Psych Ch 1-3

studied byStudied by 0 people
0.0(0)
get a hint
hint

1879

1 / 102

encourage image

There's no tags or description

Looks like no one added any tags here yet for you.

103 Terms

1

1879

when did psychology originat

New cards
2

Leipzig, Germany

where did psychology originate

New cards
3

psychology

the scientific study of behavior and mental processes

New cards
4

Wilhelm Wundt

who established the first laboratory for the study of psychology

New cards
5

structuralism

analyzing consciousness into basic elements

New cards
6

Edward titchner

who founded structuralism

New cards
7

functionalism

focused on investigating the function or purpose of consciousness rather than its structure

New cards
8

William James

who founded functionalism

New cards
9

James and functionalism

who won the battles?

New cards
10

John B. Watson

who founded Behaviorism

New cards
11

Behaviorism 1

a reaction against structuralism and functionalism

only observable behavior should be studied in scientific psychology

New cards
12

sigmund frued

who founded the psychoanalytic movement

New cards
13

psychoanalytic movement

to explain personality, motivation, and mental disorders you must focus on unconscious behavior determinate

New cards
14

B. F. Skinner

who founded Behaviorism 2

New cards
15

applied psychology

use of psychological principles to solve practical problems

New cards
16

1950s

opposition to psychoanalytical theory, behaviorism develops

New cards
17

1950s and 60s

rise and return on focus of thoughts (cognitive)

New cards
18

biological perspective

explained in terms of physiological processes

examines how the nervous system influences our psychology

New cards
19

evolutionary psychology

functionalism revisited

New cards
20

psychology today

science that studies and the profession that applies the knowledge

New cards
21

authority

books and experts

New cards
22

logic

inference and deduction

New cards
23

common sense

rational judgement

New cards
24

intuition/personal experience

your observations

New cards
25

science

an objective method to gather and evaluate information

New cards
26

science is tentative

can support theories; never prove them

New cards
27

peer review

knowledge must be evaluated by scientific community

New cards
28

step 1 of scientific process

ask a question

New cards
29

step 2 of scientific process

formulate a hypothesis

New cards
30

step 3 of scientific process

derive prediction to test hypothesis

New cards
31

step 4 of scientific process

define how to measure variable

New cards
32

step 5 of scientific process

pick participants

New cards
33

step 6 of scientific process

select a research method

New cards
34

step 7 of scientific process

select a research design

New cards
35

step 8 of scientific process

collect data

New cards
36

step 9 of scientific process

evaluate and draw conclusions

New cards
37

step 10 of scientific process

report findings

New cards
38

step 11 of scientific process

refine/reformulate question as needed

New cards
39

theory

a model or framework that describes a related set o phenomena, predicts futures, occurrences, can be falsified through empirical observation

New cards
40

hypothesis

tentative assertion about our psychology, usually answers why something you expect to observe will occur

New cards
41

prediction

what we expect to observe, deducted form hypothesis to test hypothesis

New cards
42

naturalistic observation

careful monitoring and examination of what animals do in real world conditions

New cards
43

chimpanzees

Jane Goodall

New cards
44

gorillas and mountain lions

dian Fossey

New cards
45

orangutan

Brute Galdikas

New cards
46

case study

through observation and description of a single individual

New cards
47

observations and description only

tells what can happen

New cards
48

correlation

tells you how well one variable predicts another variable

New cards
49

linearly related

Variables use be

New cards
50

positive correlation

positive x and positive z

negative x and negative z

New cards
51

negative correlation

positive x and negative z

New cards
52

no correlation

not associated with each other

New cards
53

variable

any situation, event, or behavior that has at least 2 values

New cards
54

value

a possible number or category that a variable van have

New cards
55

score

a given person’s value on the variable

New cards
56

data

variable and their values and scores.

New cards
57

experiment

study that manipulated a variable (independent variable) and observes its effects on another variable (dependent variable)

New cards
58

independent variable

what we manipulate to see its effects on the DV

New cards
59

dependent variable

what we are measuring

New cards
60

convenient sample

something that is convenient to study

New cards
61

random sampling

randomly picking a name to study

New cards
62

random assignment

randomly putting someone into a experiment group

New cards
63

experimental group

subjects who receive a given level of the independent variable

New cards
64

subject variable

a variable on which participants differ that can’t be manipulated

New cards
65

confounding variable

a variable other than the independent variable that is linked with the independent variable and could also influence the dependent variable

New cards
66

Action Potentials

brief electrical charges

New cards
67

depolarization

neuron becomes less negatively charged

New cards
68

hyperpolarization

neuron becomes more Negatively surged

New cards
69

myelin sheath

speeds up transmission

New cards
70

terminal buttons

end of axon; secrete neurotransmitters

New cards
71

synapse

point at which neurons interconnect

New cards
72

excitatory postsynaptic potential

positive voltage shift

New cards
73

inhibitory postsynaptic potential

negative voltage shift

New cards
74

dopamine

contributes to control of voluntary movement

New cards
75

serotonin

involved n regulation in mood, appetite, and sleep induction

New cards
76

norepinephrine

involved in mood and arousal

New cards
77

against

helps the neurotransmitter

New cards
78

antagonist

stops the neurotransmitter

New cards
79

central nervous system

includes the brain and spinal cord

New cards
80

peripheral nervous system

nerves outside the brain and spinal cord

New cards
81

peripheral nervous system

is made up of all those nerves that lie outside the brain and nervous system

New cards
82

somatic nervous system

is made up of nerves that connect to voluntary skeletal muscles and to sensory receptors

New cards
83

afferent nerve fibers

are axes that carry information inward to the central nervous system from the periphery of the body

New cards
84

efferent nerve fibers

are axons that carry information outward from the central nervous system to the periphery of the body

New cards
85

autonomic nervous system

is made up of nerves that connect to the heart, blood vessels, smooth muscles, and glands

New cards
86

sympathetic division

is the branch of the autonomic nervous system that mobilizes the body’s resources for emergencies (fight or flight)

New cards
87

parasympathetic division

is the branch of the autonomic nervous system that generally conserves body resources ( rest and digest)

New cards
88

the spinal cord

connects the pain to the rest of the body through the peripheral nervous system

New cards
89

hindbrain

includes medulla, pons, and cerebellum

New cards
90

medulla

regulated autonomic responses such as breathing, swallowing, and blood circulation

New cards
91

pons

connects two halves of brain at the hindbrain level; sleep and arousal

New cards
92

cerebellum (little brain)

coordinates voluntary movement and balance

New cards
93

forebrain

includes cerebral cortex and subcortical structures

New cards
94

cerebral cortex

outer covering of the brain

New cards
95

limbic system

regulates emotions and m motivated behaviors such as hunger, thirst, and aggression

New cards
96

amygdala

involved in aggression and fear

New cards
97

hippocampus

involved in memory storage

New cards
98

thalamus

brain’s sensory switchboard

New cards
99

corpus collosum

the major structure that connects the two major cerebral hemispheres

New cards
100

left hemisphere

verbal processing; language, speech, reading writing

New cards

Explore top notes

note Note
studied byStudied by 14 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 11 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 28 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 3 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 4 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 14 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
note Note
studied byStudied by 24 people
Updated ... ago
4.5 Stars(2)
note Note
studied byStudied by 10285 people
Updated ... ago
4.8 Stars(44)

Explore top flashcards

flashcards Flashcard52 terms
studied byStudied by 330 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(7)
flashcards Flashcard23 terms
studied byStudied by 12 people
Updated ... ago
4.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard22 terms
studied byStudied by 24 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(3)
flashcards Flashcard33 terms
studied byStudied by 12 people
Updated ... ago
4.8 Stars(4)
flashcards Flashcard37 terms
studied byStudied by 80 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard119 terms
studied byStudied by 225 people
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard117 terms
studied byStudied by 1 person
Updated ... ago
5.0 Stars(1)
flashcards Flashcard38 terms
studied byStudied by 12 people
Updated ... ago
4.4 Stars(9)