learners

Prefer moving, doing, and touching to learn

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45

Logical Learners

Prefer to understand the "whole picture"

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46

Social Learners

Prefer to learn in groups instead of on their own

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47

Solitary Learners

Prefer to learn on their own instead of in groups

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48

Introverts

Prefer solitary activities, Get exhausted by social interaction & are Sensitive to external stimulation (e.g. sound, sight, or smell)

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49

Extroverts

Prefer group activities, Get energized by social interaction & Tend to be more enthusiastic and more easily excited

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50

Sensing Personalities

Highly practical, pragmatic, and down-to-earth, Strong habits, & Focus on what is happening or has already happened

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51

Intuition Personalities

Very imaginative, open-minded, and curious, Prefer novelty over stability & Focus on hidden meanings and future possibilities

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52

Thinking Personalities

Focus on rationality, prioritizing logic over emotions, Tend to hide their feelings & Efficiency is more important than cooperation

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53

Feeling Personalities

Sensitive and emotionally expressive, more empathic and less competitive, & Focus on social harmony and cooperation

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54

Judging Personalities

Decisive, thorough, and highly organized, Value clarity, predictability, and closure, & Prefer structure and planning to spontaneity

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55

Perceiving Personalities

Very good at improvising and spotting opportunities, Flexible, relaxed nonconformists, & Prefer keeping their options open

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56

Communication

a process by which information is exchanged between individuals through a common system of symbols, signs, or behavior

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57

Public Communication

a large group of people

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58

Mass Communication

via TV or radio, news, debates

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59

Organizational Communication

communication within a business & communicating with co-workers

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60

Context

an environment where communication is taking place

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61

Sender/Receiver

people involved in the communication

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62

Message

what is being communicated

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63

Channel

the method of communication (e-mail, letter, face-to-face, speech)

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64

Feedback

reaction to communication (verbal or nonverbal)

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65

Noise

anything that interferes with communication

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66

Physical

actual audible interference

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67

Psychological/physiological

the individual psychological state

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68

Semantic

ambiguity in language

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69

Denotative

Conveys content; the actual, literal dictionary definition of a word

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70

Connotative

Conveys emotion and feelings; the emotional and imaginative association surrounding a word

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71

Formal

Interview language

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72

Standard

Day to day language used with the general population

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73

Informal / Slang

Used with friends and peers & Contains dialectical words and slang unique to that particular region or group of people

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74

Technical

Words used that are specific to a particular activity, Also known as jargon

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75

Imagery

Language that creates pictures

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76

Metaphor

Figure of speech - Compares two usually unrelated things

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77

Simile

Uses the words "like" or "as"

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78

Allusion

Reference to a well-known person, place or thing

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79

Parallelism

Using the same grammatical form to express ideas that should be treated equally

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80

Antithesis

Contrast of one term to another

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81

Oxymoron

Places opposition directly side-by-side

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82

Irony

Things that imply the opposite of what they seem to say on the surface

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83

Personification

Giving human characteristics to nonhuman things

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84

Hyperbole

Exaggeration of the truth

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85

Understatement

Opposite of hyperbole

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86

Alliteration

Repeat initial sounds

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87

Assonance

Repeat vowel sounds

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88

Consonance

Repeat consonants - Repeating Words or Groups of Words

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89

Supportive

already agrees with you going in to the speech.

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90

Indifferent

somewhat apathetic about the subject matter; they must be made to see the importance of the topic in order to persuade them in to believe a certain way or take action.

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91

Uncommitted

audience attends your speech because they desire information to assist in forming an opinion or taking an action

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92

Unsupportive

audience does not agree with your perspective and may have hostile attitudes toward your intentions.

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93

Autocratic leadership

leader who makes the decisions, gives the orders and generally controls all activities; has little concern for group consensus, is very dictatorial and very "in control."

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94

Democratic Leadership

leader who motivates followers to participate in decision making in an effort to get the majority to agree and commit to decisions. If members disagree, then the leader tries to resolve the problem.

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95

Lazzie Faire leadership

leader who sits back and lets the group figure things out; take a laid back, "hands off" approach to group leadership; members may not even know who the leader is

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96

Aggressive tone

My way or the highway, Wants to win at all costs

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97

Nonassertive tone

Doesn't talk much Backs down Hard to read

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98

Assertive tone

Direct, but tactful Considers location, timing, intensity, relationships Solves problems

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99

Expert Power

Direct, but tactful Considers location, timing, intensity, relationships Solves problems

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100

referent power

being well liked or having likeable qualities

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